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  • 1. Road Pricing :
    “Nil Volentibus Arduum” (*)
    Patrick Pype, NXP Semiconductors
    (*) If you want, you can !
  • 2. Who are we ?
    NXP Semiconductors
    provides High Performance Mixed Signal and Standard Product solutions that leverage its leading RF, Analog, Power Management, Interface, Security and Digital Processing expertise. These innovations are used in a wide range of automotive, identification, wireless infrastructure, lighting, industrial, mobile, consumer and computing applications. Headquartered in Europe, the company has approximately 28,000 employees working in more than 25 countries and posted sales of USD 3.8 billion in 2009. NXP has a large R&D center in Leuven (campus IMEC, campus Haasrode).
    Energy efficiency
    • Efficient power conversion / power management
    • 3. CFL and LED lighting and back-lighting solutions
    • 4. Energy conservation: e-metering, smart appliances
    • 5. Electric/hybrid vehicles, intelligent traffic management
    Connected mobile devices
    • High-speed wireless connectivity and interfaces
    • 6. Wireless and satellite infrastructure
    • 7. Mobile and car audio/video and data
    • 8. Increasing content in mobile devices
    Security
    • Secure mobile transactions and secure identity
    • 9. Goods tagging, authentication and tracking
    • 10. Car safety, security and remote diagnostics features
    • 11. Radar and (body)scanning installations
    Health
    • Smart and small hearing aids and headsets
    • 12. Personal health devices and portable medical imaging
    • 13. Body area networks based on magnetic induction radio
    • 14. Biosensors
  • History of Road Pricing
    1st Congestion Pricing System
    Upgrade to Electronic Toll Collection (ETC)
    2006 Variable pricing based on historical data & real-time traffic flow
    1986 Combination of traditional tollbooths with ETC
    1991 Trondheim introduces world's 1st use of completely unaided
    full-speed electronic tolling
    Now 25 toll-roads in-place
    Introduction of ETC
    1st country applying single universal system to all tolls in country
    Systems being expanded with parking lots & gas station information
    Jan – Jul 2006 Stockholm Congestion Pricing Pilot Project
    Aug 2007 Full implementation of Congestion Pricing
    * Government decided yes after referendum with 47.5 % no – 52.5 % yes
    * Traffic passing reduced by 20-25 %
    * Improved air quality
  • 15. Challenges
    Energy Mgmt. & Billing
    Environmental care
    Enhance mobility
    Ensure
    safety
    Intelligent Traffic Management & Road Pricing
    Emergency Call
    Hybrid-/ Electric Vehicles
  • 16. Telematics
    Public Road Pricing
    Massive introduction
    eCall
    (EU)
    • Allowing 70 % of people to pay less than today
    • 17. Enabling a fair principle of paying according usage
    • 18. Creating positive impacts on economy-CO2 reduction and congestion
    Stolen Vehicle Tracking
    • Enabling emergency call in less than 4s
    • 19. To save 2500 lives in EU
    • 20. To save 25.9€ (including congestion cost savings) / year
    Black Box
    eCall (non EU)
    Pay-As-You-Drive Insurance
    Gradual introduction
    Infotainment Services
    Fleet Management
    After market
    Car OEM Market
  • 21. Eindhoven Pilot
    June – November 2009
  • 22. Architecture
    Road Pricing: Fair Tax for Road Usage depending onDistance, Time, Place and Pollution Car
    An All Road,
    GPS based System
    GPS Satellite
    SecurePositioning
    OBU
    GPS
    Secure ID
    Vignette
    SecureAttachment
    GSM/GPRS
    SecureTransfer
    CentralServer
  • 23. Tariff
    Tariff depending on distance, time and place (road type)50 NXP and IBM employees
    Phases:
    1. Zero measurement
    2. Improvement competition: rewards
    3. No rewards, check impact
  • 24. Results
    Conclusions after more than 200.000 kms and 2 Million GPS positions
    • ~70% of drivers improved behavior when rewarded
    • 25. These users showed >16% improvement inaverage cost / km
    • 26. When reward was removed of all drivers2 out of 3 increased average cost/km again
    • 27. For commute traffic: users will make trade off between costs and behavior they are used to
    • 28. User interaction (display) is essential to influence behavior (taxi meter)
    • 29. The maps should be up to date all time to tax correctly, leads to central map
    • 30. No major issues in the technology, identified essential requirements:Ease of Use, Robustness, Security, Privacy, Over the Air Updates
  • Belgium - Awareness Event April 21st, 2010
    Brussel – Leuven Demonstrator Roadpricing April 21st, 2010
    SecurePositioning
    OBU
    GPS
    GPS Satellite
    Secure ID
    Vignette
    SecureAttachment
    GSM
    SecureTransfer
    Roadpricing/Mobility
    CentralServer
    eCall
    CentralServer
  • 31. Belgium - Awareness Event April 21st, 2010
    Cars driving same direction get warning message and guidance
    Brussel – Leuven Demonstrator eCall & Car2Car April 21st, 2010
    GPS Satellite
    eCall generated
    eCall
    CentralServer
    C2C
    server
  • 32. Conclusions
    TECHNOLOGY
    INVOLVEMENT OF STAKEHOLDERS
    ROLE OF GOVERNMENT
    • Feasible – from trucks to private cars…
    • 33. Low cost – Small size - Low risk
    • 34. Easy Install
    • 35. Security & Privacy solutions available
    • 36. Smoothens path to electrical cars & smart grids
    • 37. Roles of partners clear – integration & cooperation to be worked out
    • 38. Public Private Partnerships to be established
    • 39. User acceptance (!), a.o. via additional government & 3rd party services
    • 40. Business model to be worked out
    • 41. Need to make a firm decision
    • 42. Need for a European Directive towards deployment