Emerging energy generation and storage technology by Mark Tinkler

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  • Here is a summary of the ranges From left to right - a few short cmts.PH & CAESSome of the flow batteryExplain why ranges

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  • 1. Electric Energy Storage Systems for the Electric Enterprise Trends and Opportunities Future of Energy Summit MaRS Discovery District Toronto, Canada Dan Rastler Electric Power Research InstitutePresented by:Mark TinklerPrincipal Energy Consultant June 8, 2012Emerging Energy Options
  • 2. Key Takeaways • Key Technical Challenges in the Electric Enterprise offer New Business Opportunities • The Evolving Smart Grid Landscape is a channel to new products and services; business models • Energy Storage Solutions / Services are a key thread and part of this evolving landscape; • Opportunities for the right enabling technology(ies), services solution(s), providers, business model(s) • Global markets vary & require different solutions • Barriers and economics are also challenging – but that is why there is the opportunity for Innovation!© 2012 Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. All rights reserved. 2
  • 3. EPRI’s Role… Help Move Technologies to the Commercialization Stage… Technology Accelerator!© 2012 Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. All rights reserved. 5
  • 4. Key Strategic Technical Issues in the Electric Enterprise Solutions and services in each of these areas are potential growth & new business opportunities Smart Energy Long-Term Grid Efficiency Operations Renewable Resources Near Zero Water Resource and Integration Emissions Management© 2012 Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. All rights reserved. 7
  • 5. Today’s Power System … is Evolving, Creating New Opportunities for Products and Services Central generation, one-way power flow, passive consumers© 2012 Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. All rights reserved. 8
  • 6. Tomorrow’s Power System …will require expertise and know how in a variety of disciplines/services Distributed generation & Storage, two-way power flow,© 2012 Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. All rights reserved. 9
  • 7. Drivers and Opportunities for Electric Energy Storage Solutions in the U.S.• Managing increased wind and PV penetration on the grid• Increased need for flexible grid: Ancillary Services, balancing• Transmission and Distribution grid asset management – Managing grid peaks, T&D capital deployment, outage mitigation• High penetration of distributed PV systems on the grid• Enhancing the value of a Smart Grid: peak energy management; end-use energy management.© 2012 Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. All rights reserved. 10
  • 8. The Roles of Storage on the Grid Utility or customer side of meter; central to distributed; “silent & clean capacity“; energy management when and where it is needed. Bulk Storage Ancillary Services Thermal Distributed Storage StorageDistributed Storage Commercial Storage Residential V2G Storage © 2012 Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. All rights reserved. 11
  • 9. Categorizing Energy Storage ApplicationsSource: Sandia Report: Energy Storage for the Electricity Grid, Feb ruary 2010 Emerging Energy Options E2 O
  • 10. Application-Specific Benefits and Market Potential (US)Source: Sandia Report: Energy Storage for the Electricity Grid, Feb ruary 2010 Emerging Energy Options E2 O
  • 11. Technology Trends and Readiness Electric Energy Storage Options Research Development Demonstration Deployment Mature Technology NaS Flow Batteries ZnCl FeCr ZnBrAnticipated Level of RD&D Investment NaNiCl2 Pumped Hydro Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage (SMES) Advanced Lead Acid Lead Acid Nano-capacitors Na-ion Flywheels Li-ion Adv Li / metal Zn / Air Adiabatic CAES Super-capacitors Compressed Air Energy Storage (CAES) 2nd Generation 1st Generation Left end of arrow indicates current status; Right end of arrow indicates estimated 2020 development level. Time © 2012 Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. All rights reserved. 14
  • 12. Energy Storage Demonstrations in the U.S. Planned or Underway – List is Not Complete SustainX 1 MW / 4 MWh Isothermal CAES MA / NH DTE 500 kW / 250 kWh Li-ion MI (A123) NYSEG 145 MW Adv. CAES Watkins Glen, NY (EPRI) NGrid 500 kW / 3 MWh ZnBr NGrid 500 kW / 3 MWh ZnBr Everett, MA (Premium Power) Syracuse, NY (Premium Power) Xcel Energy 1.5 MW / 1.0 MW PG& E NaS Battery Denver, Co (Xtreme Power) (NGK) 25 kW / 50 kWh NaNiCl2 PJM 20 MW Flywheel (FIAMM) Chicago, IL (Beacon) SMUD 500 kW / 3 MWh ZnBr Sacramento, CA (Premium Power) DTE 500 kW / 250 kWh Li Ion MA (A123) 25 kWh Li-ion SMUD 5 kW / 9 kWh Li-ionBerkeley, CA (Seeo) (Saft) KCP&L Li-ion Kansas City, MO (Dow Kokam, Siemens) 25 MW Zn-Air Flow Battery PJM 3MW Adv Lead Acid Modesto, CA (Primus) Lyon Station, PA (East Amber Kinetics Flywheel Penn, Ecoult) Fremont, CA (LLNL) AEP 2 MW Li-ion for CES OH (International Battery, S&C) PG&E 300 MW Adv. CAES Carnegie Melon Na Ion Kern County, CA (EPRI) Pittsburgh, PA (Aquila) 250 kW / 1 MWh SCE 8 MW / 32 MWh Li-ion Iron / Chrome flow battery Tehachapi, CA (A123) Modesto, CA (Ktech Corp ) PNM Adv, Lead Acid Albuquerque, NM (East Penn) Vanadium ReDox (Prudent Energy) Duke 20 MW TBD Wind Support Notrees, TX © 2012 Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. All rights reserved. 16
  • 13. Current / Planned U.S. Li-ion Demonstrations List is Not Complete Auto Major Contract DTE: 500 kW No Auto Contract (A123) *Size of star indicates AEP: 2 MW scale of demo (Int’l Battery) NYPA: 1 MW / 250 kWh (Ultralife Corp) AES: 1 MW / 250 kWh (Altairnano)SMUD: 5kW / Duke Energy: 25 kW & 250 kW 9kWh (Kokam) (Saft) KCPL: 1 MW (Dow Kokam) Southern Co: 25 / 75 kWhSCE: 8 MW / 32 MWh (RW Beckett) (A123) Southern Co: 60 kW / 240 kWh (GreenSmith TS) Battery OEMs SCE: distributed Li-ion • A123Systems systems, 10 kWh each UCSD: 15 kWh • AltairNano (LG Chem) (Sanyo) • EnerDel • Saft APS: 0.5 MW • Dow Kokam (Electrovaya, ABB) • International Battery HECO: 5 kW / 20 kWh Progress Energy: 5 kW/ 20 kWh • GreenSmith / Thundersky (GreenSmith) (GreenSmith TS) • Sanyo HECO: 1 MW / 15 min • Ultralife (Altairnano) • Electrovaya • Kokam • Boston Power Field Trials of Li-ion Systems has Accelerated in the past 2 years © 2012 Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. All rights reserved. 17
  • 14. Present Value Installed Cost in $/kWh Accounting for both capital and operating costs Notes: All costs in 2012$; Costs will vary significantly based on site-specific conditions; Financials: IOU ownership; 15 year life; $30/MWH off-peak charging costs; natural gas @ $3/MBtu for CAES© 2012 Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. All rights reserved. 19
  • 15. The Value of Storage Present value of benefits expressed in $/kWh is a proxy for total allowable installed cost $2,000 $1,800 In ISO NE, there may be a few places where storage costing up to $1,600 $650/kWh is justified. System Capacity $1,400 PV $/kWh of Energy Storage But in most places in ISO NE, $1,200 storage must cost less than VAR Support $350/kWh to be justified. $1,000 Distribution Losses $800 Defer Dist. Investment $600 Voltage Support $400 Power Reliability $200 $0 Target High Target High Target High Target High Target High CAISO ERCOT ISONE NYISO PJM© 2012 Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. All rights reserved. 20
  • 16. The Value of Storage $2,000 $1,800 Regulation services offer a way to improve value… $1,600 …assuming storage is $1,400 PV $/kWh of Energy Storage allowed to bid into the Regulation $1,200 market System Capacity $1,000 VAR Support $800 Distribution Losses Defer Dist. Investment $600 Voltage Support $400 Power Reliability $200 $0 Target High Target High Target High Target High Target High CAISO ERCOT ISONE NYISO PJM© 2012 Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. All rights reserved. 21
  • 17. Opportunities in the Energy Storage Value Chain DC Storage Power Materials System Electronics System Integration Service Provider Packages Controls • Anode • DC Packs • 1-phase • Application • Application solution solution provider • Cathode • Firmware for • -3phase provider SOC Mgt • IPP • Electrolyte • Bi-directional • Turn key • Packaging • ESCO • Packaging • Islanding system • Lower cost provider • Smart Grid Integration • New enabling • Lower cost sub systems • O&M Support and materials systems • Smart Grid Integration Services • Smart Inverters • O&M Support • Tools & software to and Services monetize value streams and support • Planning & business case Analysis tools and services • Aggregation & management© 2012 Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. All rights reserved. 22
  • 18. Some Key Areas to Consider • PV and Storage Solutions – Max Penetration of PV on Distribution Grid – Storage / non-storage solutions • Customer Premise Energy Solutions – Development of win-win solutions for customer / utility – Natural gas DG + Storage - “the killer app?” • Centre of Excellence for Storage / DG in Smart Grid – Industry cluster; Public/Private Partnership – Inter-governmental collaboration© 2012 Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. All rights reserved. 23
  • 19. Together…Shaping the Future of Electricity Dan Rastler Sr. Mgr. Strategic Initiatives and Demonstrations Electric Power Research Institute drastler@epri.com 650-855-2034 Presented by: Mark Tinkler Principal Energy Consultant Emerging Energy Options tinkler.energyoptions@sympatico.ca Tel: 705-745-1243© 2012 Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. All rights reserved. 25