OntoFrame기반 시맨틱 서비스와 서비스 매쉬업

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문서의 웹에서 데이터의 웹으로 근본적인 변혁이 일어나는 시점에서 시맨틱 웹의 역할을 살펴보는 것은 의미심장한 일이다. 시맨틱 웹 기술은 차세대 웹의 핵심 기술로서 그 중요성은 세계의 지식을 묶고자 하는 Linking Open Data Project처럼 점점 커지고 있는 상황이다. 본 발표에서는 시맨틱 서비스 구현을 위해 필요한 시맨틱 서비스 플랫폼 OntoFrame과 그 사례를 소개하고, 시맨틱 서비스 다음 단계로서 떠오르고 있는 시맨틱 서비스 매쉬업의 현황과 가능성을 살펴보고자 한다.

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OntoFrame기반 시맨틱 서비스와 서비스 매쉬업

  1. 1. Semantic Service and Service Mashup on OntoFrame 4 Dec. 2009 Hanmin Jung KISTI Korean Semantic Web Conference 2009 1 Copyright © 2004-2009, KISTI
  2. 2. From the Oral to the Electric Age Derrick, Brainframes of the new economy, 2008 Korean Semantic Web Conference 2009 2 Copyright © 2004-2009, KISTI
  3. 3. Next Generation Web Web of Documents ↓ Web of Data Korean Semantic Web Conference 2009 3 Copyright © 2004-2009, KISTI
  4. 4. Linking Data of Real World Semantic Web is rapidly becoming real Korean Semantic Web Conference 2009 4 Copyright © 2004-2009, KISTI
  5. 5. LOD Project W3C Linking Open Data Community Project Aims at making data freely available to everyone Extends the Web with a data commons By publishing various open data sets as RDF on the Web By setting RDF links between data items from different data sources Opens the (meta)data silos and get rid of repository-centric mindset Publishes (meta)data of public interest on the Web In a way that other applications can access and interpret the data Using common Web technologies http://esw.w3.org/topic/SweoIG/TaskForces/CommunityProjects/LinkingOpenData/ Bernhard Haslhofer, “Linked Data Tutorial”, 2009. Korean Semantic Web Conference 2009 5 Copyright © 2004-2009, KISTI
  6. 6. LOD Project W3C Linking Open Data Community Project over 500 million RDF triples (2007.5) http://blogs.sun.com/bblfish/resource/2007/LinkingOpenData.png Korean Semantic Web Conference 2009 6 Copyright © 2004-2009, KISTI
  7. 7. LOD Project W3C Linking Open Data Community Project over 2 billion RDF triples (2008.4) Available in RDF and SVG (Scalable Vector Graphics) versions KISTI http://richard.cyganiak.de/2007/10/lod/ Korean Semantic Web Conference 2009 7 Copyright © 2004-2009, KISTI
  8. 8. LOD Project W3C Linking Open Data Community Project over 4.5 billion RDF triples (2009.3) http://www4.wiwiss.fu-berlin.de/bizer/pub/lod-datasets_2009-03-27_colored.png Korean Semantic Web Conference 2009 8 Copyright © 2004-2009, KISTI
  9. 9. LOD Project W3C Linking Open Data Community Project over 4.7 billion RDF triples (2009.5) http://esw.w3.org/topic/SweoIG/TaskForces/CommunityProjects/LinkingOpenData/ Korean Semantic Web Conference 2009 9 Copyright © 2004-2009, KISTI
  10. 10. LOD Project LOD Meetings and Gatherings Face-face meetings ISWC2007~2009 ESWC2007~2009 WWW2007~2009 Conferences Linked AI: Linked Data Meets Artificial Intelligence at AAAI2010 Linked Data on the Web Workshop at WWW2009 How to Publish Linked Data on the Web tutorial at ISWC2008 Data Integration through Semantic Technology Workshop at ASWC2008 Linked Data Planet 2008 Linked Data on the Web Workshop at WWW2008 http://esw.w3.org/topic/SweoIG/TaskForces/CommunityProjects/LinkingOpenData Korean Semantic Web Conference 2009 10 Copyright © 2004-2009, KISTI
  11. 11. LOD Project ISWC Billion Triple Challenge (2008 ~) focuses on pushing the limits in tool design on the fronts of scalability in size and robustness in the face of data typically found on the Web Generates new application ideas, i.e. to show what is possible with Web metadata today 2009 Dataset 1.14 billion statements 1,464,829,200 nodes (resources of 866,094,100, blank nodes of 352,032,700, literals of 246,702,400) Includes 3 ontology classes modeled by KISTI out of Top-50 classes (1,343,200+ instances) http://ebiquity.umbc.edu/blogger/2007/12/06/the-semantic-web-billion-triples-challenge-at-iswc-2008/ http://vmlion25.deri.ie/index.html Korean Semantic Web Conference 2009 11 Copyright © 2004-2009, KISTI
  12. 12. LOD Project Data.gov A product of Obama’s Open Government Initiative project Launched in late May 2009 by the Federal CIO, Vivek Kudra Aims to increase public access to high value, machine readable datasets generated by the Executive Branch of the Federal Government Major sources of dataset (2009-06-24) Environmental Protection Agency (315) Department of Defense (122) Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (108) Department of Health and Human Services (87) Department of Homeland Security (43) Department of the Treasury (37) Department of the Interior (35) US Bureau of Labor Statistics (35) Department of Labor (35) … http://internet.suite101.com/article.cfm/datagov_provides_showcase_for_public_data http://data-gov.tw.rpi.edu/wiki/What%27s_in_data.gov Korean Semantic Web Conference 2009 12 Copyright © 2004-2009, KISTI
  13. 13. LOD Project Data-gov Wiki Intents to assist users to create new Web applications that will help individuals, communities, and business use public data 977 datasets contributed by 54 US government agencies (2009-11-08) 116 translated RDF datasets 5,074,936,293 triples. 7,564 properties. Published a Linked Data version of the eGovernment data on 2009-10-15 http://wiki.dbpedia.org/About Korean Semantic Web Conference 2009 13 Copyright © 2004-2009, KISTI
  14. 14. LOD Project Data.gov Demos Korean Semantic Web Conference 2009 14 Copyright © 2004-2009, KISTI
  15. 15. LOD Project Data.gov in Linked Data Demos Korean Semantic Web Conference 2009 15 Copyright © 2004-2009, KISTI
  16. 16. Case Study – Rich Snippets Google Rich Snippets Helps to annotating Web pages with structured data in a standard format Microformats and RDFa Gives users convenient summary information about their search results Reviews and ratings for a product or service Distinguishing between people with the same name http://googlewebmastercentral.blogspot.com/2009/05/introducing-rich-snippets.html Korean Semantic Web Conference 2009 16 Copyright © 2004-2009, KISTI
  17. 17. Case Study – Semantic Dog Food Semantic Web Conference Corpus Korean Semantic Web Conference 2009 17 Copyright © 2004-2009, KISTI
  18. 18. Case Study – <sameAs> Interlinking the Web of Data Korean Semantic Web Conference 2009 18 Copyright © 2004-2009, KISTI
  19. 19. OntoFrame Project (2009) KATS MOJ OntoURI® Mariner® OntoReasoner® KISTI Ontologies KATS Ontologies MOJ Ontologies Korean Semantic Web Conference 2009 19 Copyright © 2004-2009, KISTI
  20. 20. OntoFrame Project (2010) 2010 2010 LOD KATS MOJ OntoURI® Mariner® OntoReasoner® LOD Cloud KATS Ontologies MOJ Ontologies KISTI Ontologies Korean Semantic Web Conference 2009 20 Copyright © 2004-2009, KISTI
  21. 21. OntoFrame - Introduction What is? Semantic Web-based service platform (providing implementation environments) Purpose Search information and discover implicit knowledge in the information for helping users to achieve their needs efficiently “This bi-modal existence makes sense because people behave in two way.” by Jesse Korean Semantic Web Conference 2009 21 Copyright © 2004-2009, KISTI
  22. 22. OntoFrame – 2007 Data Entities Papers: 362,653 (CiteSeer international papers with full-texts) Persons: 983,677 Topics: 425,294 Institutions: 17,820 Locations: 451,763 (with GPS coordinate) RDF Triples: 58,885,581 (2007.12) Korean Semantic Web Conference 2009 22 Copyright © 2004-2009, KISTI
  23. 23. OntoFrame – 2008 Data Entities Papers: 453,124 (Elsevier international journal papers with full-texts) Persons: 1,352,220 Topics: 339,947 Institutions: 91,514 Locations: 409,575 (with GPS coordinate) RDF Triples: 283,087,518 (2008.11) Korean Semantic Web Conference 2009 23 Copyright © 2004-2009, KISTI
  24. 24. OntoFrame – S3 Data Entities Papers: 3,560,601 (Elsevier international journal papers) Others: TBD, Over 11 millions for persons Korean Semantic Web Conference 2009 24 Copyright © 2004-2009, KISTI
  25. 25. OntoFrame – S3 STAR-enabled Semantic Service Version Features Cross-lingual IR User-center UI design Entity-centric searches gathered by type Coupling with KISTI-STAR services Sophisticated semantic services Research topics of a research group Leading researchers on the major topics of a researcher Topic trends of a researcher Articles similar with an article Expanded tooltips Korean Semantic Web Conference 2009 25 Copyright © 2004-2009, KISTI
  26. 26. OntoFrame OntoURI Architecture User Interface Mapping Rule Manager DB-to-OWL Mapping Rule DB-to-OWL Mapping Rule Reasoning Web Services Interface RDF Triple Store Engine RDF Triple Store RDF Triple Generator Ontology Browser Identity Generator Identity Resolver Search Ontology Ontology Engine Topic Scheduler Extractor DB Crawler Database Database Korean Semantic Web Conference 2009 26 Copyright © 2004-2009, KISTI
  27. 27. OntoFrame – Reasoning Korean Semantic Web Conference 2009 27 Copyright © 2004-2009, KISTI
  28. 28. OntoFrame – Reasoning 57건 (2009.12 기준) Korean Semantic Web Conference 2009 28 Copyright © 2004-2009, KISTI
  29. 29. Mashup What’s the Next Step in Services? “Ontologies are reasoned, Queries are resolved, Workflows are executed” by Mark Wilkinson (UBC) http://paggr.com/media/2008/10/paggr_poster_1000.png Korean Semantic Web Conference 2009 29 Copyright © 2004-2009, KISTI
  30. 30. Mashup Yahoo Pipes a composition tool to aggregate, manipulate, and mashup content from around the web Korean Semantic Web Conference 2009 30 Copyright © 2004-2009, KISTI
  31. 31. Mashup Yahoo Pipes Use case: US Population by State Korean Semantic Web Conference 2009 31 Copyright © 2004-2009, KISTI
  32. 32. Mashup Service Mashup Editor Florian Daniel, “Mashing up Search Services” Korean Semantic Web Conference 2009 32 Copyright © 2004-2009, KISTI
  33. 33. Mashup Service Mashup Platform Florian Daniel, “Mashing up Search Services” Korean Semantic Web Conference 2009 33 Copyright © 2004-2009, KISTI
  34. 34. OntoPipeliner Level of Semantics Service Classification Search & Semantically- Fully-automatic Semantically- Reasoning operated Services Services Composition/ operated Services Mashup Classes and properties are OntoPipeliner embedded and referred Semantic Web Semi-automatic Semantic Web OWL-S, Services WSMO Composition/ Services Mashup Web service discovery, WSMO Studio, invocation, and composition alphaWorks, … with ontologies Manual Web Services Web Services Google Maps, Composition/ Amazon E-commerce, … Mashup Interoperable machine-to-machine interaction over a network with WSDL Yahoo Pipes MS, Popfly, … Level of Ontology Usage Korean Semantic Web Conference 2009 34 Copyright © 2004-2009, KISTI
  35. 35. OntoPipeliner What is? Semantic service mashup framework Purpose Discover and Compose semantically-operated services to get meaningful and valuable composite services or workflows Korean Semantic Web Conference 2009 35 Copyright © 2004-2009, KISTI
  36. 36. OntoPipeliner Architecture Semantic User Interface Service Pipeliner Constraint Manager Pipeline Visualizer Pipeline Generator Pipeline Executor Semantic Broker Semantic Service Searcher URI Server URI Server Semantic Service Register User Interface Semantic Semantic Semantic Service Service Service Repository Repository Manager Ontology Manager Ontology Ontology Korean Semantic Web Conference 2009 36 Copyright © 2004-2009, KISTI
  37. 37. OntoPipeliner – Data Services Services: 57 (KISTI, KATS, MOJ) Korean Semantic Web Conference 2009 37 Copyright © 2004-2009, KISTI
  38. 38. OntoPipeliner Steps on OntoFrame S3 Korean Semantic Web Conference 2009 38 Copyright © 2004-2009, KISTI
  39. 39. OntoPipeliner Pipeline Example Korean Semantic Web Conference 2009 39 Copyright © 2004-2009, KISTI
  40. 40. OntoPipeliner Pipeline Example Korean Semantic Web Conference 2009 40 Copyright © 2004-2009, KISTI
  41. 41. Demonstration Korean Semantic Web Conference 2009 41 Copyright © 2004-2009, KISTI
  42. 42. Demonstration Korean Semantic Web Conference 2009 42 Copyright © 2004-2009, KISTI
  43. 43. Korean Semantic Web Conference 2009 43 Copyright © 2004-2009, KISTI
  44. 44. Korean Semantic Web Conference 2009 44 Copyright © 2004-2009, KISTI
  45. 45. Presentations (2009) 미래 연구정보 포럼 2009, 2009.12 (대한상공회의소) Korean Semantic Web Conference 2009, 2009.12 (국립중앙도서관) Search Technology Summit 2009, 2009.9 (그랜드 인터콘티넨탈 호텔) 메타데이터표준화포럼 국제세미나, 2009.6 (코엑스 컨퍼런스 센터) 독일 Wolters Kluwer GmbH 세미나, “Semantic Web Research of KISTI”, 2009.12 독일 München Univ. 세미나, “Semantic Web Research of KISTI”, 2009.11 KAIST 특강, “시맨틱 웹과 미래 인터넷”, 2009.11 중국 ISTIC 세미나, “Semantic Service Platform and Service Mashup”, 2009.10 영국 Southampton Univ. 세미나, “Semantic Service Researches Of DITR”, 2009.10 행정안전부 제2기 미래 ICT 리더 과정, “ICT 신기술 이해”, 2009.10 행정안전부 제2기 최신 ICT 동향 과정, “미래 정보 서비스와 시맨틱 웹”, 2009.9 솔트룩스 세미나, “특허 동향 고찰과 관련 기술 분석”, 2009.9 KERIS 세미나, “Toward Web 3.0”, 2009.8 고려대 협력 워크숍, “시맨틱 서비스 파이프라이닝”, 2009.8 통계청 세미나, “정보 서비스에서의 시맨틱 웹 역할과 활용 방안”, 2009.5 충남대학교 대학원 특강, “시맨틱 웹과 서비스 플랫폼”, 2009.5 행정안전부 제1기 최신 ICT 동향 과정, “미래 정보 서비스와 시맨틱 웹”, 2009.5 충남대학교 특강, “시맨틱 웹을 적용한 정보 서비스”, 2009.5 충남대학교 세미나, “시맨틱 서비스 플랫폼 OntoFrame”, 2009.4 삼성전자 세미나, “전문용어 구축 및 활용”, 2009.4 행정안전부 제1기 미래 ICT 리더 과정, “ICT 신기술 이해 - 시맨틱 웹, 모바일, 차세대 미디어 등 –”, 2009.4 서울대학교 세미나, “국내 시맨틱 웹 시장 동향 및 온토프레임 소개”, 2009.4 배재대학교 세미나, “차세대 인터넷 기술”, 2009.4 한국정보사회진흥원 세미나, “온톨로지, 시맨틱 웹의 이해와 적용”, 2009.4 KISTEP 세미나, “미래 검색 동향과 시맨틱 플랫폼의 역할”, 2009.3 정보통신연구진흥원 세미나, “미래 검색 동향과 시맨틱 플랫폼의 역할”, 2009.3 한의학 온톨로지 세미나, “언어 자원 구축 – 용어 수집부터 구조 정보 구축까지 –”, 2009.3 국회도서관 설명회, “지능형 입법 지원 시스템 (L-Cube System), 2009.3 한국표준과학연구원 세미나, “시맨틱 서비스 플랫폼 OntoFrame 소개”, 2009.1 Korean Semantic Web Conference 2009 45 Copyright © 2004-2009, KISTI
  46. 46. Trend Reports NIPA 주간기술동향 시맨틱 검색 기술 동향 (To appear in 2010) 시맨틱 웹 국내 특허 동향 (Vol.1420) 감성 분석과 브랜드 모니터링 기술 동향 (Vol.1396) 시맨틱 웹이 경제⋅사회에 미치는 영향 (Vol.1372) 웹 매핑 서비스 비교 분석 (Vol.1352) 시맨틱 웹 2.0 기술 동향 (Vol.1344) 국내 포털 검색 시장 및 특허 동향 (Vol.1341) Open API 기술 동향 (Vol.1296) 엔터프라이즈 검색 기술 동향 (Vol.1276) 전자상거래 검색 기술 동향 (Vol.1273) 시맨틱 웹 포털 기술 동향 (Vol.1264) 기타 동향 분석 보고서 시맨틱 웹 – 2009 국방정보기술 조사서 (To appear) 웹 2.0의 개념과 의의 – KERIS 사보 (Vol.6(1)) 미래 정보 사회와 시맨틱 웹 기술 – 디지털행정 (녹색 정보화 특집, 제 113호) 시맨틱 웹 서비스 – KERIS 이슈리포트 (2008-22) 시맨틱 웹 기반 플랫폼상에서의 웹 2.0 활용 서비스 – 정보처리학회지 Vol.14 시맨틱 웹 포털 해외 사례– 지식정보인프라지 Vol.26 Korean Semantic Web Conference 2009 46 Copyright © 2004-2009, KISTI
  47. 47. “A lot of times, people don’t know what they want until you show it to them.” by Steve Jobs “Many people won’t be convinced until they’ve seen it for themselves.” by Jakob Nielsen Thank you jhm@kisti.re.kr Korean Semantic Web Conference 2009 47 Copyright © 2004-2009, KISTI

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