Traditional Chinese Medicinal
   Plants: An Introduction
            Chunlin Long

    Kunming Institute of Botany,
   Chi...
Three Talks

I-Introduction. Monday, 13 Oct.
II-Chinese Medicinal Plant Resources for
Mouth Disorders. Wednesday, 15 Oct.
...
Tropical rainforest in
southern and SW China
Subtropical forests
Desert and arid or semi-arid region in NW China
Nitraria sibirica,
Zygophyllaceae,
occurring in the
desert
Alpine vegetation
Rich flora and fauna in China
                    Rank 3rd
Rich cultural diversity in China

Top 5
Rich traditional knowledge in China
What’s Traditional Chinese
   Medicinal Plant (TCMP)?
TCMP: refers to medicinal plants under
guidance of Chinese medicinal...
Panax ginseng root
Panax ginseng plantation
  in Northeast China
Salvia miltiorrhiza
Salvia miltiorrhiza, its special flower structure for pollination
Panax nodoginseng
plantation in
southwest China
Fruits of Panax
 notoginseng
TCMP: Why Important?
Trade quantum: USD $40 billions/year
Population involved: over 1 billion
Countries/regions benefited:...
Development Dynamics

   Healthy
   Historical
   Social
   Economic
   Cultural
   Political
Philosophy of TCMP:
     harmony, balance
TCM: 阴Yin, 阳Yang, 气Qi (shady, sunny,
and affected through network)
TCM: 五行Five E...
Nature of TCMP
 Four drug “QIs”:
四气:是指寒、热、温、凉四种不同的
 药性


Cold-Qi
Hot-Qi
Warm-Qi
Cool-Qi
Neutral
Nature of TCMP
     Five taste “QIs”
五味:指辛、甘、酸、苦、咸五种不同
 的药味。

Acrid-Qi
Sweet-Qi
Sour-Qi
Bitter-Qi
Salty-Qi
Nature of TCMP
       Other “QIs”
升降浮沉:药物在治疗作用中的趋向
 Upward-Qi
 Downward-Qi
 Outward-Qi
 Inward-Qi
归经Gui-jing:药物归向以五脏为核心的
 ...
TCMP: Some Examples




Camellia reticulata


   Lamiophlmis rotata
Verbena officinalis, Verbenaceae
  The whole plant
  Mild Cold-Qi; Bitter taste-Qi; Organs
  emphasized: Liver and spleen
...
Verbena officinalis
Verbena officinalis
Paeonia spp., Paeoniaceae
The root bark
Mild Cold-Qi; Bitter taste-Qi; Organ
emphasized: Liver
Chemicals: paeoniflorin; al...
Lonicera japonica, Caprifoliaceae
  Flowers (and vine stem)
  Cold-Qi; Sweet taste-Qi; Organs
  emphasized: Lung, stomach ...
Lonicera japonica
Lonicera sp., taken from Christiansburg, Virginia
Lonicera sp., taken from Christiansburg, Virginia
Lycoris radiata, Amaryllidaceae
 Bulb
 Warm-Qi; Acrid taste-Qi and sweet-Qi;
 Poisonous
 Chemicals: Lycorine, C16H17O4N;
 ...
Lycoris radiata
Lycoris radiata
Belamcanda chinensis, Iridaceae
  Rhizome
  Cold-Qi; Bitter taste-Qi; Organs
  emphasized: Lung and liver
  Chemicals: She...
Belamcanda chinensis
Belamcanda chinensis
Arisaema spp. Araceae
Tuber/corm/rhizome of Arisaema or Pinellia
Warm-Qi; Acrid taste-Qi, Bitter taste-Qi;
Poisonous; Orga...
Arisaema
erubescence
Arisaema
erubescence
Arisaema
franchetianum
Arisaema
yunnanense
Arisaema
heterophyllum
Pinellia ternata,
 its tubers are
 also used as
    Arisaema
Conclusions
TCMP, an important medicinal resource
TCMP/TCM, with its own nature/
philosophy (harmony and balance),
simple ...
Acknowledgements
Prof. Gregory Welbaum
My staff and students
Natural Science Foundation of China
(30170102)
Natural Scienc...
Research Group for Biodiversity and Plant Resources
Please visit our web: www.softyoung.com/biodiversity
chunlinlong@hotmail.com
Or: long@mail.kib.ac.cn
1 Traditional Chinese Herbal Medicine
1 Traditional Chinese Herbal Medicine
1 Traditional Chinese Herbal Medicine
1 Traditional Chinese Herbal Medicine
1 Traditional Chinese Herbal Medicine
1 Traditional Chinese Herbal Medicine
1 Traditional Chinese Herbal Medicine
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

1 Traditional Chinese Herbal Medicine

1,271

Published on

Notes from Medicinal Plants class at Virginia Tech. This lecture was developed in collaboration with Dr. Chunlin Long of the Kunming Botanical Institute China and is part of a collaborative project funded by the office of International Agricultural Development at Virginia Tech.

Published in: Health & Medicine, Business
0 Comments
5 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,271
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
93
Comments
0
Likes
5
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

1 Traditional Chinese Herbal Medicine

  1. 1. Traditional Chinese Medicinal Plants: An Introduction Chunlin Long Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences And Central University for Nationalities Virginia Tech, October 2008
  2. 2. Three Talks I-Introduction. Monday, 13 Oct. II-Chinese Medicinal Plant Resources for Mouth Disorders. Wednesday, 15 Oct. III-Herbs for Medicinal Baths among the Yao Communities in China. Friday, 17 Oct.
  3. 3. Tropical rainforest in southern and SW China
  4. 4. Subtropical forests
  5. 5. Desert and arid or semi-arid region in NW China
  6. 6. Nitraria sibirica, Zygophyllaceae, occurring in the desert
  7. 7. Alpine vegetation
  8. 8. Rich flora and fauna in China Rank 3rd
  9. 9. Rich cultural diversity in China Top 5
  10. 10. Rich traditional knowledge in China
  11. 11. What’s Traditional Chinese Medicinal Plant (TCMP)? TCMP: refers to medicinal plants under guidance of Chinese medicinal theory TCMP: Plant species (taxa), 11146 spp. And 1581 animals and 80 minerals are also used as medicine. In total: 12807 spp. Mono-prescription, eg. Ginseng slice Multi-prescription, eg. Compound salvia tablet (including Salvia miltiorrhiza, Panax notoginseng, and crystal sugar)
  12. 12. Panax ginseng root
  13. 13. Panax ginseng plantation in Northeast China
  14. 14. Salvia miltiorrhiza
  15. 15. Salvia miltiorrhiza, its special flower structure for pollination
  16. 16. Panax nodoginseng plantation in southwest China
  17. 17. Fruits of Panax notoginseng
  18. 18. TCMP: Why Important? Trade quantum: USD $40 billions/year Population involved: over 1 billion Countries/regions benefited: Japan, Korea, SE Asia, Europe, and China Demands in China: 600 million tons/year Species number: 12807 spp. Development history: over 4000 years Management: an authority from central to county level in China, Administrative of Traditional Chinese Herbal Medicine
  19. 19. Development Dynamics Healthy Historical Social Economic Cultural Political
  20. 20. Philosophy of TCMP: harmony, balance TCM: 阴Yin, 阳Yang, 气Qi (shady, sunny, and affected through network) TCM: 五行Five Elements, namely 金Jin, 木 Mu, 水Shui, 火Huo, 土Tu (metal, wood, water, fire, and soil) TCMP: To use herbs to restore harmony and balance disorders
  21. 21. Nature of TCMP Four drug “QIs”: 四气:是指寒、热、温、凉四种不同的 药性 Cold-Qi Hot-Qi Warm-Qi Cool-Qi Neutral
  22. 22. Nature of TCMP Five taste “QIs” 五味:指辛、甘、酸、苦、咸五种不同 的药味。 Acrid-Qi Sweet-Qi Sour-Qi Bitter-Qi Salty-Qi
  23. 23. Nature of TCMP Other “QIs” 升降浮沉:药物在治疗作用中的趋向 Upward-Qi Downward-Qi Outward-Qi Inward-Qi 归经Gui-jing:药物归向以五脏为核心的 经络联通的身体各组织部分 Em-stem of neurovaso-Qiduot
  24. 24. TCMP: Some Examples Camellia reticulata Lamiophlmis rotata
  25. 25. Verbena officinalis, Verbenaceae The whole plant Mild Cold-Qi; Bitter taste-Qi; Organs emphasized: Liver and spleen Chemicals: Verbenalin, C17H24O10; Berbenalol, C11H14O5; Adenosine, C10H13O4N5; etc. Dosage: 15-31 grams, decoction Ailments: Schistosomiasis; Malaria; Tumefaction of liver or spleen; etc.
  26. 26. Verbena officinalis
  27. 27. Verbena officinalis
  28. 28. Paeonia spp., Paeoniaceae The root bark Mild Cold-Qi; Bitter taste-Qi; Organ emphasized: Liver Chemicals: paeoniflorin; albiflorin; lactiflorin; daucosterol; etc. Dosage: 15-31 grams, decoction Ailments: Schistosomiasis; Malaria; Tumefaction of liver or spleen; etc. Combined medicine: Angelica sinensis; Bupleurum chinense; Ligusticum chuanxiong; etc.
  29. 29. Lonicera japonica, Caprifoliaceae Flowers (and vine stem) Cold-Qi; Sweet taste-Qi; Organs emphasized: Lung, stomach and heart Chemicals: Luteolin, C15H10O6; Lonicein, C27H30O15·2H2O; Loniceraflavone, C15H10O5; Loanin, C17H26O16; etc. Dosage: flower 9-15 g, stem 9-31 g, decoction Ailments: rheum; parotitis; enteritis; etc. Combined medicine: Isatis tinctoria; Forsythia suspensa; Mentha spp.; etc.
  30. 30. Lonicera japonica
  31. 31. Lonicera sp., taken from Christiansburg, Virginia
  32. 32. Lonicera sp., taken from Christiansburg, Virginia
  33. 33. Lycoris radiata, Amaryllidaceae Bulb Warm-Qi; Acrid taste-Qi and sweet-Qi; Poisonous Chemicals: Lycorine, C16H17O4N; Galanthamine, C17H21O3N; Lycoramine, C17H23O3N; Tazettine, C18H21O5N; etc. Dosage: 1.5-3 g, surface sprending; or decoction Ailments: furuncle; food poisoning; icterus; etc.
  34. 34. Lycoris radiata
  35. 35. Lycoris radiata
  36. 36. Belamcanda chinensis, Iridaceae Rhizome Cold-Qi; Bitter taste-Qi; Organs emphasized: Lung and liver Chemicals: Shekanin, C22H22O11; Belamcandin, C24H24O12; Iridin, C24H26O13·H2O; etc. Dosage: 3-6 g, decoction Ailments: tracheitis; faucitis; parotitis; etc. Combined medicine: Platycodon grandiflorus; Scutellaria baicalensis; Glycyrrhiza uralensis; etc.
  37. 37. Belamcanda chinensis
  38. 38. Belamcanda chinensis
  39. 39. Arisaema spp. Araceae Tuber/corm/rhizome of Arisaema or Pinellia Warm-Qi; Acrid taste-Qi, Bitter taste-Qi; Poisonous; Organs emphasized: Lung, liver and spleen Chemicals: sapons; etc. Dosage: 3-9 g, decoction after processed; or surface sprending Ailments: apoplexy; falling sickness; rheumatism; etc. Combined medicine: Saposhnikovia divaricata; Angelica dahurica; dry ginger; etc.
  40. 40. Arisaema erubescence
  41. 41. Arisaema erubescence
  42. 42. Arisaema franchetianum
  43. 43. Arisaema yunnanense
  44. 44. Arisaema heterophyllum
  45. 45. Pinellia ternata, its tubers are also used as Arisaema
  46. 46. Conclusions TCMP, an important medicinal resource TCMP/TCM, with its own nature/ philosophy (harmony and balance), simple but systematic TCMP, mostly in the forms of multi- prescription/combination Many TCMPs are also edible TCMP, modernization by revealing its chemicals and mechanisms TCMP, for human health and welfare
  47. 47. Acknowledgements Prof. Gregory Welbaum My staff and students Natural Science Foundation of China (30170102) Natural Science Foundation of Yunnan Province (2001C0058M & 2005C0053M) Ministry of Science & Technology of China (2004DKA30430, 2005DKA21006) Ministry of Education of China (CUN- 985-3-3, B08044)
  48. 48. Research Group for Biodiversity and Plant Resources Please visit our web: www.softyoung.com/biodiversity
  49. 49. chunlinlong@hotmail.com Or: long@mail.kib.ac.cn
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×