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The very unofficial Facebook Privacy Manual
 

The very unofficial Facebook Privacy Manual

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    The very unofficial Facebook Privacy Manual The very unofficial Facebook Privacy Manual Document Transcript

    • The Unofficial Facebook Privacy Manual The Unofficial Facebook Privacy Manual By: Angela Alcorn http://netsav oir.com/ Edited by Justin PotThis manual is the intellectual property of MakeUseOf. It must only be published in itsoriginal form. Using parts or republishing altered parts of this guide is prohibited. http://netsavoir.com/ | Angela Alcorn MakeUseOf.com Page 2
    • The Unofficial Facebook Privacy ManualTable of ContentsIntroduction .......................................................................................................................... 5 A realistic look at privacy online .................................................................................... 5Using Facebook’s Privacy Settings .................................................................................... 7 Customise and Preview Settings .................................................................................... 8 Levels of Privacy ............................................................................................................... 9 Who can see your information on Facebook ............................................................ 10 Regarding Minors........................................................................................................ 11 Friends Only: A Quick Universal Setting ....................................................................... 11 Search Results & Google ............................................................................................... 12 Remove Yourself From Facebook Search............................................................... 12 Remove Yourself from Google Search Results ....................................................... 13 Controlling ―Places‖....................................................................................................... 14Managing Friends With Lists .............................................................................................. 15 Changing privacy settings for certain friend lists ....................................................... 15 Viewing filtered news feed & editing lists ................................................................ 17 Using friends lists to manage chat priv acy ............................................................. 18Fundamental Privacy Controls......................................................................................... 20 Privacy of your basic updates ...................................................................................... 21 Deleting a Status Update .......................................................................................... 22 Posting on other peoples walls ................................................................................ 23 Photo Albums & Tagging............................................................................................... 23 Ev ents Privacy ................................................................................................................. 24 Facebook Message Privacy ......................................................................................... 25 Networks .......................................................................................................................... 26 Groups.............................................................................................................................. 26 Pages ............................................................................................................................... 26 Questions ......................................................................................................................... 27 Controlling who can write on your wall ...................................................................... 27 Control w ho can comment on posts ...................................................................... 28 Control w ho can see posts by friends on your w all ............................................... 29 Control w ho sees photos tagged as you.................................................................... 29 http://netsavoir.com/ | Angela Alcorn MakeUseOf.com Page 3
    • The Unofficial Facebook Privacy Manual Customise Settings.......................................................................................................... 31 Things you share.......................................................................................................... 31 Contact information .................................................................................................. 32 Control w ho sees your friend list................................................................................... 33 Basic Directory Information........................................................................................... 33 Allowing people to find you without being too public ......................................... 34 Block Lists ......................................................................................................................... 34 Account Security............................................................................................................ 36 Passwords..................................................................................................................... 37 Logging Out ................................................................................................................ 37 Quitting Facebook ......................................................................................................... 37 Deactivating Your Facebook Account................................................................... 37 Deleting Your Facebook Account........................................................................... 39 Facebook After Death............................................................................................... 39 Other privacy issues to be aw are of............................................................................ 39 General Advice .......................................................................................................... 40 Facebook Privacy in the Future ................................................................................... 40 Regularly check your privacy settings ..................................................................... 40Managing Applications & Websites ................................................................................ 42 Understanding Facebook Application Privacy Issues ........................................... 43 Managing Application Permissions .......................................................................... 44 Blocking and reporting applications ........................................................................... 45 Managing notifications from applications ................................................................. 46Further Considerations ...................................................................................................... 47 Consider Your Updates.................................................................................................. 47 Remember Your Privacy................................................................................................ 47Conclusion .......................................................................................................................... 48 http://netsavoir.com/ | Angela Alcorn MakeUseOf.com Page 4
    • The Unofficial Facebook Privacy ManualIntroductionTo fully understand priv acy on Facebook, and how its likely to ev olve, you need tounderstand one thing. I n short: Facebook executives want everyone to be public. Asthe service evolves executives tend to fav our open access to information, meaningas time marches on information you think is priv ate will slowly become public.That doesn’t mean you can’t be priv ate if you w ant to; Facebook gives its users theoption to lock things dow n. But users need to be aw are of the controls, how to usethem and how to prepare for future Facebook privacy changes. Facebook hasn’t,and w on’t, make this information obv ious, and that’s w here this guide comes in.A realistic look at privacy onlineThink about the reality of your information online. I nformation about you is alreadyav ailable in many places, so you need to remain aw are of the w hole picture inorder to keep yourself, your friends and your family safe.Ensure that the information you put online cant be collected to put yourself oranyone you know in danger. For example: I f your name and address appear in the phone book, dont publicly tell people on Facebook w hen youre going aw ay for the w eekend.A basic w ay to guard your priv acy is to behave as if every piece of informationonline is already public. Given this premise, try not to add anything to a picture thatallow s a stranger to know exactly where you w ill be, w here you live or puts you indanger in any w ay.I ts a good idea to understand the many w ays in w hich your privacy could bebreached online. I ts not alw ays w hat you might expect. Your friends might share your information w ithout knowing you w anted to keep it priv ate. For example: ◦ Putting photos of you online or tagging you in photos (especially those w hich make it clear w here you w ere at a giv en time). ◦ Sharing your phone number, address or childs name. ◦ Mentioning publicly that you are going aw ay for the w eekend. ◦ Excitedly sharing new s you only w anted a few people to know. ◦ Accidentally sharing a screenshot that shows your private information. Someone might deliberately share your information. For example: http://netsavoir.com/ | Angela Alcorn MakeUseOf.com Page 5
    • The Unofficial Facebook Privacy Manual ◦ After a relationship break-up or a fight betw een friends. ◦ Because of jealousy or rivalry (lov e triangles, classmates, co-workers, siblings). Someone might be tricked or coerced into showing your information as they see it. Someone else might hav e a security breach (virus, left account logged in). People might lie about w ho they are to get your trust (or someone elses). Default priv acy settings may change. Someone might hack into your data. Police might legitimately ask to access your data (or a friends data), exposing your actions to a public court case. There may be a glitch that exposes information. A hacker or ex-friend may deliberately spread misinformation about you.You get the idea: human error and technical glitches can and w ill occur, while somepeople may hurt you deliberately.The best defence? Be careful what is online in the first place. Priv acy settings help,but that’s it. Dont ev er trust the settings to protect you entirely.I f there is anything you specifically w ant to keep private for any reason, make sureyour friends know w hat it is and w hy. For example: You may w ork in a profession where it is prudent to keep your true identity obscured (teaching, law , military secrets, mental health care).The trick w ith setting your privacy settings is to consider all possible privacy breaches,then use the priv acy settings to minimise the possibility of a breach (or reduce thedamage caused by a breach). For example: I f you nev er put your sexy bedroom photos on Facebook, then a Facebook glitch w ill nev er accidentally be make them public. Better still: dont take any. Set your priv acy settings so that photos of you are, tagged by other people, are seen only by a specific list of friends. This means unflattering party photos taken aren’t seen by ev eryone you know. Filtering, so that your co-w orkers cant see comments on your w all, w ill limit their exposure to personal comments made by your friends.Hopefully w eve got you thinking about w hat you need to control, and w hy. The restof this guide looks at how , so let’s get started! http://netsavoir.com/ | Angela Alcorn MakeUseOf.com Page 6
    • The Unofficial Facebook Privacy ManualUsing Facebook’s Privacy SettingsLet’s take a look at the priv acy settings, shall w e?The Account > Privacy Settings page show s a quick table ov erview of your currentpriv acy settings. Most privacy setting changes can be accessed through this page.There is a ―Customise Settings‖ option in the middle, and at the top and bottom youcan also see links to priv acy controls for directory information, applications, block listsand learning more. These are all important priv acy navigation links. http://netsavoir.com/ | Angela Alcorn MakeUseOf.com Page 7
    • The Unofficial Facebook Privacy ManualCustomise and Preview SettingsTo customise your basic settings, click on ―customise settings‖ in the low er part of thepage:On the ―customise settings‖ page, the current privacy level of each setting is show nto the right of each option. Clicking it w ill rev eal a menu w here you can choose anoption. These are your basic priv acy controls.While youre learning about priv acy settings its good to check that you understandev erything. There is a tool here that can help: ―Preview my Profile‖. http://netsavoir.com/ | Angela Alcorn MakeUseOf.com Page 8
    • The Unofficial Facebook Privacy ManualThis prev iew shows you w hat a normal v isitor to your profile will see. If you type afriends name in the search box it w ill show you exactly w hat that person sees whenthey v iew your profile.This w ill come in v ery handy w hen you start experimenting with controlling privacyinformation.Levels of PrivacyYou’ll notice, as you change these settings, that there are four main lev els of privacyav ailable. http://netsavoir.com/ | Angela Alcorn MakeUseOf.com Page 9
    • The Unofficial Facebook Privacy ManualHere’s w hat they mean: Everyone – Absolutely everyone, on Facebook or not. I ncludes your ex- boyfriend, grandmother, future boss, stalker, strangers, etc. Friends of Friends – The people your friends are friends with but you hav ent directly called a friend yourself. I ncludes people at the same party as you last w eek, best friends co-workers, your high school friends aunty, etc. Friends Only – Just the people w ho you hav e called a ―friend‖ on Facebook. Customise – Here you can set a more fine-grained control over your privacy. Using names or friend lists, you can make things v isible to only certain friends, limit access for certain friends or a particular setting viewable to ―only me‖.Dont forget: ―Posts by me‖ includes your status updates, links you share, photos youupload and anything else you might ―post‖ to your w all from applications. There aregood reasons for limiting all of your ―posts by me‖, including: Ensuring your basic priv acy is maintained ev en if you forget. Not clogging up the new s feed of people you don’t really know.Who can see your information on FacebookLet’s say it again: always assume everything is public. That being said, there are afew things that are alw ays public, and a few that can be made a little more priv ate: Things that are always public (ie, beyond your control) include questions, comments on Facebook help pages, comments on application help pages, show ing up as an attendee at a public ev ent, your name and current profile picture, your gender and your netw orks. http://netsavoir.com/ | Angela Alcorn MakeUseOf.com P a g e 10
    • The Unofficial Facebook Privacy Manual Things that most people think is private (but are public by default) include Google search results, letting applications your friends use know your information, pages you ―like‖, allowing websites and applications you use know your information, instant personalisation by Facebook partner sites, ability to add you as a friend, ability to send you a message, status updates, bio & fav ourite quotes, current location, hometown, interests, relationships and family. Things which friends of friends can see or do—w hich most people w ant to change to ―friends only‖ or make ev en more private—include photo albums, photos and v ideos youre tagged in, see your w all posts made by your mutual friends, religious beliefs, political beliefs, education, w ork history and your birthday. Things which your friends can see or do—which most people w ant to change to a subset of friends or make entirely priv ate—include status updates, show ing people which applications you use (and w hich ones youve used recently), posting responses on your posts, email addresses, IM details, phone numbers, address, posting to your w all, tagging you in photos, seeing your entire friend list, inv iting you to ev ents, inviting you to use applications and searching for you on Facebook.You may also w ish to block a particular user, meaning they can’t see anythingabout you.Regarding MinorsUnder-18s hav e a little more protection on Facebook. Even if they change theirsettings to be public, Facebook w ill ensure they do not show up in Google searches,and their information is only v isible to friends of friends or their networks. What is stillpublic to all is their name, profile picture, gender and netw orks.This means that if a teenager has joined a high school network, that netw orkinformation is v iewable by ev eryone. This is a big security concern; it means peopleknow where they will be on a regular basis. Teenagers should also be reminded tocheck their security settings before they turn 18: the protection expires then.Friends Only: A Quick Universal SettingOv erwhelmed already? Well, if you don’t w ant to spend a lot of time messingaround w ith settings, the ―Friend’s Only‖ option is a great first step. Make this changeand only people you’v e allowed to see your profile will be able to do so.Brow se to Account > Privacy Settings, then click on ―friends only‖ on the left handside follow ed by ―apply these settings‖. http://netsavoir.com/ | Angela Alcorn MakeUseOf.com P a g e 11
    • The Unofficial Facebook Privacy ManualThis is the quickest and easiest w ay to protect your basic privacy needs onFacebook. There are many other important security features and priv acy concernsto note, but this is decent, quick solution.On the other hand, you can’t necessarily trust your friends to not share information.Always be careful about w hat you w rite online.Search Results & GoogleBy default, all adults can be found in search results w ithin Facebook and v ia searchengines such as Google. I f your basic priv acy settings are set to ―Friends Only‖ you’realready cov ered; if not, there’s a simple fix.Remove Yourself From Facebook SearchGo to Account > Privacy Settings, then choose ―View Settings‖ from ―Basic DirectoryI nformation‖. http://netsavoir.com/ | Angela Alcorn MakeUseOf.com P a g e 12
    • The Unofficial Facebook Privacy ManualUnder ―Search for me on Facebook‖, choose ―Friends Only‖ to be as secure aspossible or ―Friends of Friends‖ if you prefer. Either of these options will remove youfrom public Facebook search results, as w ell as Google search results.Remove Yourself from Google Search ResultsI f your Facebook search availability is set to ―Ev eryone‖ you can still choose toremov e yourself from Google search results.To remov e yourself from Google search results, go to your Account > Privacy Settingsand choose ―Applications and Websites‖. Choose the ―Public Search‖ section, then―Edit Settings‖.Deselect the option to ―Enable Public Search‖. http://netsavoir.com/ | Angela Alcorn MakeUseOf.com P a g e 13
    • The Unofficial Facebook Privacy ManualControlling “Places”Facebook Places is Facebooks geolocation feature. When it w as deployed, allFacebook users were automatically set to publicly rev eal their location. Not onlythat, but friends are able to tag users as being at a certain location, meaning ev enusers not intending to tag themselv es could suddenly find their location is public onFacebook.Go to Account > Privacy Settings, then change your setting for ―Places I check in to‖to w hatever youre comfortable with.Then uncheck the option to ―I nclude me in People here now after I check in‖. http://netsavoir.com/ | Angela Alcorn MakeUseOf.com P a g e 14
    • The Unofficial Facebook Privacy Manual Managing Friends With ListsFriends lists can be used to filter your new s feed, choose who you want to chat w ith,make ev ent invitations easier and filter your updates and personal information fromcertain people. Theyre extremely useful and best set up as soon as possible, so thatyou can add friends to the right lists as you connect w ith them on Facebook.From the home page, click on the ―Friends‖ application. Then, at the top youll see―Create a List‖.A few lists youll probably w ant to make: Relationship to you: Friends; Family; Professional; Acquaintance. How much you like them: Best friends; People you w ant to hear from; People you dont w ant to chat to often. How you know them: Clubs & Associations; School/University; Conference; Mutual I nterest; Social Circle.These groups are just recommendations; you’ll discov er what’s useful for you as w econtinue.Changing privacy settings for certain friend listsAlmost ev ery privacy setting and update on Facebook can be fine-tuned to becontrolled by friends list. I ts a v ery powerful privacy tool.For example: w henever you update your status, add photos or add a link you shouldsee a little padlock. Click this to set the security level for just that update, ov erridinggeneral priv acy settings. http://netsavoir.com/ | Angela Alcorn MakeUseOf.com P a g e 15
    • The Unofficial Facebook Privacy ManualThen choose ―specific people‖.You can then choose w ho CAN see the update and w ho CANNOT see the update,using lists. This means that people youv e forgotten to add to the appropriate listscant see the element in question by default, but that’s better than a message goingout to ev eryone! http://netsavoir.com/ | Angela Alcorn MakeUseOf.com P a g e 16
    • The Unofficial Facebook Privacy ManualNote that the method for filtering priv acy settings by friend list is much the same as itis for an update.When you sav e the settings you can continue to post the update as normal. Click onthe padlock if you w ant to re-enter the settings w eve just been through.Once posted, you can check the settings by hov ering over the padlock symbol. Viewing filtered news feed & editing listsGo to the Friends application from your home page, then click on the list you needto edit. Note that this is also how you v iew filtered news feeds.Click ―edit list‖ in the top right and click on w hoever you need to add to or remov efrom the list. http://netsavoir.com/ | Angela Alcorn MakeUseOf.com P a g e 17
    • The Unofficial Facebook Privacy Manual Using friends lists to manage chat privacyFacebook Chat is handy, but if you hav e 500 friends you might not w ant all of themdemanding access to your brain. Manage it all w ith lists. To edit your lists, click onchat then click on ―Friends lists.‖I f the w indow pops up and youv e run out of space, the hack to get around this is topop out the chat w indow. Go to options, then choose ―Pop out w indow‖.From there, simply ensure the lists you w ant hav e ticks next to them. Decide w ho youw ant to talk to most, w ho you w ill only talk to if youre bored and chatty and w hoyoud like to filter out on occasion. For example: Best friends; Family; Professionalcontacts; Ov erly chatty people.Re-order the lists. http://netsavoir.com/ | Angela Alcorn MakeUseOf.com P a g e 18
    • The Unofficial Facebook Privacy ManualDrag them around and click ―Finished Re-ordering‖.Now you can be online to some people and offline to others.To the right of each list is a green symbol – click to appear offline to all on the list.The grey symbol means that youre now offline for those people. http://netsavoir.com/ | Angela Alcorn MakeUseOf.com P a g e 19
    • The Unofficial Facebook Privacy Manual Fundamental Privacy ControlsSetting up Facebook can be confusing, especially if you don’t know what’s goingon. For example, you’ll be asked if you w ant to search your IM and email contacts:Before you enter anything, be aw are: Facebook will remember all your contactsand use that information to suggest connections.Also, Facebook doesnt make you enter your passw ord in order to upload yourcontacts. I t w ill find contacts from whichever account youre logged in to, regardlessof w hich email address you enter in to Facebook. Sneaky, huh?The first page is a list of contacts found in your w ebmail account that are already onFacebook. I ts worth looking through the list carefully, rather than clicking ―selectall‖, since it w ill also find people w ho you dont really know but email from time totime.The next page is ev eryone else in your address book. De-select everyone RIGHTNOW. This w ill send a friend request from you to ev eryone youve ever emailed fromthat w ebmail account: ex-boyfriends, old co-workers, teachers, administration staff,tech support, mailing lists...ev eryone. There may be a few people you want to inv ite,but de-select everyone first! http://netsavoir.com/ | Angela Alcorn MakeUseOf.com P a g e 20
    • The Unofficial Facebook Privacy ManualPrivacy of your basic updatesWhen a Facebook user posts and updates, it show s up in the new s feeds of friends. Italso goes on the user’s w all, meaning v isitors to their profile can see recent activity.Depending on the priv acy levels chosen, an update can also be show n to friends offriends or beyond (ie, on netw orks and community pages.)Tagging a person, using status updates, notes tagging, photo tagging or v ideotagging, w ill also make that update appear in that persons profile and in the new sfeeds of their friends.When you tag an ev ent, group or page, not only w ill your friends see this on yourw all and in their new s feed: the update w ill show up on the w all of the relev antev ent, group or page and the new s feeds of people following that group, ev ent orpage. Your priv acy settings can offset this.For example, the follow ing exchange was one I saw in my home feed. I knew the girllisted at the top as commenting on the status. I dont know the person who w rotethe original status or any of the people w ho w rote the other comments. http://netsavoir.com/ | Angela Alcorn MakeUseOf.com P a g e 21
    • The Unofficial Facebook Privacy ManualBecause this persons status update w as somewhat public, Facebook shared thatw ith people like me: a friend of his friend. This post w as obviously popular, so theFacebook new s feed deemed this to be an important update.When updating your status, keep in mind your priv acy settings and the possibilities ofw ho might see it. Deleting a Status UpdateTo delete a status update, go to your w all (on your profile). Hov er on the right handside of the update and you w ill see a ―remov e‖ button. Click that and confirm thedelete.When you delete it, the update is remov ed from your w all, your friends news feedsand from the ―current status‖ display at the top of your profile.Theres a similar function, w hich is a little confusing to new people: the ―clear‖ linkw hich sits next to the ―current status‖ display. http://netsavoir.com/ | Angela Alcorn MakeUseOf.com P a g e 22
    • The Unofficial Facebook Privacy Manual―Clear‖ w ont remove the update from your w all or news feed; it just clears the―current status‖.Posting on other peoples wallsConsider w all posts to be the equiv alent of sharing an anecdote in the middle of acocktail party. All their friends and family are there – and yours are too. Dont sayanything you w ouldnt say in this crow ded room!Photo Albums & TaggingNot sure about your priv acy settings? Dont add a location or your photos might beshared w ith far more people than you think.You can change the priv acy of each album by editing the album and clicking onthe padlock. Ev en if you hav e changed your privacy settings to ―Friends Only‖ it w illonly apply to future photo albums. You need to change older albums manually. http://netsavoir.com/ | Angela Alcorn MakeUseOf.com P a g e 23
    • The Unofficial Facebook Privacy ManualFacebook makes it possible to tag someone ev en if that person is not a friend ofyours, or not on Facebook. Think carefully, or talk to the person, before you do this.Some people hav e v ery good reasons to not w ant their details, photos and nameson Facebook.I ts good practise to check with people before you put photos of them on Facebook(or anyw here on the internet) at all.Events PrivacyYou really w ant to set how public an ev ent is BEFORE you start adding addresses orinv iting your friends.I f you create your event through the publisher (home page or profile), it w ill be apublic ev en by default. This means anyone can see it, search for it, see the addressand see w ho is inv ited. Not good if its at your house!I t also goes straight to your update feed w hile its still public. So, make sure you dontuse this w hen the name of the ev ent is something like ―Surprise birthday party forKelly‖.I f you create the ev ent using the ―What are you planning?‖ box of the home pageyou can set it to be public or priv ate using the padlock. http://netsavoir.com/ | Angela Alcorn MakeUseOf.com P a g e 24
    • The Unofficial Facebook Privacy ManualOr, w hen you edit the ev ent, make sure you un-check the public box. I f your event ispublic it is not just seen by all of your friends: it is also public for ev eryone onFacebook.The other priv acy option listed: to show or hide the guest list. For larger ev ents, wherethe guests dont necessarily know each other, its probably best to hide the guest list.Decide before you inv ite people.Also, be careful w ith exact addresses and too many details. Dont put priv ate detailsinto a public ev ent!Facebook Message PrivacyAs w ith email, be aw are when messages sent to a lot of people come in. The defaultreply option is to ―reply to all‖. Dont click this unless you w ant ev eryone to read yourreply! http://netsavoir.com/ | Angela Alcorn MakeUseOf.com P a g e 25
    • The Unofficial Facebook Privacy ManualYou can respond to just one person by clicking the w ord ―reply‖ next to their namein the thread.NetworksNetw orks are groups of people (educational institution or workplace). You canadjust your priv acy settings to allow or disallow people from your netw orks to seeyour v arious activities or information, so be aw are if you’re a member of anyparticular netw ork.GroupsBe aw are that anything you post to group w alls and discussions (or tag w ith a group)w ill be v iewable by the other people in the group (and potentially by your friends).This all depends on the settings of the group, and your priv acy settings. Just considerit public and be careful w hat you say.Pages http://netsavoir.com/ | Angela Alcorn MakeUseOf.com P a g e 26
    • The Unofficial Facebook Privacy ManualBy ―liking‖ a fan page youre show ing appreciation for the blog, product,organisation, political figure, company, activ ity or sentiment. I t will show up on yourprofile and you w ill see updates in your new s feed and messages.QuestionsQuestion and answ ers are public, period. None of your security settings will stopthese from being public.When you ask your first question you’ll be reminded of this:Note that you can unfollow your question at any time to stop getting notifications.Controlling who can write on your wallNot much control here: it’s either ―Your Friends‖ or no one. Go to Account > PrivacySettings and choose ―Customise Settings‖.Then look for ―things others share‖ and make adjustments as you see fit. http://netsavoir.com/ | Angela Alcorn MakeUseOf.com P a g e 27
    • The Unofficial Facebook Privacy ManualControl who can comment on postsYou can control exactly w ho is able to comment about your status updates andother peoples w all comments. I ts possible to mark these as ―friends only‖, but w henyou hav e multiple circles of friends on Facebook that sometimes isnt enough. Whatif your boss sees something one of your high school friends wrote? Or your grandmasees something one of your football friends w rote?Not all things can be customised, but you can make an effort to minimise potentialrisk by using friend lists.For instance, w e can change w ho can ―comment on posts‖ by customising thefield.We can then choose the specific people who can comment on posts, and specificpeople w ho cannot. http://netsavoir.com/ | Angela Alcorn MakeUseOf.com P a g e 28
    • The Unofficial Facebook Privacy ManualSo, in order to keep things in order, w e limit w ho can comment to just people w etrust.A setup like this should prev ent a lot of surprise comments.Control who can see posts by friends on your wallAn added security measure is to control w ho can see updates your friends leave onyour w all. This can be managed using friends lists, nominating exactly w ho can seeyour friends w all updates and w ho can nev er see the updates from your friends onyour w all. Note they w ill still be able to see your updates.From Account > Privacy Settings, choose ―Customise Settings‖. Youll find the w allv isibility controls under ―Things others share‖ and ―Can see w all posts by friends‖.Control who sees photos tagged as youThis is useful, and not just for keeping drunk pictures from your boss. What if your friend looks great in a picture, but youre stuck mid-sentence looking aw ful? What if high school friends decide to upload old photos? What if a family member adds some pictures of you as a kid? What photos could an ex-boyfriend put up? What if someone tags a photo as you and its not you? What if someones just trying to get your attention and theyre actually selling an old bike? http://netsavoir.com/ | Angela Alcorn MakeUseOf.com P a g e 29
    • The Unofficial Facebook Privacy Manual How about meme pictures w ith a page full of characters and one friend tagged for each picture? Are you likely to be ―Mr. Messy‖?Who do you w ant to see all these pictures? Your boss? Old classmates? Your niece?People youre trying to netw ork with professionally?You can no longer limit w ho is allow ed to tag photos of you; you can only controlw ho can see the tagged photos.To do this, go to Account > Privacy Settings, then choose ―Customise Settings‖.The best w ay to use your filters to manage tagged photos of yourself is to hav e botha w hitelist and a blacklist. Anyone w ho isnt on one of the allow ed lists w ill not beable to see photos tagged of you –a good default in case you missed anyone! http://netsavoir.com/ | Angela Alcorn MakeUseOf.com P a g e 30
    • The Unofficial Facebook Privacy ManualThe default priv acy settings for photos you upload is controlled by ―Posts by you‖along w ith status updates, links and other basic updates. Prev iously uploadedphotos can be locked dow n on an album-by-album basis; follow the link from thepriv acy settings page or go into the albums directly.Customise SettingsFrom Account > Privacy Settings, choose ―Customise Settings‖ to see the many basicpersonal priv acy settings you can change.Almost all of these can be fine-tuned using friend lists. You should check most ofthem out.Things you shareI f you hav e confirmed family relationships, these can be seen by your Facebookcontacts. Who do you w ant to hav e easy access to the Facebook profiles of yourkids?Also think about potentially v olatile information. Do you w ant your w orkmatesknow ing your political preferences? Sexual preferences? And w ho should be able tosee if you break up w ith your partner?Dont forget that ―Posts by me‖ controls photo uploads, links and general updates.Lock this dow n to av oid accidental exposure and to av oid over-sharing informationw ith people w ho dont need to know. http://netsavoir.com/ | Angela Alcorn MakeUseOf.com P a g e 31
    • The Unofficial Facebook Privacy ManualContact informationLimit your contact information to just your good friends by using friend lists. Limit bothw ho CAN see the information and w ho CANT see it. Do you w ant all your Facebookfriends to know your phone number? Your address?Fine-tune exactly w ho sees your personal email, univ ersity email and w ork emailaddresses using friend list filters to show the address you want them to contact youon. http://netsavoir.com/ | Angela Alcorn MakeUseOf.com P a g e 32
    • The Unofficial Facebook Privacy ManualControl who sees your friend listThere are a lot of reasons you might w ant to control w ho can and cant see your listof friends on Facebook. Primarily, you may w ant to think of the priv acy and safety ofyour friends.Go to Account > Privacy Settings, then choose to ―View Settings‖ of the BasicDirectory I nformation.Choose your desired security level from the ―See my friend list‖ drop dow n menu.Dont forget that if you really w ant to lock things dow n, you can make the setting―only me‖ by using the ―customise‖ option.This doesnt necessarily stop people from finding out w ho your friends are. Friendconnections are visible via your friends profile pages, and a determined sleuthw ould find friend connections by looking at mutual ev ents, groups and comments.Basic Directory InformationThese are generally the things Facebook hopes you w ill leave more open, as itsbetter for Facebook socialisation. However, some settings leav e people a little morev ulnerable than they expect.Things you can make more priv ate in this area of the settings include: Search. Friend requests. Allow ing people to send messages to you. http://netsavoir.com/ | Angela Alcorn MakeUseOf.com P a g e 33
    • The Unofficial Facebook Privacy Manual Controlling w ho sees your friend list. Education and w ork history. Current location & hometow n. Visibility of interests and fan pages.Some of these could potentially be used to dupe you into thinking someone know syou w hen they dont. But mainly, your priv acy settings in these remaining areas justdepend on w hat you think other people should and shouldnt be able to find outabout you easily.Allowing people to find you without being too publicI f you lock your directory information down too far people you know wont be ableto contact you. Limiting friend requests to ―friends of friends‖ is normally sufficient,and means most of your real friends can add you. I t might make it difficult for yourdistant friends, though, so its w orth allowing messages from everyone (at least tobegin w ith) to compensate. I f its a problem later on you can alw aysn lock it dow nfurther.Block ListsYou can easily block Facebook users from the Account > Privacy Settings page. http://netsavoir.com/ | Angela Alcorn MakeUseOf.com P a g e 34
    • The Unofficial Facebook Privacy ManualI f you cant find them, it might be that theyv e locked down their own privacy ortheyv e possibly blocked you. You can still block them by contacting Facebooksupport, presuming you can tell the staff enough information to find them. This w illstop them from finding you later if they choose to un-block you.Also, its possible to quickly block and report someone v ia their profile page.Other forms of blocking stop them from sending you application and ev ent invites. http://netsavoir.com/ | Angela Alcorn MakeUseOf.com P a g e 35
    • The Unofficial Facebook Privacy ManualYou can block any application here, w hether its one you added yourself or anapplication a friend added.Account SecurityThere are extra precautions you can take to protect your account on Facebook. Toenable notification of logins from new locations, go to Account Settings and choose―Account Security‖.Choose to hav e security notifications emailed or sent by SMS to you. http://netsavoir.com/ | Angela Alcorn MakeUseOf.com P a g e 36
    • The Unofficial Facebook Privacy ManualWhen you log in next, you w ill be asked to register the computer as one youregularly use w ith Facebook.PasswordsBe careful about passw ords for security reasons. Dont use a passw ord youve usedfor another social netw ork or online account. If those accounts ever get hacked,someone might try to use the passw ord with your Facebook account, too.Logging OutAlso in the interest of maintaining basic priv acy, get in the habit of logging out afterev ery time you use Facebook. The log out button is in the top-right of ev ery page.Ev en if you entirely trust ev eryone in your house, this habit w ill prepare you for usingpublic computers. I t w ill also protect you from potential embarrassment if someonein your house innocently starts to use Facebook and thinks they are logged in asthemselv es. Would you like your friends to think your sons comments w ere yours? Logout!Quitting FacebookFor quick access, Facebook have a page w ith links and processes for deactivating,deleting or memorialising an account here.Deactivating Your Facebook AccountWhen you w ant to leav e Facebook, the quickest and easiest w ay to do so is todeactiv ate your account. You can do this through your account settings. http://netsavoir.com/ | Angela Alcorn MakeUseOf.com P a g e 37
    • The Unofficial Facebook Privacy ManualDeactiv ating your account means that your profile and updates w ill not beav ailable for anyone to v iew. Your information, how ever, is all still there, includingyour connections to friends and customisation. I f you decide to re-instate youraccount later ev erything will be exactly as you left it.While deactiv ated, you can still receive invitations to events, applications andgroups. I f you dont w ant to receive email from Facebook about these you w ill needto opt out as you confirm your deactiv ation.I f you really w ant to remov e all memory of yourself from Facebook you need todelete your account. http://netsavoir.com/ | Angela Alcorn MakeUseOf.com P a g e 38
    • The Unofficial Facebook Privacy ManualDeleting Your Facebook AccountYou can delete your account here. When you ask to hav e your account deletedFacebook w ill deactivate your account and schedule the deletion. Once deletion isrequested, you must not use your Facebook account for two weeks. I f you accessyour account in some w ay during the next tw o w eeks, your account will not bedeleted. This includes sharing links, using mobile dev ices, chat accounts whichaccess Facebook chat and Facebook Connect login on other websites.You could accidentally access your account by logging into a third party serv iceusing your Facebook credentials, such as blog comments, Digg or Spotify. Make sureyou delete all your allow ed apps from Facebook, log out of Facebook, delete allbrow ser cookies and clear your browser cache.Many people suggest that you should delete your personal information beforeasking for your account to be deleted. This includes photos, w all posts, links, friends,applications, notes, fan pages and interests, message, groups etc. Everything thatconnects you to other people and information.Once your account is deleted, there is no option for recovery of the account.Facebook w ill delete all personal information associated with the account and w illmake photographs unav ailable and not associated w ith the account.Facebook After DeathWhen a Facebook user dies, friends or relatives can report it here and hav e theaccount memorialised. This means that status updates and personal information w illbe remov ed from the profile, but friends may still leav e w all posts.No-one w ill be giv en login access to the account. I f required by law , Facebook willsupply information from the account to authorities directly.I mmediate family members can request that the account be remov ed, however ifsomeone else requests the removal it w ill only be memorialised.Other privacy issues to be aware ofHere are a few things w hich compromise your privacy in w ays you may not expect: When you send a message to someone they get limited access to see your profile. When your friends respond to your status update THEI R friends can see your status update (by default – not for more secure updates). I f someone adds you as a friend and you hav ent said yes or no to them, they can see your updates in their home feed. http://netsavoir.com/ | Angela Alcorn MakeUseOf.com P a g e 39
    • The Unofficial Facebook Privacy Manual I f you (or someone else) logs in from an unexpected location, Facebook will ask for extra v erification to prove it is really you using a security question or multiple choice answ ers to v erify who is in a picture of your friends. I n the UK, theres an application called ClickCEOP w hich allows users to report suspicious online behav iour through the application.General AdviceDon’t post personally identifiable information. I f you don’t w ant a certain person toread it, don’t post it. Only post things you are happy for any stranger to read.Dont use the same passw ord for Facebook as you use for other social networks.I f you connect other logins (like Google) to your Facebook account then you riskfurther damage if someone hacks into those accounts.Facebook Privacy in the FutureWe dont know exactly w hat Facebook w ill change in the future. All w e know is thattheres a tendency tow ards making things more public, mixed w ith a track record forchanging things drastically and seeing w hat people think after the fact. This meansthat you cant rely on your priv acy settings to remain w ith the same control as youhav e now. One day things just might be different – your settings may be ov erriddenby a Facebook-wide security change.The only w ay to be truly sure your information is priv ate is to not put it on Facebook inthe first place. Limit your interactions to things youd be happy to share in a crow ded café. Dont list contact details if you w ould be upset to hav e them exposed. Dont ―like‖ fan pages unless youd be happy for ev eryone you know to know about it.This list could go on forever, but you get the point: assume ev erything is public.Regularly check your privacy settingsCheck Account > Privacy Settings and see how things are set up. Facebook mightmov e things around, remov e things or add in new settings. Keep on top of it bychecking back regularly. Also, you may not hav e set things up quite as youremember, so actually look at w hich friend lists you hav e used to filter each settingand tw eak them regularly.Keep in mind Facebooks privacy changes over the years and anticipate w hat is tocome (see Facebooks Privacy Evolution).Facebook has official pages (like fan pages) for Security and Priv acy. I f you ―like‖these pages, you w ill see updates along w ith other pages you hav e liked. Alsosubscribe to the Facebook Blog. This should enable you to know about importantchanges as they happen. http://netsavoir.com/ | Angela Alcorn MakeUseOf.com P a g e 40
    • The Unofficial Facebook Privacy ManualAlso read Facebooks privacy information from the Account > Privacy Settings page,under ―Controlling how you share‖. http://netsavoir.com/ | Angela Alcorn MakeUseOf.com P a g e 41
    • The Unofficial Facebook Privacy Manual Managing Applications & WebsitesApplications come w ith a risk – not all application dev elopers have your bestinterests at heart. Dev elopers have access to a lot of your Facebook informationand that of your friends. They may use this information for marketing, or they coulduse it for something else entirely.From Account > Privacy Settings, theres a link to ―edit your settings‖ for Applicationsand Websites.From there, youll need to access most of the options to change them from thedefault.Ensure ―Game and Application activ ity‖ is ―Friends only‖. Then, click on ―editsettings‖ for the ―I nformation accessible through your friends‖. Un-check all of thecheckboxes as shown and sav e. http://netsavoir.com/ | Angela Alcorn MakeUseOf.com P a g e 42
    • The Unofficial Facebook Privacy ManualThis w ill stop the applications your friends add from accessing your details. You nev erknow whos going to add a dodgy application.Facebooks ―Instant Personalisation‖ is not yet enabled w orldwide. But, ―editsettings‖ and deselect the personalisation option if possible. Note that its checkedby default, so as soon as this is av ailable in your area youll probably w ant todeselect it ASAP.Understanding Facebook Application Privacy IssuesThe section called ―What youre using‖ gives you a quick ov erview of all of yourapplications, allow ing you to delete them quickly.The ―game and application activ ity‖ section allows you to control which of yourFacebook contacts can see your applications. It also controls w ho can see theapplications you hav e used recently. So, w ho do you w ant to know that youveadded a dating application? Should your w orkmates know youve been usingFarmv ille recently? Lock this privacy setting down using friend filters. http://netsavoir.com/ | Angela Alcorn MakeUseOf.com P a g e 43
    • The Unofficial Facebook Privacy ManualManaging Application PermissionsThere are all sorts of apps: quizzes, games, apps for login and w all-posting apps. Thelogin serv ice is known as Facebook Connect and these apps w ill show up in yourapplications looking just like any other.Head to the ―Account‖ menu and choose ―Application Settings‖.This w ill show you all of the applications you hav e added (for w hatever reason). Usethe filter menu to show a subset of your applications. http://netsavoir.com/ | Angela Alcorn MakeUseOf.com P a g e 44
    • The Unofficial Facebook Privacy ManualClick the cross to remov e applications or use ―edit settings‖ to control additionalpriv ileges you may hav e granted, such as seeing your information w hen youre notlogged in, sending you email or posting to your w all.Blocking and reporting applicationsThere are sev eral things you can do to report an application. When reading yournew s feed, you can choose to ―Mark as spam‖. Facebook w ill add it to other reportsto decide w hether the user or the application is spam.Just like profile reporting and blocking, you can click through to any applicationspage and report or block the application. http://netsavoir.com/ | Angela Alcorn MakeUseOf.com P a g e 45
    • The Unofficial Facebook Privacy ManualI f an application is posting to your profile w all, heres a few options that help youw ork out why its happening and how to stop it (w ith v arious degrees of severity): Check to see if you allow ed it to be imported, by looking at your Profile Wall and choosing ―Options‖ then ―Settings‖. Check ―Account Application Settings‖ page to see if you hav e granted permissions to this application. Edit settings to deny permission. I f it has been posted due to an application your friend has added, remov e permissions for your friends applications to know your details, block the application and report it. You can remov e one occurrence (hover in the top right and click ―remov e‖) then ask for the application to not be allow ed to post. Sadly, this w ont w ork if a friend has posted the update. Ask your friend to stop the updates or to remov e the application. Remov e your friend as a connection on Facebook. Change the v iewing permissions for your w all, so you w ont be embarrassed by these updates w hen you hav ent yet deleted them. Ban all of your friends from posting to your w all (that w ill definitely stop it). Lobby Facebook to allow fine-tuning of w ho can post to your w all. Lobby Facebook to disallow applications which post to your w all v ia your friends actions.Managing notifications from applicationsI ts easy to cut dow n on the emails you receive from Facebook and its applications.Go to your Account Settings page and click on the Notifications tab to choose. http://netsavoir.com/ | Angela Alcorn MakeUseOf.com P a g e 46
    • The Unofficial Facebook Privacy Manual Further Considerations There are numerous reasons w hy people w ant to retain their privacy online. I ts not up to you to decide for them w here they draw the line. Dont post/tag photos of people unless its okay by them. Alw ays protect the safety of yourself and your friends. Dont post addresses and phone numbers in places w here they might be seen. Dont w rite embarrassing things on other peoples walls or in response to status updates. Dont do anything w hich might get someone fired, disow ned or dumped.Consider Your Updates 1. No drunken updates. Theyre embarrassing – dont do it! 2. Dont update w ith anything you couldnt show your grandmother, boss, or police. Ev er. 3. Dont ov ershare. People dont often w ant to know the inner details of your nostrils/sex life. This includes checking whats in the background of photos you post (see http://www.lamebook.com/ for other peoples mistakes). 4. Remember your comments on other peoples posts could be more public than you think. 5. Think for a little w hile before you become friends with your ex, a friends ex or family members on Facebook. 6. Learn w hen to mov e a conversation to a message, Facebook chat or a pub. 7. Av oid controversial topics (or proceed w ith caution): Politics; Religion; Activ ism.Remember Your Privacy Remember that nothing is REALLY priv ate on the internet. Accounts get hacked, people take screenshots, people lie about w ho they are, mistakes happen etc. Your secrets might accidentally be shared by a friend discussing something they saw /read about you on Facebook. Dont w aste time on Facebook at w ork. Dont lie about anything and think youll get aw ay w ith it. Calling in sick can get you fired if theres photographic proof you w ere at a party. Keep your w orkmates on a limited filter. Seriously. http://netsavoir.com/ | Angela Alcorn MakeUseOf.com P a g e 47
    • The Unofficial Facebook Privacy Manual ConclusionPlease share this adv ice with your friends as there are many people on Facebookw ho dont realise theres more they can do to protect themselv es. Above all, keeplearning. Facebook w ill change constantly – it changed sev eral main features duringthe w riting of this guide! The best you can do is to read the Facebook blog, keep aneye out for articles relating to Facebook (especially from MakeUseOf.com) andkeep a close w atch on your settings to see what is changing. Good luck! http://netsavoir.com/ | Angela Alcorn MakeUseOf.com P a g e 48
    • The Unofficial Facebook Privacy ManualDid you like this PDF Guide? Then w hy not v isit MakeUseOf.com for daily posts oncool w ebsites, free software and internet tips.I f you w ant more great guides like this, w hy not subscribe to MakeUseOf and receiveinstant access to 20+ PDF Guides like this one cov ering wide range of topics.Moreover, you w ill be able to dow nload free Cheat Sheets, Free Giveaways andother cool things. Subscribe to MakeUseOf : http://www.makeuseof.com/join MakeUseOf Links:Home: http://www.makeuseof.comMakeUseOf Directory: http://www.makeuseof.com/dirMakeUseOf Answers: http://www.makeuseof.com/answersGeeky Fun: http://www.makeuseof.com/tech-funPDF Guides: http://www.makeuseof.com/pages/Tech Deals: http://www.makeuseof.com/pages/hot-tech-deals Follow MakeUseOf:RSS Feed: http://feedproxy.google.com/MakeuseofNewsletter: http://www.makeuseof.com/joinFacebook: http://www.facebook.com/makeuseofTwitter: http://www.twitter.com/Makeuseof http://netsavoir.com/ | Angela Alcorn MakeUseOf.com P a g e 49
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