Need Struggle to read required textbooks 74% of 8th graders performed at the basic level 8 million students struggle to read Learning to read is different from reading to learn – basic skills learned in 3rd grade are not sufficient to assist these students with complex texts Many graduates are not ready for college; rising literacy demands
Literacy Demands Students must be able to gather information from multiple texts and have technological literacy Content teachers must be able to develop content literacy for their students- this requires assisting students to interact with the text, not just read the words Connections to previous learning Understanding how this fits in with the bigger picture Pulling forward background knowledge; assimilation and accomodation
Literacy Demands - continued Metacognitive strategies that good readers use without thinking – must be taught explicitly Vocabulary is content specific – must be explicitly taught – not just assigned as looking words up in the dictionary There is no intervention powerful enough to make up for an ineffective Gen. Ed program – the heart of improving student achievement is to improve Gen. Ed. Instruction – Dr. Kevin Feldman – Content teachers must be part of the solution!
Strategies Affecting Literacy andLearning Metacognitive strategies: Predictions – using headings, subheadings, titles, illustrations, tables and graphs, skimming/scanning Setting a purpose for reading Activating prior knowledge/making connections Previewing texts Asking questions – Before, during, and after Figuring out unknown words Text structure Self-talk Reviewing and recalling We will be learning strategies in each of these areas you can implement in your own classrooms with regard to your own content!
Social Dimensions of Literacy Some cultures openly ask for childrens’ opinions and value them when heard, whereas in other cultures, children are taught to obey and listen, rarely voicing their opinion. Can influence the way in which they comprehend the text based upon the social values talked about or taught at home Can affect student participation
Dimensions of LiteracyDevelopment Includes: Vocabulary Fluency – the ability to read orally with expression, proper pace and speed Comprehension of both narrative and expository texts, including visuals and diagrams (notes in music class or a piece of artwork in art class) Writing about their learning – important piece – all content teachers should have students write periodically and this should be modeled Media and digital literacies Critical thinking Independent learning