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Intro to Art
Intro to Art
Intro to Art
Intro to Art
Intro to Art
Intro to Art
Intro to Art
Intro to Art
Intro to Art
Intro to Art
Intro to Art
Intro to Art
Intro to Art
Intro to Art
Intro to Art
Intro to Art
Intro to Art
Intro to Art
Intro to Art
Intro to Art
Intro to Art
Intro to Art
Intro to Art
Intro to Art
Intro to Art
Intro to Art
Intro to Art
Intro to Art
Intro to Art
Intro to Art
Intro to Art
Intro to Art
Intro to Art
Intro to Art
Intro to Art
Intro to Art
Intro to Art
Intro to Art
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Intro to Art


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  • 1. Art Appreciation 111
    “Art is neither alien nor elitist, but part of our everyday life and the culture in which we live.”-Laurie Schneider Adams, Art Across Time
    ART 111
    Rebecca McMillen
  • 2. 2
    Today’s Agenda
    Why Study Art?
    What is the purpose/significance of art?
    Why is this class relevant?
    Why is art important?
    Class Reflection
    A preview of what’s to come…
  • 3. Class Reflection
    What is the Purpose/ Significance of Art?
    Write down as many things you can think of
  • 4. 4
    Why Study Art?
    What can art teach us?
    About the world
    About our countries
    About our culture
    About ourselves
    Where do our values & beliefs come from?
  • 5. 5
    Why is this Class Relevant?
    Art is an essential part of your everyday life
  • 6. 6
    From the Clothes You Buy…
  • 7. 7
    The Music You Play…
  • 8. 8
    The Internet You Surf…
  • 9. 9
    To the Apartment You Decorate…
  • 10. 10
    You see & use Art every single day
  • 11. 11
    Art encompasses more than the pictures you see hanging on museum walls
    There are multiple mediums / forms of art:
    Theatre (to name a few)
    Art is Vast
  • 12. 12
    Decorative Uses
    Functional Uses
    Sentimental Uses
    Political / Religious Uses
    Why is Art Important?
    Art Has Many Uses
    - Functional
    - Decorative
    - Sentimental
    - Entertainment
    - Political
    - Religious
    - Historical
  • 13. 13
    Art Has Many Values
    Why is Art Important?
    Works of art are valued not only by artists, patrons, & art historians, but also by entire cultures
    Today’s institutions, as well as individuals, fund works of art
    There is a flourishing art market throughout the world
  • 14. 14
    Art Has Many Values
    Why is Art Important?
    • Material Value:
    • 15. Precious materials
    • 16. Gold, Silver, Ivory
    • 17. Intrinsic Value:
    • 18. May not contain valuable material
    • 19. Depends largely on the general assessment of the artist who created it
    da Vinci
    van Gogh
  • 20. 15
    Art Has Many Values
    Why is Art Important?
    • Religious Value:
    • 21. Religious significance
    • 22. Sculptures of gods, temples
    • 23. Nationalistic Value:
    • 24. Express pride, patriotism & accomplishment of a culture
    • 25. Triumphal arches, statues of national heroes
  • 16
    Art Has Many Values
    Why is Art Important?
    • Psychological Value:
    • 26. Reactions to art cover a wide range of human emotion
    • 27. Pleasure, Fright, Amusement, Avoidance, Outrage
    • 28. Ability to attract & repel us
    • 29. Not based on if its aesthetically pleasing
  • 17
    Art Communicates!
    Why is Art Important?
    We are bombarded with millions of images from birth
    We tend to assume we understand their meaning
    Paradoxical fact: Although children read pictures before words, a picture is more complex than a word — hence the proverbial “A Picture is Worth a Thousand Words”
    Times Square, NY
  • 30. 18
    Art Communicates!
    Why is Art Important?
    What Do These Images Mean?
    Thus, one of the reasons why we study art is because it’s trying to communicate something to us
    We are “code breakers”trying to unlock the meaning of images
    Aboriginal art symbols & their meanings
  • 31. 19
    Class Reflection
    • How should we determine if something is art?
    • 32. What is this an image of?
    • 33. Is it art?
    • 34. Why or why not?
  • 20
    Class Reflection
    • What if the artist told you this was a sculpture of a bird?
    • 35. Would you agree, i.e., does it have bird-like features/characteristics?
    • 36. Wings - Feathers - Beak
    • 37. Does it have any other bird-like qualities?
  • 21
    Class Reflection
    Compare the sculpture to a bird:
    Bird-like qualities
    “What is real is not the exterior form but the idea; the essence of things.”-Brancusi
    Bird in Space, Brancusi(1928)
  • 38. 22
    Brancusi v. United States
    October 27, 1927 Court case between Brancusi v. United States
    Example of:
    Conflict between conservative & progressive views of art in early 20th century America regarding the question: “What constitutes a work of art?”
  • 39. 23
    Brancusi v. United States
    During a visit to France, American photographer Edward Steichen purchased the bronze sculpture Bird in Space from Romanian artist Constantin Brancusi
    In 1926 Steichen bought the sculpture to New York
    He assumed that because it was an original work by a professional sculptor, he would not be charged import duty
    Original works of art are not charged import duty so long as they are declared
  • 40. 24
    Brancusi v. United States
    The customs officer, did not agree that the Bird was a work of art
    It was admitted into the US under the category of “Kitchen Utensils & Hospital Supplies”
    Steichen was charged $600 in import duty
  • 41. 25
    Brancusi v. United States
    The following year Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney offered to take the issue to court
    First it was established that Brancusi had actually made the Bird
    It was established that he was a professional sculptor with works in European & American Museums
    Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney
    Brancusi in his studio
  • 42. 26
    Brancusi v. United States
    Next came the question of whether Bird in Spacerepresented a bird
    It was argued that it:
    Lacked identifiable bird-like features such as wings & feathers
    Does not look like a bird
    Bird in Space, Brancusi(1928)
  • 43. 27
    Brancusi v. United States
    Of course, Bird in Space is not an actual bird
    It’s a bronze sculpture that intends to express the sense of a soaring bird in space
    Brancusi wanted to convey the essence of an idea
    By giving form to the graceful freedom of movement associated with the flight of birds
    Bird in Space, Brancusi(1928)
  • 44. 28
    Brancusi v. United States
    Art critics testified that it has the “suggestion of flight”, & that it suggests:
    Bird in Space, Brancusi(1928)
  • 45. 29
    Brancusi v. United States
    The judge’s decision, took into account the development of modernism & recognizing that abstraction was popular amongst many contemporary artists
    He concluded that:
    “Bird in Space is beautiful & symmetrical in is pleasing to look at & highly is the original production of a professional sculptor & is in fact a work of art”
  • 46. A Preview of What’s to Come
  • 47. 31
    What is art?/ The Creative Impulse
    A look at the origins of art & creativity
  • 48. 32
    Cultural Purposes of Art/Decorating ourselves & our Environment
    How art varies from culture to culture & personal decoration
  • 49. 33
    Visual Elements of Art
    A look at the artist’s language – line, shape, space, texture, time & motion
  • 50. 34
    Terminology & Principles of Design
    How the elements of artist’s language are organized
  • 51. 35
    Methodologies of Art
    A look at the different points of views in understanding art
  • 52. 36
    2-D Media & Techniques of Art
    A look at the different two-dimensional mediums used in art making
  • 53. 37
    3-D Media & Techniques of Art
    A look at the different three-dimensional mediums used in art making
  • 54. Questions?
    Contact me:
    Next Lesson: What is Art?/The Creative Impulse