“ If there is a set of strategies with the property that no player can benefit by changing her strategy while the other players keep their strategies unchanged, then that set of strategies and the corresponding payoffs constitute the Nash Equilibrium. “
These slides (with changes and additions) adapted from: http://pages.cpsc.ucalgary.ca/~jacob/Courses/Winter2000/CPSC533/Pages/index.html
Three interesting classics:
John von Neumann & Oskar Morgenstern, Theory of Games & Economic Behavior (Princeton, 1944).
John McDonald, Strategy in Poker, Business & War (Norton, 1950)
Oskar Morgenstern, "The Theory of Games," Scientific American , May 1949; translated as "Theorie des Spiels," Die Amerikanische Rundschau , August 1949.
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