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PowerPoint presentation PowerPoint presentation Presentation Transcript

  • World Energy Transitions James Hayes-Bohanan, Ph.D.
  • Considerations
    • Kinds of energy
    • Patterns of energy use
    • Sources of energy
    • The future of energy
    • No “magic bullets” for sale here!
  • Kinds of energy
    • Perpetual
    • Renewable
    • Non-renewable
    • Conservation
  • Historic energy use in U.S. Cutter and Renwick, 1999.
  • Major commercial sources of energy
    • Fossil Fuels
      • Coal
      • Oil
      • Natural Gas
    • Nuclear
    • Hydroelectric
  • Major Coal Reserves
  • Major Oil Reserves
  • Gulf Petroleum Exports Energy Policy Considerations in the Aftermath of September 11 Philip K. Verleger, Jr. http://www.ase.org/stars/pdf/pverleger.pdf
  • Petroleum dependence
    • Analysis from Forbes
    • What is at stake in Saudi Arabia: http://www.forbes.com/forbes/2001/1112/064_print.html
    • Ten-dollar gasoline?: http://www.forbes.com/forbes/2001/10/2201022oilcosts_print.html
    • Patterns of trade: http://www. forbes .com/static_html/oil/oil. shtml
  • Nuclear Cycles Note dfferences between current and “future” pathways.
  • U.S. Vehicle Fuel Efficiency Energy Policy Considerations in the Aftermath of September 11 Philip K. Verleger, Jr. http://www. ase .org/stars/ pdf / pverleger . pdf
  • U.S. Car/Truck Mix Energy Policy Considerations in the Aftermath of September 11 Philip K. Verleger, Jr. http://www. ase .org/stars/ pdf / pverleger . pdf
  • The future of energy
    • Global
    • National
    • State and regional
    • Institutional
    • Individual
  • Global scale
    • Resource limitations
    • Climate change
    • Other environmental harm
    • Geopolitics
  • National scale - imported oil
    • Slow rate of overall economic growth
    • Increase taxes on imported oil
    • Encourage conservation
    • Promote domestic alternatives
    • Region-specific incentives
    • Strategic petroleum reserves
    Energy Policy Considerations in the Aftermath of September 11 Philip K. Verleger, Jr. http://www. ase .org/stars/ pdf / pverleger . pdf
  • National scale - longer term
    • The previous list simply “buys time” while alternatives are found.
    • According to Verleger, “after 2015, the United States and other major consumers may have to admit that the resource base outside the Middle East is insufficient.”
    • Therefore, the policies focused on “energy independence” are not useful long-term: Post-petroleum policies are needed .
  • Post-petroleum technologies
    • Wind
    • Solar
    • Tides
    • Fuel Cells
  • State and regional scale
    • Electricity deregulation
      • Price
      • Air-quality
      • Promoting alternatives
    • Government as consumer
    • Mass-transit and highway decisions
  • Institutional scale
    • Energy Bear!
    • Information systems
    • ROI: Return on Investment
  • Individual scale
    • Motivation
    • Consumption choices
    • Geographic choices
    • Technology choices: ROI
    • Reduce, reuse, recycle, repair
  • Utility facts
    • Under energy deregulation, consumers may have greater control over the energy choices made on their behalf
  • Further information
    • Environmental Geography web site at http://webhost.bridgew.edu/jhayesboh
    • Energy education page (choose “Energy” from drop-down menu)
    • Includes this presentation and citations