Escaped from slavery Wrote: Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, An American Slave (1845) Started his own abolitionist newspaper: The North Star Leader in abolitionist movement A powerful and talented speaker
Frederick talks about how his arguments against slavery are based on the harm it does to the humans being enslaved. He brings up the fact that his views are not shared by everyone who opposes slavery.
[The Liberty Party] makes a clean sweep of slavery everywhere. It denies that slaver is, or can be legalized. It denies that the Constitution of the United States is a pro-slavery instrument, and asserts the power and duty of the Federal Government to abolish slavery in every State of the Union. Strictly speaking, I say this is the only party in the country which is an abolition party…
…the Liberty Party, by its position and doctrines, and by its antecedents, is pledged to continue the struggle while a bondman in his chains remains to weep. Upon its platform must the great battle of freedom be fought out- if upon any short of the bloody field. It must be under no partial cry of "no union with slaveholders;" nor selfish cry of "no more slavery extension;" but it must be, "no slavery for man under the whole heavens."
The slave as a man and a brother, must be the vital and animating thought and impulse of any movement, which is to effect the abolition of slavery in this country. Our anti-slavery organizations must be brought back to this doctrine, or they will be scattered and left to wander, and to die in the wilderness, like Gods ancient people, till another generation shall come up, more worthy to go up and possess the land.
Slavery was big-business It made rich whites richer, and poor whites poorer All the good land would go to the rich slave owners Slavery wasn’t good for industrial progress Industrial workers could buy stuff made in their factory, thus helping the company grow Slaves didn’t get money, so they couldn’t buy stuff Slavery pushed wages down for the working class With the ‘free’ labor source of slavery to compete with, working class whites could only hope for very low wages Big-business slave plantations could sell their products at lower prices than independent farmers could
More free states wouldmean the North wouldhave more power inCongress …to decide issues like…
North South Industrial Agrarian Anti- Federalists Federalists Tariffs No tariffs
North South HELPED HURT NORTHERN SOUTHERN ECONOMY ECONOMY British imports Southerners had became too to pay more for expensive industrial goods People bought Britain bought goods made in less cotton from U.S.A. South
Hmmm… What were Frederick Douglass’ arguments against slavery? What were some of the other arguments against slavery? (big business) (working class whites) What is a tariff? Why were southerners upset about tariffs? What did you learn about how slavery related to the Civil War?
Pictures of Frederick Douglass http://gardenofpraise.com/ibdfdoug.htm http://www.robinlea.com/wordpress/2011/03/15/power- concedes-nothing-without-a-demand-frederick- douglas/ Tariff diagram http://www.mrvanduyne.com/jackson/html/tariff.htm Tariff of Abominations video clip http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0QVur0cRs7A (clip art from Microsoft Works)