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7496_Hall 070204 Research Faculty Summit

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  • 1. Windows Embedded Mike Hall Technical Product Manager Mobile & Embedded Devices Group Microsoft Corporation [email_address] http:// blogs.msdn.com/mikehall
  • 2.  
  • 3. Agenda
    • Windows XP Embedded SP2
      • Features
      • Tools
      • Build System
    • Windows CE 5.0
      • Features
      • Tools
      • Technical challenges
  • 4. A day in the life…
    • <warning> Marketing Video </warning>
    • Shows what can be done today
    • Think about
      • The technical challenges ‘today’ and the future
      • How to enrich peoples lives through embedded systems
      • Security, reliability, and manageability of embedded systems
  • 5.  
  • 6. Windows Embedded Platforms Windows XP Embedded The most complete embedded platform enabling advanced devices by delivering the power of Windows in componentized form Windows CE Windows CE integrates reliable real time capabilities with advanced Windows technologies to rapidly build a wide range of innovative, small-footprint devices
  • 7. Microsoft ® Windows ® XP Embedded with Service Pack 2
  • 8. What Is Windows XP Embedded (XPe)
    • Componentized version of Windows XP Professional
      • Based on the same binaries as retail version of Windows XP Professional
      • But you choose only features and services you need for your device
    • Includes additional embedded-enabling features (EEF)
      • Enable broad range of devices to utilize rich Windows XP Professional features
    • 4 powerful authoring tools
      • Streamline the end-to-end embedded device development process
  • 9. XPe Development Tools
    • 1. Component Designer
      • GUI tool used to create components for use on embedded devices
      • Developer specifies the files, resources and dependencies required by the component
    • 2. Target Analyzer
      • Simplifies configuring OS image for target hardware
      • Generates XML definition of target hardware
  • 10. XPe Development Tools
    • 3. Target Designer
      • GUI tool used to build runtime images
      • End-user selection and configuration of OS, App or macro components
      • Automatic inclusion of required Windows components
      • “Build”; assembles the bootable OS image
      • Component-based documentation
    • 4. Visual Studio .NET
      • Development environment for Embedded Applications
  • 11. XPe Components
    • XP Pro Technologies, componentized
      • Windows binaries wrapped in XML metadata
      • Pre-determined component dependencies
    • Macro Components to enable rapid prototyping
      • Design Templates: starting point for device development, saves developer time
      • Helper Macros: quickly & easily gets your device booting
      • Technology Macros: simple access to Windows technologies
    • Support for 22 languages with MUI (Multilingual User Interface)
  • 12. XPe Embedded Features
    • XPe SP1 Windows Features
      • .NET Framework, USB 2.0, IPv6, Windows Media Centre components, etc.
      • Maintains binary compatibility with Windows XP Pro SP1
    • Deployment and servicing XPe devices
      • Remote Boot : Allows booting devices from images stored on a server
      • Device Update Agent (DUA) : Light-weight servicing client
    • Solid-state Devices
      • Enhanced Write Filter (EWF) : Allows development of solid state devices, e.g. based on flash disks
      • CD-Boot
    • Mass production of OS images
      • Image Cloning & Reseal
  • 13. XPe Development Overview Target Designer Component Designer XPe Component Database Application Binaries App, OS and EEF Components Target Analyzer Hardware Definition Application Components OS Image
  • 14. XPe SP2 Design Goals
    • Enhance security
      • Integrate the Windows XP Professional SP2 Security innovations into the Windows XP Embedded with SP2 release
    • Provide compatibility
      • Binary parity with Windows XP Professional SP2
    • New features
      • From both XP Pro and embedded-specific
      • Requested by customers and partners
      • Windows Media 9, .NET Framework 1.1
      • EEF Updates, EWF API now exposed
    • XPe SP2 will follow ASAP after the desktop release
  • 15. Windows CE 5.0
  • 16. What is Windows CE 5.0 ?
    • Latest version of Windows CE
    • Componentized, compact, real-time embedded operating system
    • Design Tenets
      • Productivity
        • Unified build, PQD (Production Quality Drivers), comprehensive how-tos and documentation, extensive partner base (2000+)
      • Reliability
        • Windows Error Reporting (Watson), security enhancements, automated testing scenarios
      • Innovation
        • Advanced multimedia, Direct3D Mobile, extensive wireless and networking capabilities
  • 17. Planetary Rover California Polytechnic, Pomona
  • 18. For more academic examples… Using both CE and XPe
    • Microsoft Research & Windows Embedded Innovation Excellence Awards, 2003-2004
    • $1.7M awards total
    • 78 projects worldwide in 26 countries at 75 universities
      • Some of you are here today (we hope!)
    • 62 research projects, 12 teaching projects
    • Projects started - Summer 2003
    • Projects completing - Summer 2004
    • Wrap-up workshop - September 2004
    • Overall theme: Innovative Embedded Research & Teaching
    • Interim workshop at Windows Embedded DevCon, San Diego, June
    • Sample of projects shown at the DemoFest tomorrow!
  • 19. Windows CE Architecture OEM Hardware Embedded Shell Applications Microsoft OEM ISV, OEM WIN32 APIs COREDLL, WINSOCK, OLE, COMMCTRL, COMMDLG, WININET, TAPI Windows CE Shell Services Remote Connectivity Kernel Library IrDA GWES Device Manager File System Manager TCP/IP OAL Bootloader Drivers Device drivers File drivers
  • 20. Windows CE Memory Map System Reserved (kernel mode space) 0000 0000 64MB 0400 0000 4200 0000 8000 0000 4GB FFFF FFFF Active Process Active Process Active Process Active Process Active Process Active Process Application Space Reserved Large Memory Area (memory mapped files)
  • 21. Memory Map Reveled . . . Slot 1 Slot 0 Slot 2 Slot 3 Slot 32 Kernel Space 0000 0000 0200 0000 0400 0000 0600 0000 0800 0000 3E00 0000 4000 0000 4200 0000 8000 0000 FFFF FFFF DLLs Process 2 Process 3 Process 31 Process 32 Act. Process Large Memory Area (memory mapped files) Slot 31 NK “Slot” C200 0000
  • 22. CE Application Memory Map COREDLL.DLL 0000 0000 0001 0000 Read only data 03FF FFFF Code Read write data reserved Other XIP DLLs Resources Stack (reserved space) Heap (reserved space) Free virtual space Application Specific Space XIP DLL space 0200 0000 DLL Space (Constant for all applications) non-XIP DLLs
  • 23. Windows CE is Different Different Hardware, Different Needs
    • Desktop/Laptop PC
    • 2 GHz Pentium IV
    • 256 K  512 K cache
    • 512 M  1 G DRAM
    • 100 G hard drive
    • 1280x1024 display
    • 2  4 hour battery requirement
    • 50 Watts
    • Keyboard & mouse
    • Extensible through
      • PCI, AGC, USB, EISA, 1394, PC-Card, CF, enet, …
    • Device
    • 400 MHz RISC
    • 4 K  8K cache
    • 4 M  ~32 M DRAM
    • 4 M  ~32 M Flash / ROM
    • 170x170  640x480
    • 24 hour battery requirement
    • <1 to 2 Watts
    • Stylus or Thumb
    • Not very extensible
      • PC-Card, SD, CF
  • 24. Tools Platform Builder
    • Integrated Development Environment
      • Unified build system
    • Compiler
      • Link time code generation
      • Buffer security check - run-time protection of buffer overruns
      • General performance enhancements
    • Debugger
      • Windows Error Reporting
      • eXDI2 - single debugger to assist in debugging hardware
      • Break point improvements
    • Profiling Tools
      • Emulator performance, security, and debugging updates
  • 25. Windows CE 5.0
    • Windows CE 5.0, over 300 changes or improvements over Windows CE 4.2
    • Typically, releases include updates to Technologies and/or processor support
    • Delta from 4.2 follows
  • 26. Core Operating System Kernel, Storage and File System
    • Shared heap memory
      • Improves performance on inter-process retrieval data
    • Watchdog timer
      • Allows applications to set a timer in the OS to recover from hung apps
    • 64 system interrupts
      • Kernel supports 64 system interrupts (SYSINTRs)
    • Power down thread
      • Kernel handles powering down hardware in a thread with highest priority
    • Embedded database (EDB)
      • Based on SQL Server CE 3.0 with advanced database functionality
    • Write-back cache
      • Non-removable media file systems
    • ATAPI enhancements
  • 27. Core Operating System Device Drivers
    • Production quality drivers (PQD)
      • Over 50 PQD drivers in the box in addition to sample drivers
    • USB 2.0 host and function
      • HID, Mass storage, Printer, RNDIS, SmartCard
    • SDIO host
      • Client driver interface compatible with SDIO Now!
    • New model for PC card
      • Fully supports 16 and 32-bit PC cards, Cardbus and Installable ISRs
    • Device manager
      • New design for bus drivers supporting removable media
    • File system driver manager
      • Can now flush and lock file systems individually
  • 28. Core Operating System Board Support Packages
    • Production quality OAL support
      • Designed to minimize modifications made by the OEM and reduce overall development time
    • BSP test suite
      • Automated testing that replaces previous manual process
    • New and updated BSP support for most popular hardware
  • 29. Core Operating System Browser
    • Blocking pop-up windows
      • Disables window.open
    • RPC support for IE
      • Requirement for some websites to render properly
    • Platform for privacy preferences (P3P)
      • IE will now be able to display sites with a P3P policy
    • Support theming for IE controls
      • IE intrinsic controls can be displayed using skins
    • Filters and transitions
      • Improved user experience and presentation of web content
    • IE 6.0 sample
      • Auto complete URL, Status bar, Internet Settings Control Panel
    • TV lens support
      • Fixed width layout
  • 30. Core Operating System Shell
    • Common controls
      • Animation control, List view, Image list
    • Shell explorer and APIs
      • Allows an ISV to create custom context menus for their data types
    • Explorer recycle bin
      • Support without a RAM file system
    • HPC Shell
      • Improved Taskbar code for easier OEM customization
  • 31. Core Operating System International
    • Input language
      • Infrastructure to support more then one language keyboard layout per image
    • MUI across East Asian languages
      • Enables inclusion of more than one East Asian language in an image
    • Complex script enablement
      • Improved “in the box” support for additional, more complex languages
    • MSPY 3.0 for Simplified Chinese
      • Based on latest desktop version of the Pinyin IME
    • Shuang Pin on-screen keyboard for MSPY 3.0
      • Reduces input error based
    • National language support (NLS) updates
      • Uses the same infrastructure as the desktop so development is more familiar and broadly understood
  • 32. Core Operating System Networking
    • Wireless LAN – Wi-Fi (Native 802.11)
      • WPA support on both AP and station sides
    • Bluetooth
      • SDIO support, new profile support: PAN, Headset, HID
    • New IPv6 service support
      • DNS / Dynamic DNS, SNTP, MSMQ, Web Proxy
    • Peer to Peer
      • Provide ad hoc and managed infrastructure for secure communication
    • UPnP AV toolkit
      • AV schema support to standardize audio/visual device intelligence
    • Real-time communications support
      • Windows Messenger 5.0 - multiple points of presence (MPOP)
    • Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP)
      • File redirection filter - faster and more reliable client
  • 33. Core Operating System Multimedia
    • Direct3D Mobile
      • COM-based D3D programming model built on DirectX 8
    • Graphics Device Interface (GDI)
      • Faster graphics and text rendering, alpha blending
    • Display drivers ( Silicon Motion Cougar, ATI Rage XL, Single Flat driver)
      • Test kit and benchmarking tools for driver optimization
    • Fast Start
      • Decreases playback start time for multimedia
    • Still image support
      • Single library to support still image codecs (JPG, GIF, PNG, TIFF, BMP and ICO)
    • Updating Windows Media codecs to support:
      • WMA Pro, WMA Lossless , WMV Advanced Profile (Broadcast)
  • 34. Core Operating System Security
    • General security efforts
      • Extensive security reviews
    • Cryptography / PKI
      • Advanced Encryption Standard (AES)
      • Will apply for FIPS 140-2 Level 1 certification
    • CryptMsg APIs (CAPI) (PKCS #7)
      • Support for S/MIME (secure MIME / e-mail format)
    • Upgrading certificate chaining engine
      • Improves OS robustness
    • New local authentication sub-system (LASS)
      • Modular device lock down mechanism
    • Credential Manager enhancements
      • Improved secure caching
  • 35. Technical Challenges
    • Remote device management – reflash entire O/S or portions
    • Fast, reliable, secure file systems for devices
    • Transacted file systems, and file system caching
    • Sandboxing of untrusted drivers and services
    • Trust models for 3 rd party applications and drivers
    • Hardware security systems
    • Digital rights on a mobile device
    • Efficient, robust, light weight implementation of symmetric multiprocessing and simultaneous multi-threading on small systems with strict power requirements and real time constraints.
    • Network traversal through NAT and firewall
    • Ad-hoc networks
  • 36. Source and Sharing
    • Shared Source Program
      • Access to over 2.5 M lines of source code
      • Available in all versions of Windows CE .NET
      • Academic edition for courseware creation
    • Shared Platforms Program
      • Ability to share non-commercial run-times
      • http://www.microsoft.com/Windows/Embedded/community/sharedplatforms/
    • Windows Embedded Academic Program
      • See you at the DemoFest!
      • http://msdn.microsoft.com/embedded/community/academic/
      • [email_address]
  • 37. Shared Source: What is Included OEM Hardware Embedded Shell Applications Kernel Library IrDA GWES Device Manager File Manager TCP/IP IPv6 OAL Bootloader Drivers Device Drivers File Drivers Mostly Available Not Available ISV, OEM Provided WIN32 APIs COREDLL, WINSOCK, OLE, COMMCTRL, COMMDLG, WININET, TAPI Windows CE Shell Services Remote Connectivity
  • 38. Demo Windows CE 5.0
  • 39. Mobile and Embedded Roadmap Today 2005+
  • 40. Further Information
    • Windows Embedded Home Page
      • http://msdn.microsoft.com/embedded
    • Mikehall’s Blog
      • http://blogs.msdn.com/mikehall
    • Newsgroups
      • http://msdn.microsoft.com/embedded/community/community/newsgrp/default.aspx
    • Academic
      • http://msdn.microsoft.com/embedded/community/academic/default.aspx
  • 41. © 2004 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. This presentation is for informational purposes only. Microsoft makes no warranties, express or implied, in this summary.