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  • 1. Robert Gagne’s Nine Steps of Instructional Design (1970) By Kathleen Webster
  • 2. Introduction
    • The main goal of an instructor is to establish a learning module that will have a positive impact on his or her student.
    • Robert Gagne’s has created a design module that can guide an instructor to achieve an instructional design that will meet that goal.
  • 3. Step 1: Gain Attention
    • Find a way to grab the attention of the learner
    • Be creative
    • Use devices such as: Storytelling, demonstrations, problem solving, engage the student in being active in participating.
  • 4. Engage the students in learning
  • 5. Step 2: Describe Goal
    • Describe the goals of the learning module.
    • Outline what the student is expected to learn.
    • State what the learners will accomplish and how they will be able to use this knowledge.
  • 6. Step 3: Stimulate Recall of Prior Knowledge
    • Show students how prior knowledge is connected to the information being presented.
    • Provide student with a framework that will stimulate both the learning process and the retention of ideas.
  • 7. Step 4: Present the material
    • Develop and implement a plan to deliver the information to the student
    • The deliver of the information can be in various forms such as power point presentation, lectures, assigned readings, discussions, and other multi-media forms.
  • 8. Be creative when presenting information
  • 9. Step 5: Provide Guidance for learning
    • Evaluate the progress of your students and establish ways to achieve success.
    • Encourage students to seek other source for learning such as library, internet, and conversation.
    • Direct students to learning opportunities whenever possible.
  • 10. Step 6: Elicit Performance
    • Allow students to find ways to apply the knowledge to help in retaining the information.
    • Sample of application could be a project that involves using the knowledge to achieve the goals outcome.
  • 11. Step 7: Provide Feedback
    • Feedback is an essential tool for the learner.
    • It involves the instructor monitoring the student’s learning and making sure the student is correct in his or her learning.
    • The instructor needs to encourage the student by recognizing the student’s achievement in learning.
  • 12. Step 8: Assess Performance
    • Test, quiz, group discussion, papers and projects are just some of the ways an instructor can determine if the student is learning the material presented.
    • It is important to assess the learning performance of a student to determine if the process is efficient.
  • 13. Assess the student’s learning by challenging their knowledge
  • 14. Step 9: Enhance Retention and Transfer
    • Students may find value in learning if they can transfer the information they learn to a situation they know.
    • Students may retain the information if they have an opportunity to apply it to a situation even if it is just for practice.
  • 15. Helpful Websites
    • For more information concerning instructional design and Gagne’s instructional model
    • http:// instruction
  • 16. Conclusion
    • Instructional design is essential for a successful learning module.
    • Incorporating Gagne’s 9 steps of instruction can assist in making that design a success.