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Paragraph development workshop
Paragraph development workshop
Paragraph development workshop
Paragraph development workshop
Paragraph development workshop
Paragraph development workshop
Paragraph development workshop
Paragraph development workshop
Paragraph development workshop
Paragraph development workshop
Paragraph development workshop
Paragraph development workshop
Paragraph development workshop
Paragraph development workshop
Paragraph development workshop
Paragraph development workshop
Paragraph development workshop
Paragraph development workshop
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Paragraph development workshop

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  • 1. Paragraph Development <ul><li>Not as hard as this </li></ul>
  • 2. After this workshop, you should be able to . . . <ul><li>Define what a paragraph is </li></ul><ul><li>Enumerate the elements of a paragraph </li></ul><ul><li>Choose an appropriate topic sentence then come up with supporting details </li></ul><ul><li>Arrange details according to proper order of ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Come up with a paragraph concluding sentence </li></ul>
  • 3. What is a paragraph? <ul><li>Group of sentences that develop an idea </li></ul><ul><li>It has 5-12 sentences </li></ul>
  • 4. What’s in a paragraph? <ul><li>Topic Sentence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The main idea </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>located at the beginning of the paragraph </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Body </li></ul><ul><ul><li>supporting details </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Must relate to the sentence before </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Summary of information or </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conclusion of the information given </li></ul></ul>
  • 5. Steps in producing a paragraph <ul><li>Choose the topic </li></ul><ul><li>Narrow down the topic </li></ul><ul><li>Write down the topic sentence </li></ul><ul><li>Generate ideas/details for the body </li></ul><ul><li>Choose appropriate ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Arrange the ideas in order </li></ul><ul><li>Write the draft </li></ul><ul><li>Revise the draft </li></ul>
  • 6. Choosing a topic <ul><li>Topic is assigned </li></ul><ul><li>If not, then choose something you know </li></ul><ul><li>Too broad: cannot be contained in one paragraph </li></ul><ul><li>Too narrow: hard to come up with ideas that support TS </li></ul>
  • 7. Narrowing down the topic <ul><li>Not too general and not too specific </li></ul><ul><li>Example (too general): What is life? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>can write a whole book about this </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>must be explained in 5-12 sentences </li></ul></ul>
  • 8. Narrowing down the topic <ul><li>Example (too specific): We breathe in oxygen. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>hard to come up with supporting details about this </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Example (suitable enough): Why I love to go hiking? </li></ul>
  • 9. Writing the topic sentence <ul><li>Must be written in a complete sentence </li></ul><ul><li>Must be written as a statement: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Why do I love to go hiking? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I love to go hiking because I love being outdoors. </li></ul></ul>
  • 10. Body: Generating ideas/details <ul><li>Brainstorming: Technique that helps generate ideas. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Think about the TS and write down all relating things that come to mind </li></ul></ul>
  • 11. Ideas for the Topic Sentence <ul><li>I love to go hiking because I love being outdoors. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>When I hike, I see beautiful sights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When I hike, I get tired and faint. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When I hike, I get a good exercise </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I have a good time with friends I hike with. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I feel accomplished after each hike. </li></ul></ul>
  • 12. Choosing Appropriate Ideas <ul><li>Pick ideas that are most relevant to the TS </li></ul><ul><li>Not contradict, but support instead </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: When I hike, I get tired and faint. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This contradicts why I love hiking. </li></ul></ul>
  • 13. Arranging ideas in order <ul><li>Must arrange ideas in an order that make sense </li></ul><ul><li>Use one important idea after the TS </li></ul><ul><li>Use the less important ones in the middle of the paragraph </li></ul><ul><li>End with another important idea </li></ul>
  • 14. Example of arranging ideas: <ul><li>I love to go hiking because I love being outdoors. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>When I hike, I see beautiful sights 1 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When I hike, I get a good exercise 3 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I have a good time with friends I hike with. 2 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I feel accomplished after each hike. 4 </li></ul></ul>
  • 15. Draft: Write it <ul><li>I love to go hiking because I love being outdoors. When I am outdoors, I see beautiful sights. Seeing beautiful sceneries with a friend whom I hike with is amazing. Not only that hiking gives us a good time together, we also get a good exercise as we do it. And so, I feel accomplished after each hike. </li></ul>
  • 16. Revise <ul><li>After composing the paragraph, look it over and over </li></ul><ul><li>Make changes to make it more interesting and understandable </li></ul>
  • 17. Proofread and Edit <ul><li>Check for spelling and grammar mistakes </li></ul>
  • 18. Now it’s your turn to construct a paragraph <ul><li>Subject: ___________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Topic:______________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Topic Sentence:__________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Supporting Ideas: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>_______________ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>_______________ </li></ul></ul>

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