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  • Thank you for the opportunity to speak to the AIC today on the topic of government-wide IPv6 implementation.
  • IPv4 was developed 20 years ago. IPv6 is a new version of IP protocol which overcomes many of the limitations of IPv4, in particular, the global shortage of IP addresses.
    Since it takes one or more IP addresses to make a device internet-enabled, this shortage has constrained the use of the Internet world-wide, and has slowed down the development of new internet-enabled devices, applications, and services.
    Although the IT community has come up with workarounds for this shortage (such as implementing NATs - Network Address Translation mechanisms) - IPv6 is the true answer to this problem. IPv4 provides the world with only 4 billion IP addresses, while IPv6 will provide undecillion (1036) addresses. With IPv6, the number of available IP addresses will be practically unlimited.
  • There are several reasons that IPv6 transition has been mandated for all Federal government agencies.
    International competition
    Lead by example
    Serve as market catalyst
    But most importantly, IPv6 will create a new communication paradigm. IPv6 is going to allow the Federal government to adopt entirely new business capabilities that it was unable to do before. With more available IP addresses, and the increased mobility features of IPv6, agencies will be able to do things like……TBD
  • IPv6 has several key technological features that are considered superior to IPv4.
    New header format – IPv6 improves network performance by reducing packet size.
    Efficient routing – Designed so Internet backbone routers will have much smaller routing tables.
    Integrated security – Any computer running IPv6 will support IPSec encryption, regardless of O/S. IPSec is mandatory in IPv6, where it was only optional in IPv4.
    Larger address space – Every device in the world can have an IP address with IPv6.
    Standardized QoS – With IPv6, QoS can still function even if the packet body is encrypted. We can therefore more effectively transmit encrypted audio and video files.
    Auto-configuration - 128-bit address structure allows for device auto-configuration (“plug and play”).
  • Regardless of how many new features IPv6 has, the real question agencies should be asking is, “What are the business benefits of IPv6? What will IPv6 give me that I can’t already do today?”
    While IPv6 has many new features, the benefits of IPv6 can be boiled down into three (3) key categories:
    Improved network performance and reduced network admin burden - And although invisible to end-users, IPv6 will make network management less cumbersome, less costly, and more secure in the long run.
    Enhanced mobility - IPv6 also allows computer and internet-device users to be more mobile, and stay connected to the internet – and to each other. For example, IPv6 is better able to support “Care of Addressing (CoA)”. CoA is similar to the post office re-routing your mail from your home to another location. With IPv6, a user can remove their laptop from their home network, and move it into another network, with no interruption in connectivity. CoA was not supported by IPv4 due to the limited number of IP addresses. This is extremely important to organizations whose employees are likely to operate away from their home networks, such as emergency first responders, war fighters, intelligence operatives, and other types of field agents.
    More devices can be internet-enabled: It often takes several IP addresses to make a single device internet-enabled. With the increased public and private sector demand for “smart devices” such as internet-enabled refrigerators, microwaves, and military equipment, we are running out of IP addresses. With IPv6, this shortage will be eliminated and more devices can be connected to the internet. Practically EVERYTHING will be addressable… (NEED EXAMPLES OF INNOVATIVE USE OF INTERNET HERE)
    Note: IPv4 supports only 4.2 billion IP addresses, while IPv6 supports about 340 undecillion (3.4 × 1038) addresses.
  • Chapter I focuses solely on how agencies should update their enterprise architecture to reflect the new capabilities
  • Chapter I focuses solely on how agencies should update their enterprise architecture to reflect the new capabilities
  • Once a permanent IPv6 lead is identified by AIC, some of OMB’s coordination activities – such as publication of the DISA matrix and facilitation of DOC’s address acquisition - may be shifted either to the AIC or to the IPv6 working group.
  • Transcript

    • 1. 1 Government-wide IPv6 Oversight OMB & AIC Dick Burk OMB Chief Architect November 17, 2005
    • 2. 2 Agenda • What is IPv6? • What are the features of IPv6? • What are the benefits of IPv6? • OMB Memorandum 05-22 • What IPv6 guidance will be issued? • How do I integrate IPv6 into agency EA planning? • How will OMB be assessing agency progress with IPv6? • What else is being done to support agencies? • What are OMB and AIC roles and responsibilities? • Guiding principles for IPv6 implementation
    • 3. 3 What is IPv6? [ Please read the notes section for more detail ] • IPv6 is a new version of the Internet Protocol (IP) • “next generation internet” • Designed to overcome limitations of IPv4 - limited IP address space - constrained user mobility - cumbersome device configuration • Will enable expansion of “net-centric” devices, applications, and services • VoIP (Voice over IP) • Remote sensing • “Smart” devices
    • 4. 4 Why is the Federal government mandating IPv6? [ Please read the notes section for more detail ] •International competition – The U.S. must address the challenge from international competition (e.g. Asia, Europe) in IPv6 implementation. • Lead by example – Federal government agencies will serve as a model for U.S. enterprise IPv6 transformation. • Serve as market catalyst – Federal government adoption will spur innovation and development of IPv6 products in the marketplace. But most importantly… • Business drivers - IPv6 will enable a new communication paradigm for the Federal government.
    • 5. 5 What are the features of IPv6? [ Please read the notes section for more detail ] Key IPv6 Features Key IPv6 Features Improved Network Performance Improved Network Performance Larger Address Space Larger Address Space Standardized Quality of Service (QoS) Standardized Quality of Service (QoS) Device auto- configuration Device auto- configuration Integrated Security (IPSec) Integrated Security (IPSec) • 128 bit address • device “plug and play”• variable header size • mandatory IPSec • better audio/video transmission
    • 6. 6 What are the business benefits of IPv6? [ Please read the notes section for more detail ] New Business Capabilities Enhanced Mobility Ease of Network Administration Unlimited opportunity to bring new communication capabilities to the enterprise, such as internet-enabled: - medical, military, and first-responder devices - RFID tags - revenue collection and/or case management tools - environmental remote sensing - net-centric apps and services (e.g. VoIP) The possibilities are endless…
    • 7. 7 What does OMB Memorandum 05-22 instruct agencies to do? [ Please read the notes section for more detail ] 1. Identify an IPv6 agency lead 2. Develop a network backbone transition plan for IPv6 3. Complete two (2) inventories of IP-aware devices and technologies • First is due in February 2006 • Second is due in June 2006 4. Complete an IPv6 transition impact analysis 5. Complete an IPv6 progress report 6. Submit to OMB all of these items (with the exception of the second inventory) with their February 28, 2006 Enterprise Architecture assessment OMB Memorandum 05-22 directs agencies to successfully transition their network backbone to IPv6 by June 2008, and….
    • 8. 8 What IPv6 guidance will be published? [ Please read the notes section for more detail ]  Chapter I – Integrating IPv6 into EA Planning Activities (target date – 11/15/05) • Focus on EA planning and February 2006 EA submission  IPv6 Frequently Asked Questions (target date – 11/30/05) • Focus on compliance with 05-22  Chapter II – Developing an IPv6 Transition Plan (target date – 1/15/06) • Focus is on general transition planning, IA/security, applications, testing, and training; based on DoD best practices  Chapter III – Governance (target date – 2/15/06; exact date TBD)  Chapter IV – Acquisition/Procurement (target date – 2/28/06; exact date TBD) To assist agencies with development of their IPv6 transition plans, the AIC will be publishing guidance in several chapters, as well as an IPv6 “Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)” document. More in-depth, technical guidance will need to come out of an AIC-sponsored IPv6 working group…
    • 9. 9 How do I integrate IPv6 into EA planning? [ Please read the notes section for more detail ] Chapter I – Integrating IPv6 into EA Planning Activities  Identify strategic drivers and business uses for IPv6 at agency-level  Incorporate IPv6 (including new business capabilities) into IRM Strategic Plan  Update the Agency Enterprise Architecture to reflect new capabilities and technologies • Baseline architecture • Target architecture • EA transition strategy • Other EA documentation Chapter I of IPv6 guidance addresses these topics in more depth…
    • 10. 10 EA Transition and Sequencing Plans Segment Architecture Segment Architecture Segment Architecture Program A Program C Program B TargetEA Projects with Milestones and Dependencies Project 1 Project 2 Project 3 Project 4 Project 5 Project 6 Project 7 Project 8 Project 9 Project 10 Project 11 Project 12 Project 13 TransitionStrategy Performance Improvement Plan TransitionArchitecture Period 1 Period 2 Period 3 Agencies should integrate IPv6 with other infrastructure-related efforts. The EA Transition Strategy should reflect these interrelationships and milestones…
    • 11. 11 - Level 1 Practices Activities: Agency has assigned an official to lead and coordinate agency planning for IPv6 transition. Artifacts: Memorandum signed by the agency CIO documenting appointment and duties/responsibilities thereof Level 2 Practices Activities: agency has completed an inventory of existing routers, switches, hardware firewalls, and other IP-compliant devices and technologies.   Artifacts: Agency IP device inventory using guidance in attachment A, OMB M-05-22 Level 3 Practices Activities: agency has performed an impact analysis to determine fiscal and operational impacts and risks of migrating to IPv6.   Artifacts: Agency IPv6 impact analysis document using guidance in attachment B, OMB M-05-22 Level 4 Practices Activities: agency has developed an IPv6 transition plan and integrated this plan with the agency EA transition strategy.   Artifacts: Agency EA transition strategy with integrated IPv6 transition plan addressing areas listed in attachment C, OMB M-05-22. Level 5 Practices Activities: agency has migrated its network backbone to IPv6, and provided a capability for all its networks to interface with this backbone.   Artifacts: Agency SDLC (systems development lifecycle) artifacts documenting the updated network infrastructure. EA Assessment Framework 2.0 OMB will use EA Assessment Framework 2.0* to assess agency compliance with OMB Memorandum 05-22, and overall progress with IPv6 * Excerpted from EA Assessment Framework 2.0, still in draft form…
    • 12. 12 How will OMB assess agency IPv6 progress? [ Please read the notes section for more detail ] OMB Enterprise Architecture Assessment Framework 2.0 IPv6 Progress Report Agency EA Transition Strategy Agency IRM Strategic Plan OMB will look at:OMB will use: Specifically, OMB will be looking for establishment of IPv6 transition milestones, and progress against those milestones… IPv6 Device Inventories
    • 13. 13 What else is being done to support agencies? [ Please read the notes section for more detail ]  Communications • IPv6 portal (  Acquisition policy • FAR and DFAR cases opened  Address-space acquisition • Department of Commerce  Standards/guidelines • NIST standards (not funded yet) • DISA IPv6-capable requirements matrix
    • 14. 14 What still needs to be done? [ Please read the notes section for more detail ] Stand up an IPv6 Working Group (IPv6 agency leads and SMEs) to: • Lead development of more in-depth transition guidance • Coordinate inter-agency and stakeholder issues • Coordinate agency interoperability testing, where needed • Post and maintain IPv6 knowledge capital on IPv6 portal Agency IPv6-leads need to begin working with one another….
    • 15. 15 OMB & AIC Roles and Responsibilities [ Please read the notes section for more detail ] OMB • Compose Chapters II, III, and IV of IPv6 guidance with support from IPv6 SMEs, as needed. • Compose IPv6 FAQ. • Review IPv6 inventory device submissions; aggregate and redact for publication to industry. • Facilitate creation of FAR and DFAR cases for IPv6 acquisition. • Facilitate NIST publication of IPv6 standards. • Publish DISA IPv6-capable matrix as RFC. • Facilitate government-wide IP-address acquisition by Dept of Commerce. • Assess agency progress with IPv6 transition and compliance with Memorandum 05-22. AIC • Review and publish Chapters II, III, and IV of guidance to agencies. •Review and publish IPv6 FAQ to agencies. • Stand up and oversee IPv6 working group (agency IPv6 leads?). • Oversee development and publication of any additional IPv6 technical guidance or work products (coming from working group). IPv6 working group (and potentially IAC) will be tasked with additional responsibilities as deemed appropriate…
    • 16. 16 Guiding Principles for IPv6 Implementation [ Please read the notes section for more detail ] • IPv6 transition IS: • A strategic enterprise transformation • Focused on new business capabilities • Future-oriented – an opportunity for agencies to INNOVATE • Enterprise-architecture driven • An initiative that should be integrated with other infrastructure efforts (e.g. COOP, HSPD-12) • IPv6 transition IS NOT: • Just a network “upgrade” • Just the CIO’s problem
    • 17. 17 Some IPv6 Government Resources • - OMB IPv6 memorandum • - National Telecommunications and Information Administration; IPv6 white papers • – Defense Information Systems Agency IPv6 web site • - Department of Commerce • DoD IPv6 Transition Plan – Available upon request by agency IPv6 lead to OMB (Lew Olenick, 202-395-7188 or Debbie Pianko, 202-395-3081) • DoD IPv6 Program Manager Guide - Available upon request by agency IPv6 lead to OMB (Lew Olenick, 202-395-7188 or Debbie Pianko, 202-395- 3081)
    • 18. 18 Other IPv6 Resources • - Internet Engineering Task Force; IPv6 standards and internet operating protocols • • • Note: With exception of IETF, this does not imply sponsorship by OMB. Intended as knowledge resource only.