The SMAT Project: an Advanced Environment Monitoring System


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The SMAT Project: an Advanced Environment Monitoring System , from Phase 1 to Phase 2- Aerospace and Defence Meetings 2013

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The SMAT Project: an Advanced Environment Monitoring System

  1. 1. The SMAT Project: an Advanced Environment Monitoring System, from Phase 1 to Phase 2 Bruno Tranchero Torino, 2013 October 23rd
  2. 2. SMAT: Introduction SMAT main objective is to define, design and develop an Advanced Environment Monitoring System, based on Unmanned Air Systems (UAS). SMAT is a research project funded by the Regione Piemonte (Italy), managed by Finpiemonte and promoted through the Comitato Promotore del Distretto Aerospaziale Piemonte. It is also cofunded by Fondo europeo di sviluppo regionale (F.E.S.R.) within the operative regional program 2007/2013. 2
  3. 3. SMAT: A System of Systems 3
  4. 4. SMAT: Surveillance Needs • Monitoring of specific areas aimed at prevention – Monitoring of power transmission lines (power lines, gas and oil pipelines) – Monitoring of areas subject to fire hazard • Territory monitoring aimed at planning – Monitoring of rural districts – Monitoring of rivers/watercourses – Data gathering on urban areas – Traffic monitoring, both urban and suburban 4
  5. 5. SMAT: Surveillance Needs • Surveillance of areas subject to natural disasters (landslides, floods, earthquakes, …) – Continuous monitoring of areas hit by natural disasters – Support to the intervention forces with the possibility of providing a back-up communication facility to the damaged area • Border patrol – Border and coastline patrolling against illegal activities and illicit immigration – Search and rescue support • Surveillance of areas subject to human intervention – Areas with high industrialization and high pollution risk – Surveillance of major events 5
  6. 6. SMAT: Architecture SMAT is organized into three segments: aerial, ground and communications. Its architecture will be integrated with the existing surveillance network. Aerial Segment SMAT main Segment Ground components • Innovative UAV platforms: • Male • Mame • Light UAV • Mini UAV Payloads (e.g. EO/IR, hyperspectral, radar, …) • Control Stations Supervision and Coordination Station Communications • • Wireless (datalink) Landlines and control centres 6
  7. 7. SMAT: Main Components MALE Male– surveillance of wide areas at high altitude and high speed MAME – monitoring of limited areas at medium altitude and medium speed, rapid intervention, possibility to monitor a single point MAME Light UAV Mini UAV Light UAV – rapid dislocation and GCS possibility to hold over a critical point at very low altitude and speed GCS GCS Mini UAV – low altitude and low speed GCS missions, very easy management and transportation GCS – Controls the aircraft, route planning; first data analysis. Transmits Operative Centers SSC data to SSC SSC – Data analysis. Disseminates data to Operative Centres. Transmits mission data to GCS Operative Centres –Centres already present on the territory 7
  8. 8. SMAT: Components & Links 8
  9. 9. SMAT: Mission Profile • The aerial surveillance system will consist of: – a tier at regional level, based on a MALE UAV system – a tier at local level, composed of a MAME UAV system and of a Light UAV system – a further “ready-to-use” local tier based on mini-UAV. 9
  10. 10. SMAT Networking 10
  11. 11. SMAT: Phases • • • • • • • • • On-board Autonomous systems for UAS Sensors & Payload Management Data Exploitation End-user interfaces & Services AirSpace Integration Requirements Supervision e Coordination station (SSC) Integration of UAS and SSC Flight Demonstration 11
  12. 12. SMAT F1: Objectives General Objective To demonstrate the integration of the three UAS with the Supervision and Coordination Station (SSC) Specific Objectives – Define system requirements – Design and develop the SSC – Integrate the UAS with the SSC – Demonstrate the system operability by performing a specific mission 12
  13. 13. SMAT F1: Technologies • Integration of a complex and distributed system • Autonomous Flight • High altitude and high endurance flight • Diesel/Hybrid Propulsion, power generation system • Innovative materials • Navigation systems based on EGNOS/Galileo • Remote sensing Sensors • Communication Network 13
  14. 14. SMAT F1: Demo Selected test area main features: • Mountains • Hills • Plain terrain • Tanaro Basin • Agricultural Areas • Industrial Areas • Freeways • Railways 14
  15. 15. SMAT F1: Results Definition of the requirements of a surveillance system based on UAS, for different types of civil scenarios. Design and development of a Station of Supervision and Coordination (SSC), the central node of the architecture of SMAT for the management of information gathered by the UASs and for the data processing. Integration of the Control Stations (CS) of each UAV with the Station of Supervision and Coordination (SSC). Demonstration of the operation of the entire system on a representative scenario, relevant for the Piedmont Region. European Record. The demonstration of the SMAT F1 project was conducted successfully on Friday 30 September 2011 over Cuneo with 3 UAS: •Flying jointly and at the same time in the same civil air space •Taking off from, and landing at, a civil airport •In an area located over land. Falco Route C-Fly Route Sky-Y Route Demo Route 15
  16. 16. SMAT F1: Working Team SME Universities technology Research Centres ISMB Polito Unito tec hno log y SME SME SME Big Big industry industry Big Industry Alenia Aermacchi Selex ES Altec SME Nimbus Axis Nautilus Blue group Envisens Carcerano Sepa Spaic Digisky Synarea Auconel 16
  17. 17. SMAT F2: Objectives To continue SMAT F1, moving from a conceptual demonstration to an optimized solution aimed to find answers to the end-users needs. To develop enabling technologies for the system SMAT, for a short-medium term market view. To address procedural issues, in order to develop the capacity to operate in realistic situations. To demonstrate the functional capabilities of the system, able to meet the end-user needs in different applications. 17
  18. 18. SMAT F2: Project structure The SMAT-F2 project is designed to address a number of technological and procedural macro-themes: UAS autonomy Development of autonomous capabilities to support the Remote Pilot, which will allow the system to perform certain tasks autonomously, according to well-defined logics. Sensor & Payload Management Development and Integration of sensors and related management logic, to carry out the monitoring mission. Data Exploitation Development of the processing capabilities of the acquired data. End-user Interfaces & Services Definition of the interfaces for the end-user. Integration into the airspace Rules and procedures for the integration of the UAS into the airspace. 18
  19. 19. SMAT F2: Working Team 19
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  21. 21. Thank You