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Integrating Quotes
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Integrating Quotes

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  • 1.  
  • 2. Why use quotes in an essay?
    • Whom do you trust?
  • 3. Why use quotes in an essay?
    • Whom do you trust?
    When faced with the question, most people choose the doctor as opposed to the clown as someone they trust. Doctors are required to complete years of schooling/training and are required to take an oath. The white lab coat, the stethoscope, and the posture are symbols that we associate with credibility.
  • 4. Why use quotes in an essay?
    • Whom do you trust?
    Just as the doctor’s attire of a stethoscope and lab coat symbolizes credibility, a writer can use tools such as specific quotes from a text, the format of the paper, and correct punctuation/grammar to help convince the audience (the readers) that he is a credible writer.
  • 5. EFFECTIVE COMMUNICATION
    • The rhetorical triangle represents three important elements of effective argument and communication.
    • Ethos: Is the person making the argument credible?
    • Logos: Is the argument logical? Does it makes sense?
    • Pathos: Is the writer/speaker appealing to the emotions of the audience?
  • 6. Why use quotes in an essay?
    • Ethos: The credibility of the argument
    • A writer should use specific quotes from the text to support her point. It’s not enough to just explain an idea. Instead, use the actual words—a quote—from the book to help establish an argument.
    • When doing research, writers should bring in the work of other experts in the field to help establish credibility.
    • The writer should document the sources appropriately depending on the preferred style guide for the paper such as MLA or APA.
  • 7. How should I format the quotes? Think of the Quote Sandwich
    • First, you have to introduce the quote. This is your top piece of bread.
    • Second, use the quote. This is the “good stuff” in the middle of your sandwich.
    • Third, analyze the quote. This is your bottom piece of bread.
  • 8. How do you use quotes an essay?
    • Think of the parts of the sandwich!
    • Bread on top Introduce quote
    • Good stuff Quote
    • in the middle
    • Bread on Commentary on
    • bottom quote
  • 9. Structure for Analysis Paragraph
    •  
    • The first sentence should introduce the title and author.
    •  
    • The next few sentences should provide some general information leading up to the quote.
    •   
    • Right before the quote, use a signal phrase: The author explains, shows, states, argues, illustrates…
    •   Chose and insert a meaningful quote.
    • After the quote, provide a few sentences of commentary. Refer back to the reading log. The student may be able to use something she’s already written—something that was in the right column.
  • 10. Step 1: Introduce the author and book Dr. Torres explains in his article “Bad Dude Syndrome” that ______________. Writing in the journal Ethics & Society , Dr. Torres argues that _____ In his book _______ , X explores ____________. Adapted from: Graff, Gerald And Cathy Birkenstein. They Say, I Say . New York: Norton and Company. 2006. Print. Never assume that your audience already knows the work that you referring to even if the audience is your professor. Instead, imagine your audience is anyone on campus who may come across your work.
  • 11. Step 1: Introduce the author, book, and general overview of work
    • Title of Book: The Compadre
    • Author: Dr. Jose Torres
    • __________________________________________
    • In his book The Compadre , Dr. Torres explores the complexities of relationships.
  • 12. Step 2: Provide a few sentences of background/context leading up to the quote ________ tend to believe that____________ Conventional wisdom has it that___________ Society often thinks that ______________ __________ celebrates the fact that ___________emphasizes that
  • 13. Step 2: Provide a few sentences of background/context leading up to the quote In his book The Compadre , Dr. Torres explores the complexities of relationships. He emphasizes that friendships can be very difficult to keep up. Although intentions may be sincere, life can get in the way. One of the challenges can be communication.
  • 14. Step Three: Chose a meaningful quote and introduce it by using a signal phrase According to Dr. Torres, “____________________” (50). Dr. Torres states , “__________________________” (35). Dr. Torres complicates matters further when he writes that “__________” (56). The author demonstrates this concept “________” (4). Notice that the page number goes in parentheses followed by punctuation. A signal phrase is group of words that signals that a quote will be introduced Adapted from: Graff, Gerald And Cathy Birkenstein. They Say, I Say . New York: Norton and Company. 2006. Print.
  • 15. Choose different signal phrases to add variety
  • 16. Step Three: Introduce a quote by using a signal phrase In his book The Compadre , Dr. Torres explores the complexities of relationships. He emphasizes that friendships can be very difficult to keep up. Although intentions may be sincere, life can get in the way. One of the challenges can be communication. The author demonstrates this when the character “Joe, in a fit of rage, screams at his friend Sue” (Torres 4).
  • 17. Step 4: Provide commentary/analysis after the quote In other words, __________________ To put it another way,_________________ ____________ is important because_____________ Although ______________ may seem trivial, it is in fact crucial in terms of today’s concern over____________. Ultimately, what is at stake here is___________________ Adapted from: Graff, Gerald And Cathy Birkenstein. They Say, I Say . New York: Norton and Company. 2006. Print.
  • 18. Step 4: Provide commentary/analysis after the quote In his book The Compadre , Dr. Torres emphasizes the complexities of relationships. He suggests that friendships can be very difficult to keep up. Although intentions may be sincere, life can get in the way. One of the challenges can be communication. The author shows this when the character “Joe, in a fit of rage, screams at his friend Sue” (Torres 4). Ultimately what is at stake here is the relationship. When arguments turn into screaming matches, friendships can be damaged. Rather than screaming, friends should calmly explain their problems, which can perhaps preserve a friendship.
  • 19. Avoid the following mistakes
    • Failing to introduce the title of the work and the author.
    • Starting a sentence or (paragraph) with a quote. Remember, you need to introduce the quote using a signal phrase.
    • Ending a paragraph with a quote. Remember, you need to follow every quote with some of your own commentary or analysis. (This is the bottom piece of bread to your sandwich!)