Interoperability within the health care system is a great concern for medical professionals and consumers. Disease prevalence increases and requires extensive monitoring and reporting with information technology (IT). Since the rate of new infections of HIV/AIDS increases yearly, this study will explore how these cases are reported to the appropriate agencies and analyze the link between the methods used to transfer them against delays in their being received and any problems that may result.
This individual research study consists of six chapters.
The first chapter is the proposal and the introduction. The introduction includes the context of the problem, the statement of the problem, the primary research question, sub-questions, the significance of the study, and the research methodology.
Chapter 2 is the review of related literature. This will be a synopsis of the data, its relevance to the primary research question. It will serve as the basis for analysis.
Chapters 3-5 will restate and elaborate the sub-questions. The secondary data accumulated along with its findings will be discussed for each sub-question.
Chapter 6 will be a summary of this research proposal. It will include an overview of the research processes, their findings and the subsequent inferences that have been made. There will also be a conclusions subsection that will include recommendations, their relevance to the study and suggestions for future research.
A major illness that knows no geographical limitation and one that requires immediate worldwide attention is HIV. This virus is extremely volatile and contagious and results in the disease known as Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome or AIDS.
Tracking new and existing HIV/AIDS cases is a challenging task and depends on several factors.
State and local health departments collect patient information and submit the data to the CDC. This allows trends, disparities and other vital details to be analyzed.
The Division of Public Health (DPH) has forms for surveillance and investigation of communicable diseases. Some areas rely on non-confidential means (fax or mail) to transfer these reports. This has the potential to violate patient privacy rights and increase inaccuracy and inefficiency within the system.
Introduction-The present and future challenges of tracking the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Forsyth County and North Carolina have been discussed in numerous journal articles and other medical information sources. Also discussed was how electronic means would improve the system, problems that arose from use of the system and potential trends in the illnesses. Due to their prevalence, up-to-date information in needed to better educate medical professionals and consumers in terms of prevention and clinical care.
HIV/AIDS have altered the lives of many. Because of this influence, individuals must begin to take control of their health by learning their status. Once this happens, the chance for increased positive numbers is likely and additional funding for prevention and education programs could be available. The success rate of programs depends on the active participation of everyone.
Although there were some fluctuations in the number of positive results in the county, they were not significant enough to lead to a complete change in the current transmission formats.
The purpose of this research project was to examine the HIV/AIDS data tracking system used in Forsyth County, NC and determine if a single electronic transmission method would increase accuracy in the number of positive results.
This project examined the system, past and potential future problems and the prevalence of the illnesses within the county.
The primary research question and sub-questions discussed the rational behind altering the data tracking system and transmission methods of HIV/AIDS test results in Forsyth County, NC. The timeframe of 2003-2007 was analyzed. The population will increase by a slight margin over the next few years. To be better prepared, the current data tracking system should be reanalyzed for possible upgrades to a completely electronic format within 5-10 years.