Geography Presentation(1)

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Geography Presentation(1)

  1. 1. Aida Azirah Azizan ( 2 ) Leu Wei Ting ( 1 8 ) L i e w M e i Ta ( 1 9 ) O w n X i n Y i ( 2 5 ) Vivien Chan Jia Yi
  2. 2. Introduction of Jaisalmer Causes Consequences Actions or measures taken Solutions Our suggestions Q and A Session
  3. 3. • Our goal is to find long-term solutions for the droughts in the India and minimize the damages of the crops by droughts.
  4. 4. • Jaisalmer is located at 26.92 N 70.9 E. • It has an average elevation of 229 metres. • Jaisalmer is situated on the border of India and Pakistan in West Rajasthan. • The maximum summer temperature is around 41.6 C while the minimum is 25 C. • The maximum winter temperature is 23.6 C while the minimum is 7.9 C. • The average rainfall is 150 mm. • Water is scarce and the average depth of the wells is about 250 feet. The climate is dry and healthy.
  5. 5. • The Southwest Monsoon denotes the rainfall received between June and September and accounts for around 74% of the country’s rainfall. • Water vapor from the oceans is brought inland by wind to regions where it is needed. • When the amount of rainfall received is below average • When the amount of water vapour in the atmosphere and the upward forcing of the air mass containing that water vapour reduces, the result is a drought.
  6. 6. • Over farming, excessive irrigation, deforestation, and erosion a impact the ability of the land to capture and hold water • Activities resulting in global climate change also trigger droughts with a substantial impact on agriculture throughout the world. • Global warming will result in the world rainfall. • Proposed solutions to global warming that focus on more active techniques, solar
  7. 7. • Increase the number and severity of fires • Immediate visible impact of monsoon failure leading to drought is felt by the agricultural sector. • A shortage of raw material supplies to agro-based industries. • Reduced rural demand for industrial/consumer products due to reduced agricultural incomes. • Farmers are more likely to migrate during drought because they do not have alternative food sources. • Areas with populations that depend on farming as a major food source are more vulnerable to drought-triggered famine.
  8. 8. Source:http://www.archives.qld.gov.au/exhibitions/vi Source:http://vrroomdev.naa.gov.au/print rtualexhibition/images/Cab%2010%20droughts%20 /?ID=19062 B4092.jpg
  9. 9. • The central government extends financial support to cope with disasters • Over 80% of the total money spent on relief by the government comes from the Centre. • Other countries will start collecting funds and give it to them to aid them during the droughts. • Dig holes in the ground to conserve water • Dig more and deepen wells • Use the water available wisely
  10. 10. •Digging more wells are not effective as water will dry up during droughts. •By asking the people in Jaisalmer to save water is troublesome and some people might not want to cooperate and instead waste more water. •Farmers have used tillage, or plowing, to control weeds. Tillage, however, can have unintended consequences that include greater wind and soil erosion and significant water runoff— consequences that can in turn reduce yields.
  11. 11. • Build an underground water storage system so that the water collected during the rainy season can be used during droughts. The underground water storage system can have a cover over it and thus, water will not dry up. • Reuse water Example: Use bathing water to mop the floor. • Reusing water can help the victims to save more water as well. By using the 3Rs’, water will not be limited during droughts.

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