MySQL and Fedora: A Developer's Overview Brian Aker Director of Architecture Fudcon April 2006  MySQL AB
Who am I? <ul><li>Brian Aker </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Director of Architecture, MySQL AB </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Author of...
MySQL <ul><li>Open Source Database Company </li></ul><ul><li>Swedish company started by Monty Widenius and David Axmark </...
Agenda <ul><li>What's in MySQL 5.0 </li></ul><ul><li>Fitting in with the Fedora Community </li></ul><ul><li>Differences in...
What is in 5.0? <ul><li>Views </li></ul><ul><li>Stored Procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Triggers </li></ul><ul><li>Precision M...
CREATE VIEW Syntax <ul><li>CREATE [ OR REPLACE ] </li></ul><ul><li>[ALGORITHM =  </li></ul><ul><li>{MERGE | TEMPTABLE | UN...
Stored Procedure Syntax <ul><li>CREATE PROCEDURE  procedure_name </li></ul><ul><li>([parameter [...]]) </li></ul><ul><li>[...
CREATE TRIGGER Syntax <ul><li>CREATE TRIGGER trigger_name  </li></ul><ul><li>{BEFORE | AFTER}  </li></ul><ul><li>{INSERT |...
MySQL 5.0: Precision Math <ul><li>Exact calculations with well defined rounding </li></ul><ul><li>At least  56  digits pre...
XA Support <ul><li>MySQL supports distributed transaction processing: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Two-phase commit with XA proto...
MySQL Cluster <ul><li>Query Cache support </li></ul><ul><li>Multi Read Ranges </li></ul><ul><ul><li>batched reads for IN c...
Information Schema <ul><li>mysql> SELECT table_name, table_type, engine </li></ul><ul><li>-> FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.table...
Archive <ul><li>New Storage Engine </li></ul><ul><li>Substantially  reduces storage requirements >50% </li></ul><ul><li>In...
Where we fit in with the Fedora Community <ul><li>Just a package out of 1,500 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(okay, really 13/1795)...
How Red Hat and MySQL package differently <ul><li>RPMs are both provided at dev.mysql.com or within Fedora </li></ul><ul><...
How Red Hat and MySQL package differently II <ul><li>No access to the extra storage engines: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NDB Clu...
Some Core/MySQL statistics <ul><li>MySQL versions in various Cores: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Core 1&2: 3.23.58 (rebuilt in Co...
How you can contribute to the OSS movement <ul><li>With Fedora, you have Extras </li></ul><ul><ul><li>package maintenance,...
How you can contribute to the OSS movement II <ul><li>Conversion of applications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Plenty of applicati...
Resources <ul><li>We have mailing lists </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://lists.mysql.com/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>mysql-lis...
Business Intelligence/Data Warehousing  •  Table/Index Partitioning  •  Full Text Search Enhancements •  Better XML Handli...
Business Intelligence/Data Warehousing  Table/Index Partitioning •  Perfect for data warehouses or other VLDB situations •...
•  Address parts in XML document  •  Allows manipulation of  •  Strings •  Booleans •  Numbers •  Models XML document as t...
•  Faster I/O operations  •  Lower Memory requirements •  Autoincrement column support •  Unique key support •  Non-unique...
•  Tables now can be designated to be disk-based  •  Tablespaces used to store table disk data •  Tables can be either dis...
High Availability Row-Based Replication •  New replication option – statement-based replication retained •  Handles all re...
High Availability MySQL Cluster Replication •  Replicate data from one MySQL Cluster to another •  Limitation – no cross-s...
Higher Performance  Better Problem User/SQL Identification •  SHOW PROCESSLIST command now system table •  General and Slo...
Higher Performance  New Performance/Load Testing Utility •  Named “mysqlslap” •  Simulates many concurrent connections to ...
MySQL 5.1 Rollout Schedule  •  Beta begins March 1, 2006 •  Release Candidate expected in the Fall •  GA Fall/End of 2006
Thanks! Colin Charles Community Engineer colin@{mysql.com,fedoraproject.org}
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  • Views (including updatable views) are implemented in the 5.0 version of MySQL Server. Views are available in binary releases from 5.0.1 and up. See Section 13.2.7, “CREATE VIEW Syntax” . Views are useful for allowing users to access a set of relations (tables) as if it were a single table, and limiting their access to just that. Views can also be used to restrict access to rows (a subset of a particular table). For access control to columns, you can also use the sophisticated privilege system in MySQL Server. See Section 5.5, “The MySQL Access Privilege System” . In designing an implementation of views, our ambitious goal, as much as is possible within the confines of SQL, has been full compliance with ``Codd&apos;s Rule #6&apos;&apos; for relational database systems: ``All views that are theoretically updatable, should in practice also be updatable.&apos;&apos;
  • The main purpose of this slide is to demonstrate: 1) That MySQL supports two-phase commit and XA for distributed transaction processing 2) That MySQL can either be a transaction manager or a resource manager. Any application can enlist MySQL into a transaction (MySQL is RM). But, MySQL can also execute a distributed transaction across two resource managers (say two InnoDB tables in different databases).
  • Talk about % of folks surveyed who have gone to 5.0
  • Talk about % of folks surveyed who have gone to 5.0
  • Fudcon talk.ppt

    1. 1. MySQL and Fedora: A Developer's Overview Brian Aker Director of Architecture Fudcon April 2006 MySQL AB
    2. 2. Who am I? <ul><li>Brian Aker </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Director of Architecture, MySQL AB </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Author of mod_layout, the apache streaming services mod_mp3, Slash (Slashdot’s CMS System), and lot of other things on Freshmeat.... </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://mysql.com/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://krow.net/ </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. MySQL <ul><li>Open Source Database Company </li></ul><ul><li>Swedish company started by Monty Widenius and David Axmark </li></ul><ul><li>Employs Developers World Wide </li></ul><ul><ul><li>200^H^H^H300 employees </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>26+ countries </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. Agenda <ul><li>What's in MySQL 5.0 </li></ul><ul><li>Fitting in with the Fedora Community </li></ul><ul><li>Differences in packaging </li></ul><ul><li>Contributing to the OSS movement </li></ul><ul><li>MySQL and India </li></ul><ul><li>Resources </li></ul><ul><li>What is coming in the Future? </li></ul><ul><li>Q&A? </li></ul>
    5. 5. What is in 5.0? <ul><li>Views </li></ul><ul><li>Stored Procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Triggers </li></ul><ul><li>Precision Math </li></ul><ul><li>Instance Manager </li></ul><ul><li>XA </li></ul>• GUI Tools • Cluster • Information Schema • Cursors • Archive • More…..
    6. 6. CREATE VIEW Syntax <ul><li>CREATE [ OR REPLACE ] </li></ul><ul><li>[ALGORITHM = </li></ul><ul><li>{MERGE | TEMPTABLE | UNDEFINED}] </li></ul><ul><li>VIEW view_name </li></ul><ul><li>[(column_list)] </li></ul><ul><li>AS select_statement </li></ul><ul><li>[WITH [CASCADED | LOCAL] CHECK OPTION] </li></ul><ul><li>CREATE OR REPLACE VIEW view1 ... </li></ul>
    7. 7. Stored Procedure Syntax <ul><li>CREATE PROCEDURE procedure_name </li></ul><ul><li>([parameter [...]]) </li></ul><ul><li>[characteristic ...] </li></ul><ul><li>routine_body </li></ul><ul><li>CREATE FUNCTION function_name </li></ul><ul><li>([parameter [,...]]) </li></ul><ul><li>RETURNS data_type </li></ul><ul><li>[characteristic ...] </li></ul><ul><li>routine_body </li></ul><ul><li>ALTER and DROP also fully supported </li></ul>
    8. 8. CREATE TRIGGER Syntax <ul><li>CREATE TRIGGER trigger_name </li></ul><ul><li>{BEFORE | AFTER} </li></ul><ul><li>{INSERT | UPDATE | DELETE} ON table_name </li></ul><ul><li>FOR EACH ROW trigger_action </li></ul><ul><li>CREATE TRIGGER tg1 </li></ul><ul><li>AFTER INSERT ON t1 </li></ul><ul><li>FOR EACH ROW <compound SQL statement> ; </li></ul>
    9. 9. MySQL 5.0: Precision Math <ul><li>Exact calculations with well defined rounding </li></ul><ul><li>At least 56 digits precision </li></ul><ul><li>Very fast with static memory allocation </li></ul>Sample: create table d2 (n decimal(64,3)); insert into d2 values (233221213212312312321321321321), (34543543324325435435435), (32432432432454374435234543456); Query OK, 3 rows affected (0.00 sec) select sum(n) from d2; +------------------------------------+ | sum(n) | +------------------------------------+ | 531307360376620022163982600424.000 | +------------------------------------+ 1 row in set (0.01 sec)
    10. 10. XA Support <ul><li>MySQL supports distributed transaction processing: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Two-phase commit with XA protocol available in InnoDB as of 5.0 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Commit grouping to improve performance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>XA JDBC driver </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In MySQL: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the server acts as a transaction manager or resource manager </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>storage engines can be implemented as a resource manager </li></ul></ul>Application MySQL  MySQL acts as RM  Queries on ACID TX tables included Other XA RM  Included in app TX TX Scope MySQL XA Engine1  MySQL acts as TM  Storage engines act as RM XA Engine 2 TX Scope  Different XA engine can be in same TX OR InnoDB is the first XA-Compliant Storage Engine 5.1 5.0
    11. 11. MySQL Cluster <ul><li>Query Cache support </li></ul><ul><li>Multi Read Ranges </li></ul><ul><ul><li>batched reads for IN clause conditions) </li></ul></ul>• Objects in Clusters can now reach 20,000 without a recompile (before it was 1600)
    12. 12. Information Schema <ul><li>mysql> SELECT table_name, table_type, engine </li></ul><ul><li>-> FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.tables </li></ul><ul><li>-> WHERE table_schema = 'tp' </li></ul><ul><li>-> ORDER BY table_type, table_name DESC; </li></ul><ul><li>+------------+------------+--------+ </li></ul><ul><li>| table_name | table_type | engine | </li></ul><ul><li>+------------+------------+--------+ </li></ul><ul><li>| t2 | BASE TABLE | MyISAM | </li></ul><ul><li>| t1 | BASE TABLE | InnoDB | </li></ul><ul><li>| v1 | VIEW | NULL | </li></ul><ul><li>+------------+------------+--------+ </li></ul>• INFORMATION_SCHEMA is a new, virtual database. • INFORMATION_SCHEMA can be queried via a SELECT statement, so there is no need to learn a new set of commands to be able to access the metadata you need. • MySQL creates and populates the tables automatically.
    13. 13. Archive <ul><li>New Storage Engine </li></ul><ul><li>Substantially reduces storage requirements >50% </li></ul><ul><li>Information is stored packed via gzip, unzipped on the fly </li></ul><ul><li>Insert and Select only </li></ul><ul><li>Great for historical data you need to keep online but not for blazing response times </li></ul>
    14. 14. Where we fit in with the Fedora Community <ul><li>Just a package out of 1,500 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(okay, really 13/1795) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Want to forge better relationships </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If you're a LAMP user, on Fedora, it should all “just work” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ship more Extras packages that rely on MySQL in FC </li></ul><ul><ul><li>These could be our tools (Query Browser, Adminstrator) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Could be other apps (mytop, Gforge, SequioaERP) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Working out “Alternatives”, like the NDB cluster, is the hard part </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fix bugs with the package maintainer </li></ul>
    15. 15. How Red Hat and MySQL package differently <ul><li>RPMs are both provided at dev.mysql.com or within Fedora </li></ul><ul><li>For the longest time, Fedora only shipped MySQL 3.23 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>There were licensing misconceptions with MySQL's FLOSS exception </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A lot of applications built against 3.23 client libraries </li></ul></ul><ul><li>#include <asm/atomic.h> </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Depends on kernel headers to build </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>sparc/sparc64/ppc64 don't enable atomic_* functions as inlines </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>i386: kernel not compiled for SMP -> compiled code will not be SMP-safe (omits lock prefix before instruction) </li></ul></ul></ul>
    16. 16. How Red Hat and MySQL package differently II <ul><li>No access to the extra storage engines: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NDB Cluster </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ARCHIVE (large data store, no indexes, small footprint) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CSV </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>BLACKHOLE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FEDERATED (stores data in remote databases; MySQL specific) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Get the -max package to satisfy these requirements </li></ul><ul><li>mysql-shared-standard required for upgrades </li></ul>
    17. 17. Some Core/MySQL statistics <ul><li>MySQL versions in various Cores: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Core 1&2: 3.23.58 (rebuilt in Core 3) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Core 4: 4.1.11 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Core 5: 5.0.18 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In FC-4, packages that depend on the 3.23 client libraries: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>mysqlclient10-devel, MyODBC, libdbi-dbd-mysql </li></ul></ul><ul><li>FC-5 ships the 3.23 client libraries, but nothing else depends on it (besides its -devel package) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>mysqlclient14 (4.1.14) is provided </li></ul></ul>
    18. 18. How you can contribute to the OSS movement <ul><li>With Fedora, you have Extras </li></ul><ul><ul><li>package maintenance, documentation, translation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>...or contribute to a package within Fedora, with upstream </li></ul></ul><ul><li>MySQL has many entry points </li></ul><ul><li>Translation of documentation/applications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Get access to translation repository </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In locale directory, find how_to_translate.txt </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sign Translation Agreement, granting MySQL AB all exclusive rights to translation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Requires: Love for your language/dialect, and proficient English </li></ul></ul>
    19. 19. How you can contribute to the OSS movement II <ul><li>Conversion of applications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Plenty of applications out there use another database </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Make them run on MySQL </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Requires: knowledge of SQL, working knowledge of application's language DB query methods </li></ul></ul><ul><li>MySQL code-base </li></ul><ul><ul><li>BitKeeper is still used for code </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sane build scripts exist </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.1/en/installing-source-tree.html </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Requires: knowledge of various bits used in MySQL </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Work on the GUI tools </li></ul><ul><li>Work on the embedded version of MySQL </li></ul>
    20. 20. Resources <ul><li>We have mailing lists </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://lists.mysql.com/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>mysql-list is very high traffic, but is a great place to learn/contribute </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Internals list if you’re into the codebase </li></ul></ul><ul><li>We have forums </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://forums.mysql.com/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>These come with RSS feeds! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>http://dev.mysql.com/ is a great resource </li></ul><ul><li>The manual is excellent! </li></ul>
    21. 21. Business Intelligence/Data Warehousing • Table/Index Partitioning • Full Text Search Enhancements • Better XML Handling – XPath • Archive engine enhancements High Availability • Disk-based Cluster • Row-based Replication • Cluster replication Easier Manageability • Task Scheduler • Transaction support for Federated Engine Higher Performance • Faster alter table • Faster add/drop index for MySQL Cluster • Faster data import operations • Better problem user and SQL identification • New Performance/Load Testing Utility • New MyISAM memory option
    22. 22. Business Intelligence/Data Warehousing Table/Index Partitioning • Perfect for data warehouses or other VLDB situations • Increases performance – only needed partitions are accessed • Eases space/data management burden on DBA • Supports range, hash, key, list, and composite methods • Supported by all storage engines in MySQL • More options than Microsoft, DB2, or Sybase partitioning • Partition key must be integer (or convertible to integer) • Local indexes only – no global primary or unique keys • Parallelism not supported in this version
    23. 23. • Address parts in XML document • Allows manipulation of • Strings • Booleans • Numbers • Models XML document as tree of nodes Business Intelligence/Data Warehousing XML Xpath Support XML
    24. 24. • Faster I/O operations • Lower Memory requirements • Autoincrement column support • Unique key support • Non-unique key support Business Intelligence/Data Warehousing Archive Engine Enhancements
    25. 25. • Tables now can be designated to be disk-based • Tablespaces used to store table disk data • Tables can be either disk or main memory • Indexes still main memory only High Availability MySQL Cluster Disk-Based Data
    26. 26. High Availability Row-Based Replication • New replication option – statement-based replication retained • Handles all replication scenarios (deterministic, etc.) • Safest form of replication • Common to most other RDBMS’s • Statement-based approach still available • Mixed mode available that does statement and row-based replication
    27. 27. High Availability MySQL Cluster Replication • Replicate data from one MySQL Cluster to another • Limitation – no cross-server logging of add/drop/alter tables
    28. 28. Higher Performance Better Problem User/SQL Identification • SHOW PROCESSLIST command now system table • General and Slow Query Log now system tables • Can easily query tables to find all or just inefficient SQL • General/Slow Query Log use CSV engine and can be read by MS Excel SQL
    29. 29. Higher Performance New Performance/Load Testing Utility • Named “mysqlslap” • Simulates many concurrent connections to MySQL server • Repetitively runs designated SQL load • Can test multiple engines • Performs creation of test schema and population of data
    30. 30. MySQL 5.1 Rollout Schedule • Beta begins March 1, 2006 • Release Candidate expected in the Fall • GA Fall/End of 2006
    31. 31. Thanks! Colin Charles Community Engineer colin@{mysql.com,fedoraproject.org}
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