Geography and Geographic Informations Systems

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This presentation at the University of Ottawa's GIS Day in 2006 was prepared as part of the Geography Awareness Week program, Canadian Association of Geographers.The objectives of the presentation were to illustrate to secondary school and university students the importance of geography in understanding the social, economic, planning, development, environmental, political, and other affairs of the world from the local to the international scales, and outline how geographrapic information systems (GIS) technology and applications contribute to mapping, anaysing, synthesizing, and understanding these geography-related situations and relationships, and then to designing geographic-based solutions to these problems.

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Geography and Geographic Informations Systems

  1. 1. Geography and Geographic Information Systems (GIS): New Realities of Canada as An Emerging Information Society Dr. Barry Wellar, Professor (ret.), University of Ottawa, and Media Program Director Geography Awareness Week Canadian Association of Geographers Materials for a presentation at GIS Day 2006 University of Ottawa Department of Geography and Environmental Studies University of Ottawa November 15, 2006 University Centre
  2. 2. Images from the Doomsday Map Project: Ecological Disaster and Local Response <ul><li>Overexploitation risks survival of planet? </li></ul><ul><li>Rainforests: Their destruction a worldwide problem </li></ul><ul><li>Oil’s black death takes terrible toll </li></ul><ul><li>Coastal waters being used as toxic dump </li></ul>Makings of ‘The Doomsday Map’? Geography and Geographic Information Systems (GIS): New Realities of Canada as An Emerging Information Society
  3. 3. Makings of ‘The Doomsday Map’? <ul><li>100,000 eastern lakes hurt by acid rain </li></ul><ul><li>Cocktail of toxins threatens lake </li></ul><ul><li>More PCB-laced oil spills in river feared </li></ul><ul><li>It’s not cool to kill the ozone </li></ul><ul><li>A warning on warming </li></ul>Images from the Doomsday Map Project: Ecological Disaster and Local Response Geography and Geographic Information Systems (GIS): New Realities of Canada as An Emerging Information Society
  4. 4. Images from the Doomsday Map Project: Ecological Disaster and Local Response <ul><li>1989 one of the hottest years </li></ul><ul><li>A warning on warming </li></ul><ul><li>Here’s a crash course on the Greenhouse effect </li></ul><ul><li>Greenhouse effect starts to make Washington sweat </li></ul><ul><li>British cities could drown </li></ul><ul><li>US drought becoming a threat to our water </li></ul>Makings of ‘The Doomsday Map’? Geography and Geographic Information Systems (GIS): New Realities of Canada as An Emerging Information Society
  5. 5. Images from the Doomsday Map Project: Ecological Disaster and Local Response Makings of ‘The Doomsday Map’? <ul><li>Dirty air threatens one billion </li></ul><ul><li>Metro choking on auto fumes hearings warned </li></ul><ul><li>Mexico City population now ‘irreversible’ </li></ul><ul><li>Air pollution killing Europeans secret report says </li></ul>Geography and Geographic Information Systems (GIS): New Realities of Canada as An Emerging Information Society
  6. 6. Images from the Doomsday Map Project: Ecological Disaster and Local Response Makings of ‘The Doomsday Map’? <ul><li>Third world becomes toxic dumping ground </li></ul><ul><li>State looking for ‘candidates’ to store toxics </li></ul><ul><li>Garbage: Viable disposal plan an elusive </li></ul><ul><li>goal after 20 years </li></ul>Geography and Geographic Information Systems (GIS): New Realities of Canada as An Emerging Information Society
  7. 7. Images from the Doomsday Map Project: Ecological Disaster and Local Response Makings of ‘The Doomsday Map’? <ul><li>Destroying a habitat: a threat to Hawaii </li></ul><ul><li>Saving the wetlands </li></ul><ul><li>A shrinking nesting ground </li></ul><ul><li>The death of open spaces </li></ul><ul><li>A shrinking parkway </li></ul><ul><li>Open space plan called skimpy </li></ul>Geography and Geographic Information Systems (GIS): New Realities of Canada as An Emerging Information Society
  8. 8. Images from the Doomsday Map Project: Ecological Disaster and Local Response Makings of ‘The Doomsday Map’? <ul><li>Urban sprawl: Many cities fight back </li></ul><ul><li>Plaza site permits let dozers roll </li></ul><ul><li>Fighting the concrete jungle </li></ul><ul><li>Choking on success </li></ul><ul><li>Auto-maker: don’t let cars destroy our cities </li></ul><ul><li>Neighbours fight towering development </li></ul>Geography and Geographic Information Systems (GIS): New Realities of Canada as An Emerging Information Society
  9. 9. Images from the Doomsday Map Project: Ecological Disaster and Local Response Makings of ‘The Doomsday Map’? <ul><li>New Jersey’s folly could teach us a lesson </li></ul><ul><li>LA pays price for poor planning </li></ul><ul><li>City pan called recipe for disaster </li></ul><ul><li>Group’s pan Ottawa’s new official plan </li></ul><ul><li>Battle looms over future of downtown </li></ul><ul><li>Development in state carefully planned </li></ul>Geography and Geographic Information Systems (GIS): New Realities of Canada as An Emerging Information Society
  10. 10. Images from the Doomsday Map Project: Ecological Disaster and Local Response Geography and Geographic Information Systems (GIS): New Realities of Canada as An Emerging Information Society
  11. 11. Images from the Doomsday Map Project: Ecological Disaster and Local Response Geography and Geographic Information Systems (GIS): New Realities of Canada as An Emerging Information Society
  12. 12. Images from the Doomsday Map Project: Ecological Disaster and Local Response Geography and Geographic Information Systems (GIS): New Realities of Canada as An Emerging Information Society
  13. 13. Images from the Doomsday Map Project: Ecological Disaster and Local Response Geography and Geographic Information Systems (GIS): New Realities of Canada as An Emerging Information Society
  14. 14. Images from the Doomsday Map Project: Ecological Disaster and Local Response Geography and Geographic Information Systems (GIS): New Realities of Canada as An Emerging Information Society
  15. 15. Images from the Doomsday Map Project: Ecological Disaster and Local Response Geography and Geographic Information Systems (GIS): New Realities of Canada as An Emerging Information Society
  16. 16. Images from the Doomsday Map Project: Ecological Disaster and Local Response Geography and Geographic Information Systems (GIS): New Realities of Canada as An Emerging Information Society
  17. 17. Images from the Doomsday Map Project: Ecological Disaster and Local Response Geography and Geographic Information Systems (GIS): New Realities of Canada as An Emerging Information Society
  18. 18. Images from the Doomsday Map Project: Ecological Disaster and Local Response The Geographer’s Lament With too many wrong things In too many wrong places, We have just about ________ All our life support spaces Geography and Geographic Information Systems (GIS): New Realities of Canada as An Emerging Information Society
  19. 19. Geography and Geographic Information Systems: Combining to Create a Spatially-Aware Information Society Geography and Geographic Information Systems (GIS): New Realities of Canada as An Emerging Information Society
  20. 20. Figure 1. Geography, the Media, and the Pursuit and Application of Data, Information and Knowledge to Create a Spatially-Aware Information Society (1): Components   Geography and Geographic Information Systems (GIS): New Realities of Canada as An Emerging Information Society
  21. 21. Figure 2. Geography, the Media, and the Pursuit and Application of Data, Information and Knowledge to Create a Spatially-Aware Information Society (2): Connections   Geography and Geographic Information Systems (GIS): New Realities of Canada as An Emerging Information Society
  22. 22. Figure 3. Geography, the Media, and the Pursuit and Application of Data, Information and Knowledge to Create a Spatially-Aware Information Society (3): The Typology of Stories Geography and Geographic Information Systems (GIS): New Realities of Canada as An Emerging Information Society
  23. 23. Table 1. Terms and Concepts Which Underlie the Work of the Geographic Community, and Indicate the Potential for Creating A Spatially-Aware Information Society Concentric Connect (ion/ivity) Contiguous Continent(al) Conurbation Coordinates Core Correlation Countryside Density Diffusion Dimension Disperse(ion) Distance Distribution Edge Effect Elevation Encroach(ment) Environment Everywhere Extrusion Far Field Fjord Flow(s) Form Fringe Function(al/ity) Geocode Geodetic Geofactor Geographic Geomatic Geometric Geopolitical Georeference Geospatial GIS/GISSc Global(ization) Grid Gridlock Habitat Hinterland Interaction Intersection Intrusion Island Isolate(ion) Land Landscape Latitude Line Link Locality Location Local(ization) Longitude Map Margin(al) Meridian Migration Morphology Movement Nation(al/ization) Near(ness) Neighbor Network NIMBY Node Nowhere Object Orientation Origin Overlay Parcel Partition Path Pattern Pedshed Perimeter Periphery Place Plain Plane Point Pole(ar/ity) Polygon(al) Proximity Quadrangle Quadrant Region Relation(ship) Right-of-way Route Rural Scale Segregate(ion) Shape Shed Site Situation Slope Somewhere Space Spatial Sphere Sprawl Spread Strip Structure Surface System Territory Topographic Topology(ic) Urban(ex/sub) Vector Walkshed Ward Warren Watershed Where YIMBY Zone Accessible (ity) Adjacent(cy) Agglomerate (ion) Aggregate(ion) Along(side) Amalgamate(ion) Anywhere Arc Area(polygon) Around Association Block Border Boundary Buffer Cause(al/ity) Center Centrality Circle Close(ness) Clump Cluster Coastal Commutershed Concentrate(ion) Geography and Geographic Information Systems (GIS): New Realities of Canada as An Emerging Information Society
  24. 24. Table 2. Ten of the Most Critical Geographic Terms and Concepts Underlying GIS Applications that Advance Canada as a Spatially-Aware Information Society Geography and Geographic Information Systems (GIS): New Realities of Canada as An Emerging Information Society Interaction Linkage Pattern Relationship System Accessibility Causality Connection Density Functionality
  25. 25. Figure 4. The Data-Information-Knowledge Transform Process: Simple Model Geography and Geographic Information Systems (GIS): New Realities of Canada as An Emerging Information Society
  26. 26. How Are Geographers and the GIS Community Helping Canada to Advance as a Spatially-Aware Information Society? Geography and Geographic Information Systems (GIS): New Realities of Canada as An Emerging Information Society
  27. 27. http://www.cag-acg.ca/en/ www.gisday.com www.geomatics.uottawa.ca/gisday http://www.ccge.org/ccge/english/Newsletter/symposium_june 2005.asp Check Out the Following Sources References For information about the sources used for this presentation contact B. Wellar at [email_address] Geography and Geographic Information Systems (GIS): New Realities of Canada as An Emerging Information Society

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