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Paragraph development workshop

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Transcript

  • 1. Paragraph Development
    • Not as hard as this
  • 2. After this workshop, you should be able to . . .
    • Define what a paragraph is
    • Enumerate the elements of a paragraph
    • Choose an appropriate topic sentence then come up with supporting details
    • Arrange details according to proper order of ideas
    • Come up with a paragraph concluding sentence
  • 3. What is a paragraph?
    • Group of sentences that develop an idea
    • It has 5-12 sentences
  • 4. What’s in a paragraph?
    • Topic Sentence
      • The main idea
      • located at the beginning of the paragraph
    • Body
      • supporting details
      • Must relate to the sentence before
    • Conclusion
      • Summary of information or
      • Conclusion of the information given
  • 5. Steps in producing a paragraph
    • Choose the topic
    • Narrow down the topic
    • Write down the topic sentence
    • Generate ideas/details for the body
    • Choose appropriate ideas
    • Arrange the ideas in order
    • Write the draft
    • Revise the draft
  • 6. Choosing a topic
    • Topic is assigned
    • If not, then choose something you know
    • Too broad: cannot be contained in one paragraph
    • Too narrow: hard to come up with ideas that support TS
  • 7. Narrowing down the topic
    • Not too general and not too specific
    • Example (too general): What is life?
      • can write a whole book about this
      • must be explained in 5-12 sentences
  • 8. Narrowing down the topic
    • Example (too specific): We breathe in oxygen.
      • hard to come up with supporting details about this
    • Example (suitable enough): Why I love to go hiking?
  • 9. Writing the topic sentence
    • Must be written in a complete sentence
    • Must be written as a statement:
      • Why do I love to go hiking?
      • I love to go hiking because I love being outdoors.
  • 10. Body: Generating ideas/details
    • Brainstorming: Technique that helps generate ideas.
      • Think about the TS and write down all relating things that come to mind
  • 11. Ideas for the Topic Sentence
    • I love to go hiking because I love being outdoors.
      • When I hike, I see beautiful sights
      • When I hike, I get tired and faint.
      • When I hike, I get a good exercise
      • I have a good time with friends I hike with.
      • I feel accomplished after each hike.
  • 12. Choosing Appropriate Ideas
    • Pick ideas that are most relevant to the TS
    • Not contradict, but support instead
      • Example: When I hike, I get tired and faint.
      • This contradicts why I love hiking.
  • 13. Arranging ideas in order
    • Must arrange ideas in an order that make sense
    • Use one important idea after the TS
    • Use the less important ones in the middle of the paragraph
    • End with another important idea
  • 14. Example of arranging ideas:
    • I love to go hiking because I love being outdoors.
      • When I hike, I see beautiful sights 1
      • When I hike, I get a good exercise 3
      • I have a good time with friends I hike with. 2
      • I feel accomplished after each hike. 4
  • 15. Draft: Write it
    • I love to go hiking because I love being outdoors. When I am outdoors, I see beautiful sights. Seeing beautiful sceneries with a friend whom I hike with is amazing. Not only that hiking gives us a good time together, we also get a good exercise as we do it. And so, I feel accomplished after each hike.
  • 16. Revise
    • After composing the paragraph, look it over and over
    • Make changes to make it more interesting and understandable
  • 17. Proofread and Edit
    • Check for spelling and grammar mistakes
  • 18. Now it’s your turn to construct a paragraph
    • Subject: ___________________
    • Topic:______________________
    • Topic Sentence:__________________
    • Supporting Ideas:
      • _______________
      • _______________