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  • 1. Presented by Diana Clarke and Brian Dichter Behind the Scenes– Serving Moodle
  • 2. Introduction
    • Moodle is Open Source and relies on several key Open Source applications to do its magic.
    • MySQL database.
    • PHP is server-side scripting language that works especially well with MySQL.
    • Apache is the webserver software on Mac OS X.
  • 3. Assumptions
    • You know that Moodle is a “software package for producing internet-based courses and web sites, supporting a social constructionist framework of education”.
    • Brand new “vanilla” Mac OS X Server
    • Or, server without PHP/MySQL configured
    • Administrator access to Mac OS X Server
    • Use both GUI and Terminal
  • 4. Downloads
    • Moodle-latest build (1.5.3+)
      • http://download.moodle.org/
    • PHP (4.3.11 for Apache 1.3)
      • http://www.entropy.ch/software/macosx/php/
    • MySQL (Standard 4.0.26)
      • http://dev.mysql.com/downloads/mysql/4.0.html
    • Apache (1.33)
      • Already installed on Mac OS X Server
  • 5. Downloads–Optional
    • phpMyAdmin
      • http://www.phpmyadmin.net/home_page/index.php
    • MyS QL Administrator
      • http://www.mysql.com/products/tools/administrator/
    • MySQL Query Browser
      • http://dev.mysql.com/downloads/query-browser/1.1.html
  • 6. Configure Webserver
      • Use Server Admin
      • Select the “Web” service to configure Settings
      • Double-click the default site
      • Edit the Domain Name (use FQDN if possible)
      • Take note of the Web folder location
      • Make sure to edit the Default index files
      • Edit the Administrator email address
      • Select Options and uncheck everything (unless you have other sites running that need any of these)
      • Start the Web service!
  • 7.  
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  • 10. Configure Webserver
      • Visit your site in a browser to test that it’s working (you should see the Apache manual)
      • Clean up your Web folder (I usually delete all of the Apache files…actually, I usually delete everything except the error page)
  • 11. Install and Test PHP
      • Install the PHP package
      • Create a text file in your Web folder named “info.php” containing the following code:
        • <?php>
        • phpinfo();
        • ?>
        • Open this page in your browser to test PHP
        • http://yoursite.org/info.php
      • - After successfully testing, delete the “info.php” file.
  • 12.  
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  • 14. Install and Test MySQL
      • Install the MySQL package and the startup item package.
      • User Terminal to start the MySQL server.
      • $ sudo /Library/StartupItems/MySQL/MySQL start
      • Use Terminal and the MySQL Monitor program to check that it’s running (most common error is forgetting to start the server).
      • $ mysql -u root
      • Set and secure the root password.
      • mysql> set password for
      • > root@localhost=password(‘------’);
  • 15.  
  • 16. Install and Test MySQL
      • Delete anonymous accounts.
      • mysql> use mysql;
      • mysql> delete from user where User=‘’;
      • mysql> delete from db where User=‘’;
      • mysql> flush privileges;
  • 17.  
  • 18. Install and Test MySQL
      • Create Moodle database and account.
      • mysql> CREATE DATABASE moodle;
      • mysql> GRANT SELECT,INSERT,DELETE,CREATE,DROP,INDEX,
      • > ALTER ON moodle.* TO moodleuser@localhost
      • > IDENTIFIED BY ‘somesecretpassword’;
      • > quit
      • $ mysqladmin -u root -p reload
  • 19. Install and Test MySQL
      • Test your new account.
      • $ mysql -u moodleuser -p
  • 20. Prepare to Install Moodle
      • Create a data directory.
      • $ sudo mkdir /Library/WebServer/moodle-data
      • Change the owner and permissions on the data directory.
      • $ sudo chown www:www /Library/WebServer/moodle-data
      • $ sudo chmod 700 /Library/WebServer/moodle-data
  • 21. Prepare to Install Moodle
      • Move your Moodle download into your Web folder.
      • Use the Terminal to extract the files (there are a lot of files!).
      • $ tar xvf moodle-latest-15.tar
      • Change the owner of the Moodle directory (or you may get an error).
      • $ sudo chown www:www /Library/WebServer/Documents/moodle
  • 22. Install Moodle
      • Open the install.php file in your web browser.
      • Follow the instructions on each page until you’re done!
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  • 43. Moodle Database Backup
      • Create a simple backup script to backup your database.
      • Create a folder where you will store your database backups (for example: /Library/WebServer/db)
      • Create a text file (plain text, not rtf!) named “dbBot” containing the following code:
      • #!/bin/bash
      • cd /Library/WebServer/db
      • mysqldump -u root -psecretpassword
      • moodle > moodle-backup.sql.`date +%m%d%Y`
  • 44. Moodle Database Backup
    • Change the permissions of this file so root owns, noone can read.
    • $ sudo chown root dbBot
    • $ sudo chmod 700 dbBot
    • Test the script.
    • $ sudo sh dbBot
    • A test should produce something like this in /Library/WebServer/db:
    • moodle-backup.sql.02282006
    • moodle-backup.sql.03012006
  • 45. Moodle Database Backup
    • Restoring a database is fairly easy.
      • mysqldump -u root -psecretpassword
      • moodle < moodle-backup.sql.03012006
  • 46. Automate Backup and Tasks
    • We use Cron to automate backups and Moodle tasks. Use Terminal!
    • $ sudo pico /etc/crontab
    • You will see this:
    • # /etc/crontab
    • SHELL=/bin/sh
    • PATH=/etc:/bin:/sbin:/usr/bin:/usr/sbin
    • HOME=/var/log
    • #
    • #minute hour mday month wday who command
    • #
    • #*/5 * * * * root /usr/libexec/atrun
    • #
    • # Run daily/weekly/monthly jobs.
    • 15 3 * * * root periodic daily
    • 30 4 * * 6 root periodic weekly
    • 30 5 1 * * root periodic monthly
  • 47. Automate Backup and Tasks
    • Add the following sections with comments at the end and exit pico (control-x) and save the file (y to save, hit enter):
    • # run Moodle cron script
    • */5 * * * * wget -q -O /dev/null http://yoursite.org/moodle/admin/cron.php
    • # run dbBot to backup Moodle database in MySQL every day at 6:15am
    • 15 6 * * * root /System/bin/dbBot
  • 48. Summary
    • Download the Open Source applications.
    • Configure the webserver.
    • Install and test PHP.
    • Install and test MySQL.
    • Create a Moodle database and user.
    • Create a data folder.
    • Install and test Moodle.
    • Create a custom MySQL database backup script.
    • Automate backup and Moodle tasks with Cron.
  • 49. Configure Themes/Courses
    • Configure Themes
    • Add Courses
  • 50. Resources
    • Moodle Documentation
    • http://docs.moodle.org/
    • Moodle Support (Free Community Support)
    • http://moodle.org/course/view.php?id=5
    • Moodle Philosophy
    • http://docs.moodle.org/en/Philosophy
    • Presentation files and other docs
    • http://helpdesk.d214.org/projects/ice06/
    • Diana Clarke [email_address]
    • Brian Dichter [email_address]
  • 51. Q & A