Strategies for Infrastructure Improvements in Urban Neighbourhoods: An Issue-Oriented Action Agenda for Community Associat...
ROLES AND RELATIONSHIPS IN THE INFRASTRUCTURE IMPROVEMENTS PROCESS:  THE MATTER OF LEGITIMACY ELECTED OFFICIALS PROFESSION...
Rational Model of Roles and Relationships in Defining and Achieving  Infrastructure Improvements Citizens, Shareholders, M...
Strategies (1) <ul><li>Alternatives </li></ul><ul><li>Asphalt / Pavement </li></ul><ul><li>Back-to-Basics </li></ul><ul><l...
Strategies (2) <ul><li>Hearts-and-Minds </li></ul><ul><li>Holistic </li></ul><ul><li>If It Ain’t Broke </li></ul><ul><li>J...
Strategies (3) <ul><li>Research-Based </li></ul><ul><li>Risk Avoidance </li></ul><ul><li>Seat-of-the-Pants </li></ul><ul><...
Infrastructure: Physical and Human Components (1) <ul><li>Ambulance </li></ul><ul><li>Arenas </li></ul><ul><li>Bikepaths <...
Infrastructure: Physical and Human Components (2) <ul><li>Green Spaces </li></ul><ul><li>Health </li></ul><ul><li>Hospital...
Infrastructure: Physical and Human Components (3) <ul><li>Police </li></ul><ul><li>Power Supply/Grid </li></ul><ul><li>Poo...
“Improvements” <ul><li>As defined by… </li></ul><ul><li>The Province of Ontario? </li></ul><ul><li>The Ontario Ministry of...
“Smart Growth” <ul><li>Questions, Questions, Questions </li></ul><ul><li>What was it before we got smart? </li></ul><ul><l...
Stages of Applied Operational Research <ul><li>Pilot Studies </li></ul><ul><li>Pre-Test Studies </li></ul><ul><li>Trial Ru...
Research Variable Evaluation Criteria <ul><li>Pertinence </li></ul><ul><li>Support </li></ul><ul><li>Degree of difficulty ...
Research Variable Evaluation Criteria Knowledge/Information/Data Variables (cont.) <ul><li>Availability </li></ul><ul><li>...
Learning Triangles <ul><li>Learning Triangles have the capacity to get us  beyond the simplistic to the necessary, but  wi...
Key Learning Triangles: Project Evaluation <ul><li>Decisions / Values & Attitudes / Evidence </li></ul><ul><li>Outputs / T...
Learning Triangles (cont.) Utility Complexity Sustainability Utility Sustainability Reliability Benefits Costs Risks Costs...
THAT WAS THEN Context materials for a presentation on “Infrastructure” by Prof. B. Wellar at the 2001 Symposium,  Shaping ...
THIS IS NOW Context materials for a presentation on “Infrastructure” by Prof. B. Wellar at the 2001 Symposium,  Shaping On...
Walking Security Index <ul><li>The Walking Security Index was developed by Prof. B. Wellar for the City of Ottawa because ...
 
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Strategies for Infrastructure Improvements in Urban Neighbourhoods: An Issue-Oriented Action Agenda for Community Associations

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The 2001 keynote address at the Hamilton, Ontario symposium on urban neighbourhoods provided a number of strategies that community associations could use in evaluating infrastructure needs, and proposals, and also provided context and content for the formation and organization of the Federation of Urban Neighbourhoods ( Ontario.) Now, in 2009, numerous infrastructure proposals are being floated by all levels of government in attempts to deal with the economic downturn that is sweeping Canada, the U.S., and other countries. The PowerPoint slides used in the original presentation appear to have gained in value as community associations try to understand the purpose, value, and impacts of latest mix of iinfratructure proposals and initiatives notions being promoted by governments to deal with the current recession/depression.

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  • 2001 Symposium, Shaping Ontario’s Urban Neighbourhoods, Hamilton Convention Centre May 5-6, 2001, Hamilton, Ontario
  • Strategies for Infrastructure Improvements in Urban Neighbourhoods: An Issue-Oriented Action Agenda for Community Associations

    1. 1. Strategies for Infrastructure Improvements in Urban Neighbourhoods: An Issue-Oriented Action Agenda for Community Associations Professor Barry Wellar, Department of Geography, University of Ottawa Ottawa, ON K1N 6N5 Canada Shaping Ontario’s Urban Neighourhoods Hamilton Convention Centre May 5-6, 2001 Hamilton, Ontario
    2. 2. ROLES AND RELATIONSHIPS IN THE INFRASTRUCTURE IMPROVEMENTS PROCESS: THE MATTER OF LEGITIMACY ELECTED OFFICIALS PROFESSIONAL STAFF THE PUBLIC COMMUNITY ASSOCIATIONS Decisions Advice Values & Attitudes
    3. 3. Rational Model of Roles and Relationships in Defining and Achieving Infrastructure Improvements Citizens, Shareholders, Members Consumers, Voters, Interest Groups Values and Attitudes Opinions, Participation, Support, Votes, Rejection Professionals Advice Interpretations, Implications, Recommendations Executives / Electeds Decisions Choices, Priorities
    4. 4. Strategies (1) <ul><li>Alternatives </li></ul><ul><li>Asphalt / Pavement </li></ul><ul><li>Back-to-Basics </li></ul><ul><li>BANANA </li></ul><ul><li>Bang-for-the-Buck </li></ul><ul><li>Big Picture </li></ul><ul><li>Conservation First </li></ul><ul><li>Copy-the-USA </li></ul><ul><li>Crisis Management </li></ul><ul><li>Economic Imperative </li></ul>
    5. 5. Strategies (2) <ul><li>Hearts-and-Minds </li></ul><ul><li>Holistic </li></ul><ul><li>If It Ain’t Broke </li></ul><ul><li>Jobs, Jobs, Jobs </li></ul><ul><li>NIMBY </li></ul><ul><li>OPM (Other People’s Money) </li></ul><ul><li>Pay-As-You-Go </li></ul><ul><li>Positive Reinforcement </li></ul><ul><li>Piecemeal </li></ul><ul><li>Quid Pro Quo </li></ul><ul><li>Ready, Fire, Aim! </li></ul>
    6. 6. Strategies (3) <ul><li>Research-Based </li></ul><ul><li>Risk Avoidance </li></ul><ul><li>Seat-of-the-Pants </li></ul><ul><li>Squeaky Wheel </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable Development </li></ul><ul><li>Triage </li></ul><ul><li>User Pay </li></ul><ul><li>Veneering </li></ul><ul><li>Where’s the Money? </li></ul><ul><li>YIMBY </li></ul>
    7. 7. Infrastructure: Physical and Human Components (1) <ul><li>Ambulance </li></ul><ul><li>Arenas </li></ul><ul><li>Bikepaths </li></ul><ul><li>Bridges </li></ul><ul><li>Colleges </li></ul><ul><li>Community Centres </li></ul><ul><li>Computers / Communications </li></ul><ul><li>Electrical System </li></ul><ul><li>Fire Stations </li></ul><ul><li>Food Banks </li></ul><ul><li>Galleries </li></ul>
    8. 8. Infrastructure: Physical and Human Components (2) <ul><li>Green Spaces </li></ul><ul><li>Health </li></ul><ul><li>Hospitals </li></ul><ul><li>Housing </li></ul><ul><li>Information Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Intersections </li></ul><ul><li>Libraries </li></ul><ul><li>Medical </li></ul><ul><li>Museums </li></ul><ul><li>Open Spaces </li></ul><ul><li>Parking Lots </li></ul><ul><li>Parks </li></ul><ul><li>Playgrounds </li></ul>
    9. 9. Infrastructure: Physical and Human Components (3) <ul><li>Police </li></ul><ul><li>Power Supply/Grid </li></ul><ul><li>Pools </li></ul><ul><li>Roads </li></ul><ul><li>Schools </li></ul><ul><li>Sewerage </li></ul><ul><li>Sidewalks </li></ul><ul><li>Sports Fields </li></ul><ul><li>Telecommunications </li></ul><ul><li>Trash/Waste </li></ul><ul><li>Trees </li></ul><ul><li>Universities </li></ul><ul><li>Utilities </li></ul><ul><li>Water </li></ul>
    10. 10. “Improvements” <ul><li>As defined by… </li></ul><ul><li>The Province of Ontario? </li></ul><ul><li>The Ontario Ministry of Transportation? </li></ul><ul><li>The Ontario Ministry of the Environment? </li></ul><ul><li>The Municipality of ___________? </li></ul><ul><li>The ___________Community Association? </li></ul>
    11. 11. “Smart Growth” <ul><li>Questions, Questions, Questions </li></ul><ul><li>What was it before we got smart? </li></ul><ul><li>When did we get smart? </li></ul><ul><li>How do we know? </li></ul><ul><li>What caused us to get smart? </li></ul><ul><li>Is it contagious? </li></ul><ul><li>How long will it last? </li></ul><ul><li>How do you spell OOPS? </li></ul>
    12. 12. Stages of Applied Operational Research <ul><li>Pilot Studies </li></ul><ul><li>Pre-Test Studies </li></ul><ul><li>Trial Run Studies </li></ul><ul><li>Monitoring and Evaluation Studies </li></ul><ul><li>• Emphasis here is on fundamentals , so the stages are limited to what are deemed to be ‘must’ types of studies for non-trivial projects . </li></ul>
    13. 13. Research Variable Evaluation Criteria <ul><li>Pertinence </li></ul><ul><li>Support </li></ul><ul><li>Degree of difficulty </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge / information / data characteristics and features (status, ownership, openness, access, etc) of variables and about variables. </li></ul>
    14. 14. Research Variable Evaluation Criteria Knowledge/Information/Data Variables (cont.) <ul><li>Availability </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainability </li></ul><ul><li>Durability </li></ul><ul><li>Robustness </li></ul><ul><li>Reliability </li></ul><ul><li>Completeness </li></ul><ul><li>Marketability </li></ul>• Vigorous application of these criteria by the researcher, and/or by project evaluators (executives, electeds, professionals, citizens) is an effective and efficient means of moving from potential variables to essential and high priority variables.
    15. 15. Learning Triangles <ul><li>Learning Triangles have the capacity to get us beyond the simplistic to the necessary, but without unduly devilling us with details. </li></ul><ul><li>Learning Triangles cause and assist us to explicitly deal with essential relationships. </li></ul><ul><li>Learning Triangles can readily be turned into inter-linked chains, which is a powerful research device for comparing and contrasting concepts, variables, priorities, procedures, objectives, etc. </li></ul>
    16. 16. Key Learning Triangles: Project Evaluation <ul><li>Decisions / Values & Attitudes / Evidence </li></ul><ul><li>Outputs / Throughputs / Inputs </li></ul><ul><li>Structure / Function / Performance </li></ul><ul><li>Utility / Complexity / Reliability </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits / Costs / Alternatives </li></ul><ul><li>Pilot Study / Pre-Test / Trial Run </li></ul><ul><li>Scope / Scale / Functionality </li></ul>
    17. 17. Learning Triangles (cont.) Utility Complexity Sustainability Utility Sustainability Reliability Benefits Costs Risks Costs Risks Alternatives Complexity Sustainability Reliability Complexity Utility Reliability Benefits Risks Alternatives Benefits Costs Alternatives
    18. 18. THAT WAS THEN Context materials for a presentation on “Infrastructure” by Prof. B. Wellar at the 2001 Symposium, Shaping Ontario’s Urban Neighbourhoods, Hamilton Convention Centre, Hamilton, Ontario, May 5 and 6, 2001
    19. 19. THIS IS NOW Context materials for a presentation on “Infrastructure” by Prof. B. Wellar at the 2001 Symposium, Shaping Ontario’s Urban Neighbourhoods, Hamilton Convention Centre, Hamilton, Ontario, May 5 and 6, 2001
    20. 20. Walking Security Index <ul><li>The Walking Security Index was developed by Prof. B. Wellar for the City of Ottawa because … . </li></ul>

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