A chronological résumé also can be troublesome in the following situations: - You have worked exclusively in one field and are applying for a job in a different profession. - You are seeking an entry-level position and have almost no work experience. - You have been a chronic job hopper and held most of your jobs for less than one year. - Your employment history has large gaps. The functional résumé - You are an entry-level job seeker with no significant work-related experience. - You are re-entering the work force after a lengthy absence and little of your work history has bearing on the kind of job you are trying to find. - You have held several jobs, but those jobs do not demonstrate professional growth. Advantages The chief advantage of a functional résumé is that it enables you to give prominence to those aspects of your background likely to be of special interest to would-be employers, such as experience in a particular industry or time spent working overseas. This format also shifts the focus away from aspects of your background -- long periods of unemployment, for example -- that might hurt your chances of getting by the initial screening process. Disadvantages The major disadvantage of functional résumés is that many employers view them with suspicion. While your strengths and accomplishments are important to a potential employer, most want to know what specific job you held that enabled you to demonstrate the skills you're describing. They also want to know how recent that experience was and, if possible, see some continuity. The combination résumé The combination résumé incorporates the best features of both chronological and functional résumés. Generally, it leads with a description of your functional skills and related qualifications, followed by a reverse-chronological employment history. - You are looking to change careers and want to highlight general skills that relate to your past jobs. - You have had no luck in getting past the screening process with a chronological résumé. - You are applying for a job that interests you and that you think you can handle, but the connection between your work history and that job is not particularly strong. Advantages The principal advantage of a combination résumé is that, like a functional résumé, it enables you to establish early on what you have accomplished in your career and what skills and attributes you can offer a potential employer. But because you also will include a description of your work history, you can defuse the suspicions that may arise when the information is omitted. Disadvantages The disadvantage of a combination résumé is that some employers -- those who prefer chronological résumés -- may assume that you are attempting to conceal certain aspects of your background. This is not a significant disadvantage, however, as combination résumés are becoming increasingly common. Ultimately, there is no one right format that you should use when writing your résumé. It might make sense to choose a certain layout for one prospective employer and a different one for another in order to best showcase your skills. But no matter which format you use , make sure your résumé looks professional, provides proof of real results and is targeted to the company's needs. The extra time you take to customize it will pay off by generating more interest from hiring managers.
Your (Professional) Life on Paper ULM Career Connections . . . Connecting bright minds with bright futures RESUMES
ULM Career Connections . . . Connecting bright minds with bright futures Resume Fast Facts
Most employers review a resume for an average of 10-30 seconds
Employers receive hundreds of resumes – and consider very few resumes to be excellent
80% of screening happens with the resume
Spelling errors and typos leave the highest negative impression with employers
84% of employers say that a resume should only be one page if you have less than 5 years’ experience
Use when career has an upward path and/or there are no long unemployment stretches
Functional (least preferred)
Focuses on skills you’ve attained
Use when career lacks an upwardly mobile path and/or there are gaps in employment history
Focuses on skills attained while providing a chronological listing of jobs
Use when you want to stress the skills obtained in various jobs rather than the positions themselves or the employment progression
ULM Career Connections . . . Connecting bright minds with bright futures
Format, Format, Format . . . ULM Career Connections . . . Connecting bright minds with bright futures Name, Contact Information Objective or Summary of Skills Education and Work – whichever is more impressive first (Include military service in work experience) Personal Details honors/activities/skills References referred to but not listed here
ULM Career Connections . . . connecting bright minds with bright futures The Heading
slightly larger font
may include school address
home and/or cell
make outgoing message appropriate
Make it professional!
Example: Jane M. Jones 500 Good University Road Good City, NC 89999 (919) 555-5999 [email_address]
ULM Career Connections . . . Connecting bright minds with bright futures Objective
Job objectives tell readers exactly what kind of job you are looking for.
c oncise & current
what job do you want?
at what company? or what kind of company?
no clich é s or flowery wording
more general for posted r é sum é s
Summary of Qualifications
This section allows you to show off your achievements that set you apart from the sea of other applicants.
years of experience
no more than four points
Example: A junior position in market research Example: Nine years of chemical industry experience Proven sales success for chemical products such as XYZ Bachelor’s degree in Chemistry; Master’s degree in Sales
ULM Career Connections . . . connecting bright minds with bright futures Education
List most recent school or degree first.
Do not list high school.
List institution name, location, years attended, and degree.
Graduation date should include year and semester.
For degrees in progress: “Anticipated Completion Date ____”
Degree may be written out or abbreviated.
(Be sure to use the accurate degree designation/title.)
List GPA and/or relevant courses if advantageous.
EXAMPLE EDUCATION Will receive Bachelor of Business Administration in Computer Information Systems , University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, LA, May 2009. Attended 2005-present. GPA: 3.25. Relevant Courses: Advanced Networking, Strategic Management, E-Commerce, Management Information Systems, Database Application Development, Intermediate Business Programming
ULM Career Connections . . . Connecting bright minds with bright futures Work Experience
List most recent first
Include company name, job title, and dates
Be specific about job functions and accomplishments
Use action verbs
Use present tense for current and past tense for previous jobs
No sentences or paragraphs
EXAMPLE WORK EXPERIENCE June 2001 - Present Smith Arts and Crafts Monroe, LA Sales Associate Specialize in customer service Handle money as cashier Order merchandise March 2001 - June 2001 Smith and Jones Law Office Monroe, LA Office Courier Delivered legal documents to courthouse, other law offices, and post office Filed legal documents Performed light computer system maintenance
ULM Career Connections . . . Connecting bright minds with bright futures Other
What Makes You Stand Out?
Use a separate page to list (or write “Available upon request”)
Always use a complimentary title (Mr., Ms., Dr.)
List organization, job title, complete address, phone, and email
EXAMPLE PERSONAL DETAILS Computer Skills Windows 95/98/XP, Windows Server 2003, Oracle, Visual Basic .NET, Microsoft Visual Studio .NET 2003, Office 2000 (Word, Excel, PowerPoint, Access) Honors Tuition Scholarship, University of Louisiana at Monroe, 2001-2002. Academic Scholarship, University of Louisiana at Monroe, 2001-2003. ACTIVITIES Served as Vice President of student chapter of Association of Information Technology Professionals. Presently working on database and web page projects for Monroe, LA, Police Department and for Louisiana Plumbers Association. REFERENCES See attached page.
ULM Career Connections . . . Connecting bright minds with bright futures
Use colored or printed paper
Include personal information (religion, marital status, etc.)
Put the word “Resume” at the top
Include salary information
Include reasons for leaving jobs
Include references on the same page as the resume
Include the word “I,” sentences, or paragraphs
Have any typos!
ULM Career Connections & Experiential Education Visit our website at www.ulm.edu/careerconnections Call us at 318-342-5338 or visit us at Library 314 Brenda Allen, Director Career Connections and Experiential Education Ann Bloxom Smith, Director Academic Internships Alberta Brown Green, Career Advisor Roslynn Pogue Student Employment Administrator
Thank you for attending this session and good luck with your job search!