What is Futsal? By Elena Velasco Serrano, Juan Velasco Arjona and Manuel Gámez VílchezThe main objective of futsal is to poke the ball into the opponents goal to score agoal. The futsal is played with the feet, except the goalkeeper, who can use hishands in your area. This sport is very similar to football, but in some waysadapted to the rules of other sports. For example, there are two types of penalties andfouls are cumulative.Each team has twelve players, five ones in the field and seven ones on the bench,including goalkeeper and one of them shall act as the captain.The length of the match is 40 minutes, divided in 2 two periods of 20 minutesand 10 minutes of resting time.Origins The origin of futsal dates back to 1930 in Uruguay. Due to the lack of free fields, children in Montevideo started playing soccer at basketball camps taught by the professor Juan Carlos Ceriani. He drew with chalk the goalposts on the walls, but later he started using thewater-polos goals. He use the rules of football, handball, basketball and evenwater-polo to create this new sport. The futsal caused a sensation in Uruguay andlater it become famous in the rest of South America and was gradually extendedto several parts of the world.Futsal arrived to Spain in the 70s, but there are different versions about the exact
year, some people says it arrived in 1971 to A Coruña. Others says this sport wasintroduced in 1972 in the YMCA Club of Madrid.At the institutional level the CSD decided that this new sport belonged to theAmateur Football National Committee of the Spanish football federation. Theygive a set of guidelines to his territorial federations to organized official futsalcompetitions. The first competition was celebrated in 1979, It was won by “Time Interviú-XXV”. Currently futsal is the sport with more players in Spain. There are local, regional and national leagues. Our national team is, close to Brasil, the best team of the world, Spain has won twice the futsal wordlcup and six times the futsal Eurocup. DID YOU KNOW? Brazil are the current FIFA FUTSAL World Champions and have won both the FIFA Football World Cup and FUTSAL World Cup more times than any other country. Many of the world’s greatest footballers did not play 11 aside football until well into their teenage years. FUTSAL is how many of the giants of world football were introduced to the beautiful game, particularly in South America and Europe. There are over 30 million registered FUTSAL players worldwide. In Italy alone, it is estimated that there are four million registered FUTSAL players compared to one million registered 11 aside players.
The track of Futsal By Cristian Orellana Ariza, Óscar Velasco Muñoz and Cristóbal Espadas BalmizaThe track consists of two lines of band and two goal lines. These form a rectangle.The length must be between 25 meters and 42 meters maximum. Width must bebetween 16 meters and 25 meters. When the match is international, the measuresrange is reduced. The length must be between 38 and 42 meters and the widthbetween 20 and 25 meters.Anyway, the track tend to have measures of 40x20 meters. On each side there is apenalty area, which has a dimension of six meters from the goal line. This area iswhere the goalkeeper can use his hands.The double penalty is at four meters from the penalty area.
FUTSAL EQUIPMENTBy Patric Espadas Jiménez, Carmen Arjona Gámez and Patricia Chamizo ValdiviaThe playing kit is made up of a football style jersey, shorts, socks, and shinguards. For footwear, non-marking court shoes or specialist indoor football/FUTSAL shoes are used. They must have a plain and a non- skid sole.
The goalkeeper must wear a differentcoloured shirt to the rest of the team andcan wear long trousers to protect the legswhen diving. The goalkeeper will oftenwear knee and/or elbow pads andgoalkeeper gloves either the standardfootball variety or specialist FUTSALgloves that leave the finger tips exposed(for easy ball handling). The ball of Futsal is smaller than the football’s one. It also has a heavier weight than a regulation football. The resulting restricted bounce of the futsal ball makes it easier for young or inexperienced players to master their ball control skills and assists players greatly with their dribbling, passing and close control.
Main Rules By Inés Orellana Hurtado, Alba Pinto Orellana and Silvia Gabriel VelascoThe way of playing futsal is really similar to football, but there are some mainrules you have to know: Loan deal: There are two different ways of committing this infraction. When the goalkeeper receives a voluntary pass from a companion and he catches the ball with the hand When the goalkeeper, after he has done a clearance or puts the ball in game, he receives a pass from a companion before the ball has passed the midline or an opponent has touched the ball. Throw in: As the ball crosses the lines side, for the soil or for el air and his return the court shall be by a pitch withn the foot froom the places where out the ball, for a player of team contrary a who touched for last time.
Cumulative Fouls: This rules says that when a team have commited five fouls, the next one gives the opponent the chance of kicking a double penalty where there is no barrer. The opponent can also decides to kick the ball from the site where the foul where commited (without barrer)Goalkeeper:He can’t passthe midline.To do that hehas to changehis t-shirt.This way, histeam playswithoutgoalkeeper. Substitutions: futsal has no limit of substitutions. You can do as many as you want and whenever you want.
Technical-tactical skills By Raul Soria Ariza, Samuel Luque Vílchez and Carla Gámez RayaMany of the skills used in outdoor football come into play on the futsal court.There are however, some notable technical skills frequently used in FUTSALwhich are directly influenced by the smaller, weighted ball and the smaller courtsurface. Two such skills are: • trapping with the sole. As the ball tends to stay on the floor, the sole of the foot is often used to bring the ball under control. It is also used to protect possession and in moves to beat opposing players; • the use of the toe to propel the ball. Players tend to be closed down very quickly in futsal and the time the player has tomake a pass or to shoot can be limited to a split second. Therefore, the toe is oftenused to play the ball. Even with a small backlift, the point of the toe connectingwith a futsal ball can produce a very powerful shot!
Finally, rotation is the most important collective skill in futsal. It consist in theway how Players tend to rotate positions often and find they can be defending onemoment and attacking the next. FUTSAL encourages players to play in allpositions on the court, close to the lack of transition phase between attack anddefence, ask players for the necessity of adjust their positions quickly.
Futsal in Palenciana By Rosario Antequera Ramirez, Marcos Arjona Muñoz, Rafa Gámez Montes, Carmen Hurtado Vela and José Manuel Melero Espinosa. The futsal club in Palenciana is “A.J. Palenciana”. It was created in 1988 with a crystal clear pursue, allow children play sports and visit different cities and towns. A.J. Palenciana is more than futsal. It encompasses futsal, handball and basketball. Many chidren go to do sport to most part of Andalusia every weekend.Currently, A.J. Palenciana plays in acompetition calls “Provincial Cordobesa”.Maybe the most important futsalcompetition we organized in Palenciana isthe “marathon”, when many teams fromother villages come to join in a competitionduring 24 hours and teams play match allthe day and night long.
A.J. Palenciana won the marathon in 2011. The marathon of Palenciana is well known in most part of Andalusia. The best retired player is Antonio Cabello Plasencia. He played as goalkeeper and full-back and he was a coach in the benjamin team.Nowadays, some of our best players are Manuel Aguilar (15 years), RafaelGámez (14 years), Miguel Ramírez (11 years) and Juan Manuel Muñoz (9years). WE HOPE YOU ENJOY PLAYING FUTSAL!