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Stuart Miller - GIS Output and the Role of Cartography

Stuart Miller - GIS Output and the Role of Cartography



BCS Symposium Mapping at Work - June 2009

BCS Symposium Mapping at Work - June 2009
Stuart Miller, STAR-APIC



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    Stuart Miller - GIS Output and the Role of Cartography Stuart Miller - GIS Output and the Role of Cartography Presentation Transcript

    • GIS Output and the Role of Cartography Stuart Miller, Commercial Manager STAR-APIC
      • Mapping software and solutions
        • Data and database management
        • Cartography and data publication
        • Custom solutions
      • www.geolives.com
      • FME
      • Team has many years of digital mapping experience – in UK 50+ years
    • 2009 - It’s a different and new mapping world
      • Massive changes since digital mapping & GIS in the late ’70s
      • Mapping “freely” available
      • Web mapping software
        • easy to use
        • fast
      • Personal Navigation Devices
      • User Generated Content (UGC)
    • Interesting Article
      • Wired article on location services from January 2009
      • ‘ I Am Here: One Man's Experiment With the Location-Aware Lifestyle’
    • Background to Change
      • I am looking at the wider picture of cartography … & not just cartographic publishing for CMYK Printing
      • There are many, but 2 of the themes are …
    • Public Sector Pressures
      • Cut costs
      • Improve productivity
      • Make data available to the public
      • Planning initiatives
      • Share data with other organisations
      • Data Standards for interoperability, OGC, INSPIRE ….
    • Mapping on the Web
      • Accessible, Easy, Cheap or free !
        • Google
        • Yahoo! Maps
        • Bing Maps (formerly Virtual Earth)
        • Multimap, Streetmap, ….
        • OpenStreetMap
      • Web GIS
        • Too slow & complex ? For experts only?
        • Question …
    • The Role of Cartography?
      • Cartography Still Matters
      • Always Did …
      • GIS was part of Cartography
      • Mid ’80s – it flipped and the perception was that Cartography (in a form) was a part of GIS
      • No point in fighting it – perception is reality!
    • Principles of Cartography
      • What are you trying to show ?
      • Projection of earth to flat media
      • Generalisation
        • Simplify to meet requirements
      • Design
        • Highlight to communicate
      • Data update and Maintenance
    • Principles of Design
      • The purpose of design is to focus the attention of the user
      • The Principles of Cartographic Design are Timeless, the Results are not   
      • The Rules of Cartographic Design can be taught and learnt, principles and concepts have to be acquired
      • http://www.mckinleyville.com
    • Back onto Topic …
      • Cartography in the GIS context
      • Briefest of backgrounds
      • (GIS Adoption in time order …)
        • Capture/Conversion/Revision
        • Restructuring/Importing
        • Adding Attribution/Intro of DBMS
        • Analysis/Querying
        • Remodelling of data/speed of queries
        • Data sharing interoperability
        • Introduction of Standards/Sharing …
        • … . What Priority was given to Output?
    • Output from GIS - 1
      • It was very basic plots
      • An output in early days was an achievement!
      • So much data manipulation – called ETL now; consumed most of our time in the GIS industry
      • As it was computer driven it was not market led or customer led but technology led & task in hand was data acquisition and conversion
      • So more recently …
    • Output from GIS - 2
      • Lately, GIS output has broadened, has matured, more expected (demanded?) from the investment now
      • Decades of investment
      • More user-interactive; professional and consumer – User Generated Content (UGC)
      • But it can create Anarchy in both editorial control and also basic principles and cartographic design
      • Just because it is possible doesn’t mean to say it is acceptable (in whose eyes though?)
    • Creation of Maps
      • It was predicted many years ago that the map creation capabilities would be passed to the ‘mass market’ with its limited knowledge of the discipline
      • But we have to embrace it – not knock it!
      • The role and challenge is to ensure that the tools (and not just the maps) are ‘fit for purpose’
      • The design and capabilities of the map tools are as fundamental to cartography as the maps themselves
    • Cartography - Re-Emergence
      • Now that after two decades the data conversions, fine tuning and ‘sweat equity’ has been invested by organisations
      • … More Recently - how an Application of GIS is judged is down to its different media types/accessibility and the currency of the Output to the wider user
      • So there is NO SURPRISE that cartography is re-emerging as being important
      • It may not be termed ‘cartography’ as much – but it is cartography by a different name
    • An example of an Output that is ideal for Cartography
      • GeoPDF format
      • I suggest you download http://www.opengeospatial.org/standards/bp
      • GeoPDF Encoding Best Practice Version 2.2 April 2009
      • Background to the Format & its creation
    • GeoPDF
      • The Army’s Geospatial PDF Project provides GeoPDFs to all warfighters and those tasked with supporting them.
      US Army Corps of Engineers Army Georeferenced PDF (GeoPDF) Project
      • What does a GeoPDF do?
      • with Adobe Reader - Multiple coordinate displays [default is Lat/Long and MGRS], automatic coordinate display, supports 400+ datums and 40+ projections, measure area / length with Reader w/o file having to be reader enabled, importing / exporting geospatial data with Reader [cvs, gpx, kml, kmz and shp/shm], GPS Tracking
      Works with free Adobe Reader
    • More on GeoPDF
      • With Adobe Acrobat - all above plus create GeoPDF manually, GeoMark Enable files for extended use in Reader and Map Assembler for combining multiple GeoPDF files.
      • Layered – Raster & vector & multiple pages for ‘mapbooks’
      • Editable, GPS linked and has inbuilt tools
      • GeoPDF complies with Adobe's PDF specification and ISO 32000
      Source: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
    • Samples
      • GeoPDF Samples www.acrobatuser.com/gallery/geospatial-gallery
      • Go to http:// www.terragotech.com /download/index/
      • For TerraGo Desktop ToolBar free download
      • Try Google Maps link and Editing Toolbar capabilities
    • USGS Samples
      • Go to http:// store.usgs.gov /
      • “ Digital Maps—Beta” (http://nationalmap.gov/digital_map/)
      • Almost 60,000 United States Geological Survey Digital Raster Graphic maps have been converted to GeoPDFs and are available to anyone via the website http://store.usgs.gov .
    • Some USA users of GeoPDF
      • Source: Terrago Technologies Inc
      Utilities, Oil & Gas, Transportation State & Local Government Defense & Intelligence Systems Integrators Public Safety & Emergency Response Engineering & Natural Resource Management Dallas Police Dallas Police
    • Conclusion 1
      • Cartographic Output of GIS data is now perceived to be important
      • … Never went away in the Cartographers’ eyes
      • Map creation Tools and Data formats (one example GeoPDF) and dissemination & communication technologies have enabled the discipline of cartography to re-emerge
      • Basically GIS has matured in its needs …
    • Conclusion 2
      • In today’s society with its technical capabilities at the consumer level there is NOW the Need and Desire for quality map products that fit the purpose.
      • Reduction in Cost in map creation
      • Speed of Creation and Distribution
    • Conclusion
      • Cartographic Professionals have to be at the top table to contribute and shape the overall GIS and Geospatial industry agenda
      • Finally - Be Proactive and not Reactive within the maturing GIS industry
      • Thank you
      • Stuart Miller
      • Commercial Manager STAR-APIC UK
      • [email_address]
      • +44 (0)7885 297994
      Contact Details