Aida Azirah Azizan
( 2 )
Leu Wei Ting
( 1 8 )
L i e w M e i Ta
( 1 9 )
O w n X i n Y i
( 2 5 )
Vivien Chan Jia Yi
Introduction of Jaisalmer
Actions or measures taken
Q and A Session
• Our goal is to find long-term solutions for
the droughts in the India and minimize the
damages of the crops by droughts.
• Jaisalmer is located at 26.92 N 70.9 E.
• It has an average elevation of 229 metres.
• Jaisalmer is situated on the border of India
and Pakistan in West Rajasthan.
• The maximum summer temperature is around
41.6 C while the minimum is 25 C.
• The maximum winter temperature is 23.6 C
while the minimum is 7.9 C.
• The average rainfall is 150 mm.
• Water is scarce and the average depth of the
wells is about 250 feet. The climate is dry and
• The Southwest Monsoon denotes the rainfall
received between June and September and
accounts for around 74% of the country’s
• Water vapor from the oceans is brought inland
by wind to regions where it is needed.
• When the amount of rainfall received is below
• When the amount of water vapour in the
atmosphere and the upward forcing of the air
mass containing that water vapour reduces,
the result is a drought.
• Over farming, excessive
irrigation, deforestation, and erosion a
impact the ability of the land to capture
and hold water
• Activities resulting in global climate
change also trigger droughts with a
substantial impact on agriculture
throughout the world.
• Global warming will result in the world
• Proposed solutions to global warming that
focus on more active techniques, solar
• Increase the number and severity of fires
• Immediate visible impact of monsoon failure
leading to drought is felt by the agricultural
• A shortage of raw material supplies to agro-based
• Reduced rural demand for industrial/consumer
products due to reduced agricultural incomes.
• Farmers are more likely to migrate during
drought because they do not have alternative
• Areas with populations that depend on farming as
a major food source are more vulnerable to
• The central government extends financial support
to cope with disasters
• Over 80% of the total money spent on relief by
the government comes from the Centre.
• Other countries will start collecting funds and
give it to them to aid them during the droughts.
• Dig holes in the ground to conserve water
• Dig more and deepen wells
• Use the water available wisely
•Digging more wells are not effective as
water will dry up during droughts.
•By asking the people in Jaisalmer to save
water is troublesome and some people might
not want to cooperate and instead waste
•Farmers have used tillage, or plowing, to control
weeds. Tillage, however, can have unintended
consequences that include greater wind and soil
erosion and significant water runoff—
consequences that can in turn reduce yields.
• Build an underground water storage
system so that the water collected
during the rainy season can be used
during droughts. The underground water
storage system can have a cover over it
and thus, water will not dry up.
• Reuse water
Example: Use bathing water to mop the
• Reusing water can help the victims to save
more water as well. By using the 3Rs’,
water will not be limited during droughts.