CSIS 138 JavaScript Class2

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Instructor Teresa Pelkie at Palomar College - Variables, Calculations, "if" statement

Instructor Teresa Pelkie at Palomar College - Variables, Calculations, "if" statement

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  • The JavaScript Language consists of objects CSIS 138 Instructor Teresa Pelkie Class 2 - Summer 2008

Transcript

  • 1. JavaScript – Class 2
      • prompt()
      • operators
      • Calculations
      • if statement
  • 2.
    • prompt("Please enter your name", "");
  • 3.
    • <head>
    • <script language=&quot;JavaScript&quot;>
    • var myPrompt ;
    • myPrompt = prompt(&quot;Please enter your name&quot;, &quot;&quot;);
    • </script>
    • </head>
    • <body>
    • <script language=&quot;JavaScript&quot;>
    • document.write( myPromp t);
    • </script>
    • </body>
  • 4.
    • Mathematical operators : + - / * % •
    • Precedence - * and / are performed first
    • unless you use parenthesis
    • Assignment operator: = also assigns a value
    • to a variable
    • Increment and decrement operators: ++ --
  • 5.
    • Comparison operators: < <= > >= == !=
    • Logical operators: && || !
    • Commonly used with an “if” statement
  • 6.
    • <script language=&quot;JavaScript&quot;>
    • alert(1 + 1);
    • </script>
    • <script language=&quot;JavaScript&quot;>
    • var firstNumber = 40;
    • var secondNumber = 20;
    • alert(firstNumber + secondNumber);
    • </script>
  • 7.
    • NaN – Not a Number
    • a special value in JavaScript that is returned if
    • you do a calculation with a non-number character
    • IsNaN() – function
    • tests if a variable is a number or not
    • – returns a Boolean data type
    • returns true if it is a string (because a string is not a number)
    • returns false if it is a number
  • 8.
    • <script language=&quot;JavaScript&quot;>
    • alert(isNaN(&quot;teresa&quot;));
    • </script>
    See page 6 in handout
  • 9.
    • if statement
    • <script language=“JavaScript”>
    • var variable1 = 123;
    • var variable2 = 123;
    • if ( variable1 == variable2 )
    • {
    • alert (&quot;condition true&quot;);
    • }
    • </script>
    no semicolon == means: is the same or is equal or is true the condition to be evaluated is inside the parenthesis code to be executed if the condition is true see page 7 handout
  • 10.
    • Using comparison and logical operators
    • <script language=“JavaScript”>
    • var variable1 = 2;
    • var variable2 = 4;
    • var variable3 = 6;
    • if ( ( variable1 < variable2 ) || ( variable2 < variable3 ) )
    • {
    • alert (&quot;condition true&quot;);
    • }
    • </script>
    See page 8 and 9 in handout
  • 11.
    • if else statement
    see page 10 handout Gives you the ability to execute code when the condition evaluates to true and also when it evaluates to false if (condition) { code here will execute if condition is true’ } else { code here will execute if condition is false; }
  • 12.
    • if else statement
    see page 10 handout <script language=“JavaScript”> var variable1 = 123; var variable2 = 124; if (variable1 == variable2) { alert (&quot;true&quot;); } else { alert(&quot;false&quot;); } </script>
  • 13.
    • if else if statement
    see page 11 handout var variable1 = 123; var variable2 = 124; if (variable1 == variable2) { alert(&quot;equal&quot;); } else if (variable1 < variable2) { alert(&quot;less than&quot;); } else { alert(&quot;none of the above&quot;); } “ else if “block can be repeated as needed
  • 14.
    • JavaScript – Class 2
    • Assignment 2