Future mapping to reconstruct the past - by Jason Peters, Posthumous Plans

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Future mapping to reconstruct the past - by Jason Peters, Posthumous Plans

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Future mapping to reconstruct the past - by Jason Peters, Posthumous Plans

  1. 1. TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETYwww.posthumousplans.co.uk Reconstructing the ‘lost’ landscapes and forests of Huntingdonshire Multi-layered mapping with a multi-disciplinary approach ‘More people are both making and using maps for more purposes than ever before.’ Editorial. The Cartographic Journal Nov.2012, Vol. 49. No. 4. p.298
  2. 2. TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETYwww.posthumousplans.co.uk
  3. 3. TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETY
  4. 4. TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETY
  5. 5. TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETYwww.posthumousplans.co.uk
  6. 6. TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETY
  7. 7. TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETYwww.posthumousplans.co.uk HUNTINGDONSHIRE
  8. 8. TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETYwww.posthumousplans.co.uk Drayton 1622
  9. 9. TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETYwww.posthumousplans.co.uk Pratt’s Map of the Great North Road
  10. 10. TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETY Blome, ‘A Mapp of Huntingdonshire’, 1673
  11. 11. TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETY Blome, ‘A Mapp of Huntingdonshire’, 1673 Wabridge Forest
  12. 12. TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETY 1301 AD (King Edward I) perambulation extracts of the boundaries of the ‘hays’ of Weybridge, Harthay and Sapley translated and published in Victoria County History :Huntingdonshire (VCH:H) ‘When Henry II afforested the whole County he excepted Waybridge, Sapley, and Harthay forests, which had previously been royal demesne.’ Cartul. Mon. de Rames.VCH:H Brampton ‘A small portion of land known as Le Heuth in King’s Ripton, in the hay of Sapley in the Forest of Weybridge was granted to John Pykard by John de Crokesle in 1301… to be inclosed out of the forest and reduced to cultivation.’ Cal. Pat 1313-17 P.92. King’s Ripton
  13. 13. TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETY Weybridge Forest 1673 Sapley Park 1673 Blome’s Mapp extract 1673
  14. 14. TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETY Personal communication, VCH:H draft editorial notes, William Page to Inskipp Ladds: ‘the whole subject (afforestation, my addition) is so difficult that I think it would be wiser to avoid committing ourselves [in VCH:H] to any particular theory.’ VCH:H Draft Ed. Notes, (Brampton folder), Norris Museum, St. Ives
  15. 15. TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETYwww.posthumousplans.co.uk 1ST Edition OS 6 inch to the mile Quarter Sheet of XVII NE Huntingdonshire (1890’s)
  16. 16. TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETYwww.posthumousplans.co.uk Cropped to remove drawing frame and extraneous information
  17. 17. TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETYwww.posthumousplans.co.uk Four Quarter sheets spliced to create a composite roman numeral plan: XVII
  18. 18. TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETYwww.posthumousplans.co.uk All Quarter sheets cropped and spliced to create a county-wide base plan. (28 x 4 =96)
  19. 19. TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETYwww.posthumousplans.co.uk A Posthumous Plan of Victorian Huntingdonshire
  20. 20. TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETYwww.posthumousplans.co.uk Jeffery’s The County of Huntingdon, 1776
  21. 21. TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETYwww.posthumousplans.co.uk
  22. 22. TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETYwww.posthumousplans.co.uk A Posthumous Plan of the Topography of Victorian Huntingdonshire
  23. 23. TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETY National Records Office, Kew.
  24. 24. TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETYwww.posthumousplans.co.uk Duchy of Lancaster Forest Proceedings, Ancient. The history of Huntingdonshire’s Haga
  25. 25. TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETYwww.posthumousplans.co.uk Perambulations of the Royal hays/haga of Huntingdonshire 1218/19 AD (Henry III)
  26. 26. TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETYwww.posthumousplans.co.uk Perambulation of the Royal hay of Weybridge, Huntingdonshire. ‘Where the beasts of the king reside peacefully’
  27. 27. TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETYwww.posthumousplans.co.uk e h s t these These Original text sampled to create a font
  28. 28. TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETYwww.posthumousplans.co.uk Medieval Latin text translated into Modern English retaining the character of the original font
  29. 29. TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETYwww.posthumousplans.co.uk East Anglians Mid- Anglians Mercian Saxons Fenlanders 2. Romano- British Iceni 1. Celtic- British 3. Jutes 4. Angles 5. Saxons 6. Danes 7. Norwegian Vikings 8. Norman Franks Catuvellauni Trinovantes Cultural influences 500-1,100 AD
  30. 30. TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETY The challenge of linguistics
  31. 31. TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETYwww.posthumousplans.co.uk The challenge of Place-name analysis • Datable • Specialism of types, i.e. woodland specialism • Evolution of settlement • Organization of the landscape • Exploitation of the landscape Scope scape land + scape = landscape
  32. 32. TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETYwww.posthumousplans.co.uk
  33. 33. TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETYwww.posthumousplans.co.uk Horse Haws Whores Hoarse Hers Hearse
  34. 34. TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETYwww.posthumousplans.co.uk Horst
  35. 35. TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETYwww.posthumousplans.co.uk Djen Dobre DOBRA DJEN
  36. 36. TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETYwww.posthumousplans.co.uk Polish partition of Silesia, Germany as directed by Stalin after WWII DOBRADJEN
  37. 37. TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETYwww.posthumousplans.co.uk Modern German place-name of Gutentag Corrupted form of Old German: Gutter + thal
  38. 38. TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETYwww.posthumousplans.co.uk OE Haugh Haughton Hoctune Houghton Hoo Ho
  39. 39. TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETY Haugh – hoc – hough= Houghton
  40. 40. TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETY Houghton & WytonBaldwin’s Ho The Hoo
  41. 41. TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETY Metes and Divisions of Harthay: From Houghtonlynche in between the fields of Houghton and the covert of the same wood as far as to the wood of Brampton by the boundary between the wood of Brampton and Harthay as far as to the fields of Sybthorp. And so in between these fields of Harthay as far as to Rockspol and so descend the stream as far as Vikingslund. Metes and Division of Weybridge: First from Vikingslund towards the south follow the old fosse as it extends to the place that is called Quinz Quercus (5 oaks) towards the north excluding the grove of Ellington. And from Quinz Quercus descend to the stream which comes from Woolley. And so descend by this stream as far as to Woodwardmede…. …. And so between the meadow of Alconbury as far as Le Overdrain, and then as far as Houghtonlynche…..
  42. 42. TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETYwww.posthumousplans.co.uk Royal Haga of the Royal Forest of Harthay in 1218 AD
  43. 43. TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETYwww.posthumousplans.co.uk Royal Haga of the Royal Forest of Weybridge in 1218
  44. 44. TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETY Haga sites from the Old English verb (ge)hagen to cherish and protect, to covert PLACE-NAME ELEMENTS +hay, +ay i.e. Harthay = hart + hay
  45. 45. TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETYwww.posthumousplans.co.uk Wildgehege (game covert) Jatzdorf (hunter’s village) Forst (forest) Grun (green) Extract Messtischblatt 3140
  46. 46. TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETYwww.posthumousplans.co.uk Reconstructing the extent, type and exploitation of woodland and Woodland pasture through place-name analysis, field-pattern analysis and historic documents, i.e. Silva pastilis as recorded in Domesday Book Lēah = woodland-pasture i.e. place-name Sapley Lēah and tūn, concurrent, mutually exclusive, approximately 750 AD LEAH DISTRIBUTION
  47. 47. TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETY Silva pastilis (woodland-pasture) mapped as recorded in Domesday Book: Huntingdonshire.
  48. 48. TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETYwww.posthumousplans.co.uk Field Pattern Analysis: small irregular = woodland clearance for field creation, long and linear = field creation from an open landscape Field patterns
  49. 49. TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETYwww.posthumousplans.co.uk
  50. 50. TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETYwww.posthumousplans.co.uk The use of the Adobe Photoshop Programme in mapping •Digital scans •Drawn ‘layers’ that can be exported/imported to other files •Re-size and rotate tool for overlaying
  51. 51. TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETYwww.posthumousplans.co.uk NEW LAYER (tracing sheets) Select a Colour, draw or paint,
  52. 52. TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETYwww.posthumousplans.co.uk
  53. 53. TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETYwww.posthumousplans.co.uk
  54. 54. TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETYwww.posthumousplans.co.uk
  55. 55. TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETY Hartford Estate Map 1778
  56. 56. TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETY Field lines And roads coloured
  57. 57. TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETY
  58. 58. TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETY Abbots Ripton : woodland, field lines, streams, roads Layers extrapolated and exported
  59. 59. TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETY Caius and Cockerell Library Gonville & Caius College, Cambridge University
  60. 60. TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETYwww.posthumousplans.co.uk Ely Coucher Book Huntingdonshire Estate Records of the Bishop of Ely 1251-1301 AD Woods and groves disafforested, by location and owner
  61. 61. TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETYwww.posthumousplans.co.uk
  62. 62. TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETYwww.posthumousplans.co.uk
  63. 63. TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETYwww.posthumousplans.co.uk
  64. 64. TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETY
  65. 65. TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETY
  66. 66. TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETY Sapley Forest circuit 7 miles
  67. 67. TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETY Sapley Forest circuit 7 miles Alconbury House Bellamy’s Grove Moated homestead Tumuli/Mound Sapley Lodge Ermine Street Kings Ripton Lodge Priestley Wood Moat Black Stone
  68. 68. TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETYwww.posthumousplans.co.uk Royal Haga of the Royal Forest of Sapley in 1218 AD
  69. 69. TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETY DUGDALE TEXT Kingston King’s Delph
  70. 70. TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETYwww.posthumousplans.co.uk Forest of King’s Delph
  71. 71. TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETYwww.posthumousplans.co.uk Somersham Chase
  72. 72. TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETYwww.posthumousplans.co.uk The Forest of County Huntingdon in AD 1301 (Edward I)
  73. 73. TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETYwww.posthumousplans.co.uk
  74. 74. TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETY THANK YOU ! AND HAPPY 50THBIRTHDAY www.posthumousplans.co.uk

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