Steps to Effective ParaphrasingDefinition 1. Read the passage.• Paraphrasing means 2. Make sure you understand the putting what you meaning. Reread if necessary. have read into your own words. 3. Set the passage aside, and write your paraphrase. Thinking aloud• You paraphrase by might be helpful. reading something, thinking 4. Check your paraphrase making sure about what it it is accurate. means, and then restating it in your 5. Use quotation marks to indicate own words. unique terms or phrases quoted exactly from the source. 6. Record the author and page number directly after your paraphrase.
Paraphrasing Tips• Think aloud as you look away from the text.• Focus on main idea.• Don’t worry about grammar! Restate idea first!• If you cannot paraphrase after reading, it is important to go back and reread to clarify information.• Review your paraphrase, looking for errors and completeness.
Sample:Original PassageAnnie Oakley’s life spanned years of tremendouschange for American women. By the time of herdeath in 1926, Americans were celebrating theliberated, urban focused, modern times of the JazzAge. Women had won the right to vote, wore lessrestrictive clothes, and followed a changing idealthat was loosening some of the restrictions onwomen’s roles and behavior that had reignedthrough the nineteenth century.
Incorrect ParaphrasingAnnie Oakley’s life spanned years of significantchanges for American women. By the time shedied in 1926 women had the vote, wore looserclothing and embraced the freedom from restrictive19th century roles and behaviors.(Sounds too much like the original passage. Thesentence structure is too similar to the originaltext.)
Correct ParaphrasingAs discussed in the biography on PBS’s AmericanExperience web page, sharpshooter Annie Oakley livedthrough a period of many liberating changes forwomen, from the Victorian era through the first quarter ofthe 20th century. Examples include voting rights, for womenas well as the freedom to wear comfortable and practicalclothing (Annie Oakley).Include on your Works Cited page:“Annie Oakley: In a Man’s World.” American Experience. 2006. PBS Online. 19 May 2008. <http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/oakley/sfeature/sf_excerpts.html>.