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Cubism3
 

Cubism3

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    Cubism3 Cubism3 Presentation Transcript

    • Cubism Shu Wei 6 th Hour
    • What is Cubism?
      • 20th century avant-garde art movement
      • Cubist works are broken up, analyzed, and re-assembled
      • instead of depicting objects from one viewpoint, the artist depicts the subject from a multitude of viewpoints
    • Around that time…
      • Einstein develops theory of special relativity
      • Einstein explains Brownian motion and the Photoelectric effect
      • Third Law of Thermodynamics by Walther Nernst
      • Max Planck develops Quantum Hypothesis in 1900
    • Influences on Cubism
      • African Tribal art
      • Cézanne
      • Gauguin
    • Cézanne - Bibémus quarry
      • Break painted surface into small multifaceted areas of paint, emphasizing the plural viewpoint given by binocular vision
      • simplification of natural forms into cylinders, spheres, and cones.
    • Pablo Picasso
      • First Cubist Painter – created Les Demoiselles d’Avignon
      • Worked with Georges Braque until 1914
    • Les Demoiselles d’Avignon
      • Often called the first Cubist painting
      • Angular and disjointed body shapes.
      • Flat, two-dimensional picture plane.
    • Cubism is Born
      • French Art Critic Louis Vauxcelles coined term “Cubism” – Bizarre Cubiques
      • Ernst Gombrich - "the most radical attempt to stamp out ambiguity and to enforce one reading of the picture—that of a man-made construction, a coloured canvas."
    • Analytic Cubism
      • First phase of Cubism
      • 1909-1912
      • Monochrome brownish & neutral colors.
      • Took apart objects and “analyzed” them.
    • Portrait of Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler (1910)
      • Kahnweiler -Picasso and Braque’s first art dealer
    • Georges Braque
      • Took influences from Cézanne
      • Worked with Picasso until 1914
      • Experiment with collage & papier-colle
      • Violin & Candlestick (1910)
    • Juan Gris
      • Major Cubist Painter
      • “ Student” of Picasso
      • Painted with bright colors in the manner of Matisse
      • Portrait of Picasso (1912)
    • Hermetic (High) Cubism
      • Part of Analytic Cubism
      • Painting so abstracted that subject becomes unidentifiable
      • Picasso – Still Life with a Bottle of Rum (1911)
    • Transition to Synthetic Cubism
      • initiated by papiers collés – Glued paper
      • Construction process rather than the analytical process
      • Real-life materials represent “reality” better – closely connected to daily life.
      • Picasso – Three Musicians (1921)
    • Picasso-Still Life with Chair-Caning (1912)
    • Braque - Fruitdish with Glass (1912)
      • Papier collé and charcoal on paper.
    • Gris – The Sunblind (1914)
    • Cubist Sculptures
      • Developed in parallel with Cubist paintings.
      • 1909-early 1920s
      • Style rooted in Cézanne's reduction of objects into planes and geometric solids
      • Major sculptors include Otto Gutfreund, Raymond Duchamp-Villon
    • Gutfreund – Cellist (1912)
    • Duchamp-Villon – The Large Horse (1914)
    • Legacy of Cubism
      • Liberating formal concepts started by Cubism consequently influenced Dada and Surrealism
      • Influential to Artists pursuing abstraction in Europe, Russia, and America