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Good Presentation

  1. 1. Robert Gagne’s Nine Steps of Instructional Design (1970) By Kathleen Webster
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>The main goal of an instructor is to establish a learning module that will have a positive impact on his or her student. </li></ul><ul><li>Robert Gagne’s has created a design module that can guide an instructor to achieve an instructional design that will meet that goal. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Step 1: Gain Attention <ul><li>Find a way to grab the attention of the learner </li></ul><ul><li>Be creative </li></ul><ul><li>Use devices such as: Storytelling, demonstrations, problem solving, engage the student in being active in participating. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Engage the students in learning
  5. 5. Step 2: Describe Goal <ul><li>Describe the goals of the learning module. </li></ul><ul><li>Outline what the student is expected to learn. </li></ul><ul><li>State what the learners will accomplish and how they will be able to use this knowledge. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Step 3: Stimulate Recall of Prior Knowledge <ul><li>Show students how prior knowledge is connected to the information being presented. </li></ul><ul><li>Provide student with a framework that will stimulate both the learning process and the retention of ideas. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Step 4: Present the material <ul><li>Develop and implement a plan to deliver the information to the student </li></ul><ul><li>The deliver of the information can be in various forms such as power point presentation, lectures, assigned readings, discussions, and other multi-media forms. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Be creative when presenting information
  9. 9. Step 5: Provide Guidance for learning <ul><li>Evaluate the progress of your students and establish ways to achieve success. </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage students to seek other source for learning such as library, internet, and conversation. </li></ul><ul><li>Direct students to learning opportunities whenever possible. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Step 6: Elicit Performance <ul><li>Allow students to find ways to apply the knowledge to help in retaining the information. </li></ul><ul><li>Sample of application could be a project that involves using the knowledge to achieve the goals outcome. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Step 7: Provide Feedback <ul><li>Feedback is an essential tool for the learner. </li></ul><ul><li>It involves the instructor monitoring the student’s learning and making sure the student is correct in his or her learning. </li></ul><ul><li>The instructor needs to encourage the student by recognizing the student’s achievement in learning. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Step 8: Assess Performance <ul><li>Test, quiz, group discussion, papers and projects are just some of the ways an instructor can determine if the student is learning the material presented. </li></ul><ul><li>It is important to assess the learning performance of a student to determine if the process is efficient. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Assess the student’s learning by challenging their knowledge
  14. 14. Step 9: Enhance Retention and Transfer <ul><li>Students may find value in learning if they can transfer the information they learn to a situation they know. </li></ul><ul><li>Students may retain the information if they have an opportunity to apply it to a situation even if it is just for practice. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Helpful Websites <ul><li>For more information concerning instructional design and Gagne’s instructional model </li></ul><ul><li>http:// instruction </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  16. 16. Conclusion <ul><li>Instructional design is essential for a successful learning module. </li></ul><ul><li>Incorporating Gagne’s 9 steps of instruction can assist in making that design a success. </li></ul>