204 History Resources on the Internet Bill Kerney – firstname.lastname@example.org Distance Education Consultants / Anodyne Professional DevelopmentThe following is a compiled list of a large number of web sites found to have high value inteaching history. The sites have been annotated with either a sentence or paragraph explainingeither their purpose, or what makes their site exceptional. This list (currently at 204 web sites!) ismaintained by Carol Kerney, CEO of Distance Education Consultants, who makes a habit ofcollecting historical web sites.Note: This list is for you (teachers) to review, to possibly incorporate into your lessons. Be sureto follow your district’s internet use policy before deciding to make use of them in the classroom.Also, due to the dynamic nature of the internet, some of the links below might be out of date, orpoint at incorrect resources.Internet Websites:http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/today/today.html“Today in History” features a different person or event in historyeach day. Past features include Frederick Douglass, WoodrowWilson, George Washington, Abraham Lincoln, Benjamin Banneker, RosaParks, Samuel Slater, Louisa May Alcott, Radio City Music Hall, theWright brothers first flight, the Bill of Rights, the GadsdenPurchase, the Federal Reserve System, the Wounded Knee massacre,Pearl Harbor and more. An excellent resource to start a classroom day with.http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/modsbook12.htmlInternet Modern History Sourcebook for AmericanIndependence includes information on the French andIndian War, Benjamin Franklin, the role of NativeAmericans and information on slavery in those days.http://www.earlyamerica.comA versatile site that includes a searchable database of different events andpersonalities of the Revolution, containing a number of primary sources,http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/charters/constitution.htmlNational Archives web site on the Constitution, including a scanned copy of the Constitution, atranscript, and information on the Bill of Rights and the delegates.http://revolution.h-net.msu.edu/resources.links.htmlA long, dry, list of valuable Internet resources in colonial andRevolutionary America and the early Republic.http://www.pbs.org/ktca/liberty/road.htmlThis is an interactive game that will test the student’s
knowledge of the Revolution.http://www.sdcoe.k12.ca.us/score/Tremain/tremaintg.htmlThis is a supplementary unit to the book JohnnyTremain that helps the students investigate the peopleand times of the American Revolutionary war in andaround Boston, Massachusetts.http://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/twhp/wwwlps/lessons/42bunker/42bunker.htm"The Battle of Bunker Hill: Now We Are at War" tells how thisAmerican Revolution battle spurred colonial unity & sparked theformation of the Continental Army.(Created by the National Park Service as part of the “Teaching With Historical Places” project.)http://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/twhp/wwwlps/lessons/21boott/21boott.htm"Building Americas Industrial Revolution: The Boott Cotton Millsof Lowell, Massachusetts" features one of the oldest survivingtextile mill complexes in the U.S. Learn how technologyrevolutionized the textile-manufacturing industry, and, in turn,affected mill architecture, city planning, & transportation.http://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/twhp/wwwlps/lessons/36liberty/36liberty.htm"The Liberty Bell: From Obscurity to Icon" presents maps, readings,& images to help show historical & cultural elements that shapedthe symbolic meaning of the Liberty Bell. http://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/twhp/wwwlps/lessons/16acadia/16acadia.htm"Life on an Island: Early Settlers Off the Rock-Bound Coast ofMaine" examines the difficult lives & environment of everydaypeople on several of the 5,000 islands off the coast of Maine. Itfeatures stories about family life & includes a business ledger,personal journal, & other documents.http://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/twhp/wwwlps/lessons/locke/locke.htm"Locke & Walnut Grove: Havens for Early Asian Immigrants inCalifornia" looks at the contributions of early Asian immigrants tothe development of Californias economic & agricultural industries.The site also identifies obstacles encountered by Asian culturalgroups in America & describes life in Walnut Grove & Locke duringthe late 19th & early 20th centuries.http://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/twhp/wwwlps/lessons/walker/walker.htm"Two American Entrepreneurs: Madam C.J. Walker & J.C. Penney"features the life stories of two business people who lived theAmerican Dream & who helped make that dream a reality for others intheir communities. It tells how Walker, an African American woman,
& Penney, a former tuberculosis patient, built from scratch theirmulti-million dollar businesses.http://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/twhp/wwwlps/lessons/11andersonville/11andersonville.htm"Andersonville: Prisoner of War Camp" examines the conditions ofCamp Sumter (in Andersonville, Georgia), the largest & mostnotorious of prisoner of war camps during the Civil War. http://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/twhp/wwwlps/lessons/69bentonville/69bentonville.htm"The Battle of Bentonville: Caring for Casualties of the Civil War"shows how battlefield medical care developed during the Civil War,particularly in the Union Army.http://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/twhp/wwwlps/lessons/72mill/72mill.htm"The Battle of Mill Springs: The Civil War Divides a Border State"focuses on this key battle to demonstrate how both the Union & theConfederacy attempted to win the loyalty of the citizens ofKentucky. The site presents maps, readings from Northern &Southern perspectives, drawings & photographs about the battle,weather, and weapons.http://www.nps.gov/pete/mahan/lessonplans.html"Civil War Lesson Plan" explores the culture of the U.S. prior tothe Civil War. It looks at the experiences of Southerners &Northerners, causes of the Civil War, people who fought in thesiege of Petersburg, & perceptions of this period as reflected inpoetry, music, & literature.http://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/twhp/wwwlps/lessons/12manassas/12manassas.htm"First Battle of Manassas: An End to Innocence" focuses on the5,000 people who perished -- Northern & Southern troops, as well asprivate citizens -- at Manassas (or Bull Run), the first conflictof the Civil War. Personal stories, maps, photographs, &activities help show how this battle shocked the nation intorealizing that the conflict was not some romantic adventure & thatit might prove longer & more costly than anyone could haveimagined. http://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/twhp/wwwlps/lessons/71hudson/71hudson.htm"The Siege of Port Hudson: Forty Days & Nights in the Wilderness ofDeath" describes the struggle for control of the vital MississippiRiver during the Civil War. It discusses the tactics, theories, &ramifications of this battle between the North & the South. Thesite features maps, firsthand accounts, & photographs, as well aslessons & activities.
http://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/twhp/wwwlps/lessons/crandall/crandall.htm"From Canterbury to Little Rock: The Struggle for EducationalEquality for African Americans" highlights two historic places &the role each played in the effort toward creating equaleducational opportunities for African Americans.http://www.nps.gov/history/museum/exhibits/tuskegee/"Legends of Tuskegee" links to three sites that look at theachievements & impact of Booker T. Washington, George WashingtonCarver, & the Tuskegee Airmen. In addition to general historicalinformation, it includes snapshots of original documents & objectsfrom the three museums & narratives that tie the three sitestogether.http://www.nps.gov/archive/gewa/ed/67/previsit/67erosion.htm"How Math & Science Changed George Washingtons Life" examinesWashingtons pioneering work as an 18th century surveyor. Learningactivities in the teacher guide & student workbook focus onsurveying land & reinforce skills in math, geography, & science.These materials -- as well as pre-visit classroom activities, apark visit, & follow-up activities -- reflect the National ScienceEducation Standards.http://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/twhp/wwwlps/lessons/62wash/62wash.htm"The Washington Monument: Tribute in Stone" looks at GeorgeWashingtons life, his impact on our nation, & the design & historyof this famous memorial. Students are invited to evaluate proposedplans for the monument & other historical maps, diagrams, &information.http://www.nps.gov/tuma/KidsKorner.html"Kids Korner at Tumacacori National Historical Park" is a placewhere children can learn about customs & games of the firstEuropeans who came to southern Arizona & the native people wholived there in the 1600s. The site includes instructions formaking adobe bricks, constructing a pump drill, creating a NativeAmerican calendar, & other activities.http://www.nps.gov/yell/kidstuff/index.htm"Yellowstone National Parks Just for Kids" offers a scavenger huntof the Yellowstone website, online & printer-friendly coloringbooks, & an area where children can test their knowledge about ourfirst national park.http://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/twhp/wwwlps/lessons/47misty/47misty.htm"Camp Misty Mount: A Place for Regrowth" features a recreational
demonstration area in western Maryland where land had beenpurchased during the 1930s to be transformed into a productiverecreation area that would help put people back to work during theGreat Depression.http://www.pbs.org/wnet/americanmasters/database/stieglitz_a.html"American Masters: Alfred Stieglitz" presents an essay, timeline,video clips, & interviews examining this photographer, artist, &art impresario. Stieglitz was a powerful force in the arts of theearly 20th century & an important interpreter of emerging modernculture. This website is a companion to first full-length film biographyof the photographer, “Alfred Stieglitz: The Eloquent Eye.”http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/award98/ienhtml/curthome.html"Edward S. Curtiss North American Indian" is one of the mostsignificant & controversial representations of American Indianculture ever produced. Issued in a limited edition from 1907-1930,the publication continues to influence the image of Indians inpopular culture. In over 2000 photos & narrative, Curtis portrayedthe traditional customs & lifeways of 80 Indian tribes.http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/empire/"The Empire That Was Russia" shows photographs of a lost world --the Russian Empire on the eve of World War I & the comingrevolution. Medieval churches & monasteries, railroads &factories, & daily life & work of Russias diverse population areamong the subjects. The photos were taken by Sergei MikhailovichProkudin-Gorskii (1863-1944), who, in the early 1900s, formulated aplan for a photographic survey of the Russian Empire that won thesupport of Nicholas II. Between 1909-1912, & again in 1915, hecompleted surveys of 11 regions, traveling in a specially equippedrailroad car provided by the Ministry of Transportation. (LOC) http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/ndlpedu/lessons/97/firsthand/main.html"History Firsthand" is designed to help elementary studentsunderstand primary sources. Students learn how archivalcollections are organized, how to interpret artifacts & documents,how to use primary sources to tell a story, & how to do onlineresearch.http://www.hpol.org/"History & Politics Out Loud" offers a collection of audiomaterials -- some available for the first time -- capturingsignificant political & historical events & personalities of the20th century. Materials range from formal speeches to privatephone conversations conducted from the White House. Speakers
include Winston Churchill, Franklin Roosevelt, Lyndon Johnson,Martin Luther King, Richard Nixon, & others. http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/ndlpedu/collections/stage/ndintro.html"The New Deal Stage: Selections from the Federal Theatre Project,1935-1939" includes photographs, stage & costume designs, ¬ebooks pertaining to productions of "Macbeth," "The TragicalHistory of Dr. Faustus," & "Power," a topical drama of the period.Full scripts for 68 other plays are also available, along withadministrative records of the Federal Theatre Project.http://www.spanamwar.com/medical.htmMedicine in the Spanish War.http://thomas.loc.gov/Search engine for legislation passed by Congress.http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/jefferson/jefflife.htmlhttp://memory.loc.gov/ammem/mtjhtml/mtjhome.htmlLife at Monticello, and the papers of Thomas Jefferson.http://www.pbs.org/wnet/americanmasters/database/curtis_e.html"American Masters: Edward Curtis" offers an essay, timeline, &other information about this photographer who took more than 40,000images & recorded rare ethnographic information from over 80American Indian tribal groups, ranging from the Eskimo or Inuitpeople of the far north to the Hopi people of the Southwest. Thisis the companion website for a PBS film about Curtis, "Coming toLight."http://www.pbs.org/ancestorsintheamericas/index.html"Ancestors in the Americas," a companion website for the PBS seriesby the same name, explores the history & stories of AsianAmericans. A timeline shows events that shaped Asian Americanhistory, & a resource section allows further exploration of theAsian American experience. The site includes guides withdiscussion questions for teachers & an online discussion.http://www.marquette.edu/cuap/"Children in Urban America" shows how children experienced citylife during the last century & a half. The site features hundredsof documents & images about children in Milwaukee County,Wisconsin, drawn from newspapers, government, & other officialrecords, oral histories & memoirs, & other sources.
http://www.newsreel.org/nav/title.asp?tc=CN0041"Goin To Chicago," the companion website to a documentary film bythe same title, provides essays, letters, a teachers guide, &other information about the migration of African-Americans from therural South to the cities of the North & West.http://www.ashp.cuny.edu/LM/"The Lost Museum" explores P.T. Barnums American Museum, whichepitomized popular entertainment & education in the U.S. for nearlya quarter of a century. The museum -- which also articulated majorissues confronting American culture, society, & politics -- wasdestroyed in 1865 in one of the most spectacular fires in New YorkCitys history.http://www.carts.org/"Cultural Arts Resources for Teachers & Students" featuresresources & best practices for combining oral history & communitystudy with dance, theater, music, & visual arts. This site alsopresents curricular materials from City Lore, an organization thatsponsors artist residencies in schools & staff development forteachers in New York & other cities.http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/ndlpedu/collections/jr/jrintro.html"Jackie Robinson & Other Baseball Highlights, 1860-1960" presents34 images & descriptions of early baseball, famous players, & more.It includes a print of Union soldiers playing baseball in a Confederateprisoner of war camp, a photo of the Brooklyn Atlantics(a team that dominated early baseball by winning championships in1861, 1864, & 1865), & what is believed to be the first photo of asoftball. Links are provided to "Baseball, the Color Line, &Jackie Robinson" & a collection of 2,000 baseball cards. (LOC)http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/garvey/"Marcus Garvey: Look for Me in the Whirlwind," the companionwebsite for a film by the same title, presents interview clips, atimeline, an online forum of scholars, information about people &events in the film, & a teachers guide about this immigrantlaborer who, in the early 1900s, rose to lead the largest blackorganization in history, was taken to prison in handcuffs, & waseventually deported.http://www.americanradioworks.org/features/jim_crow/index.html"Radio Fights Jim Crow" looks at a series of radio programs airedduring World War II in an effort to mend racial & ethnic divisionsin America.
http://www.pbs.org/ralphbunche/"Ralph Bunche: An American Odyssey," the companion website for afilm by the same title, chronicles the life & legacy of thismediator & U.N. diplomat who was the first person of color anywherein the world to be awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace.http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/ndlpedu/lessons/99/american/intro.html"What Is an American?" invites students to read life histories fromthe interviews of everyday Americans conducted between 1936-1940 &consider to what extent Jean de Crevecoeurs definition of anAmerican holds true today. In "Letters from an American Farmer,"published in 1782, Crevecoeur wrote that an American, if he were“Honest, sober & industrious,” prospered in a welcoming land ofopportunity.http://www.crfc.org/americanjury/index.html"The American Jury: Bulwark of Democracy" is designed to helpstudents, teachers, & citizens understand the American jury system& its role in American legal, social, & political life. Itfeatures lessons, information, & resources developed by theConstitutional Rights Foundation Chicago with high school teachers& in cooperation with national experts & scholars on the jurysystem.http://www.federalreserveeducation.org"Federal Reserve Education" describes the history & structure ofthe Federal Reserve, the central bank of the U.S. founded byCongress in 1913 to provide a safer, more flexible, & more stablemonetary & financial system. The site examines the FederalReserves monetary policy, its services & products, & its role insupervising banks. Lessons, quizzes, newsletters, & a teachersguide are among the instructional resources on the site, designedto supplement high school & college economics & social studiesclasses. The site also provides an order form for "The Fed Today"video & links to interactive sites showing images of currency atpoints in our nations history, the change in the value of a dollarsince 1913, & more.http://www1.va.gov/opa/iga/liberty/index.asp“Lessons of Liberty” encourages schools to invite veterans intoclassrooms before & after Veterans Day, November 11, 2001, to sharetheir experiences. The website for this initiative, announced byPresident Bush on October 30, suggests activities that schools &communities can use to observe Veterans Day. It also offers aTeachers Guide that includes statistics on Americas wars,guidelines on how to display the flag, a history of Veterans Day, &
more. Fourteen essays examine national symbols & customs such asthe U.S. flag, the Pledge of Allegiance, taps, gun salutes, & theAmerican Bald Eagle.http://chnm.gmu.edu/revolution/"Liberty, Equality, Fraternity: Exploring the French Revolution"is an introduction to the French Revolution & an archive ofimportant documentary evidence from the Revolution, including morethan 300 texts, nearly 250 images, & a number of maps & songs. Tenessays explore the major topics in the history of the revolution,including its social causes, the fall of the monarchy, women & therevolution, the story of Napoleon, & the legacies of theRevolution. Teachers can use this website to contrast the FrenchRevolution with the American Revolution.http://www.pbs.org/kcet/publicschool/“School: The Story of American Public Education” is the companionwebsite for a documentary that chronicles the development of publiceducation in America from the late 1770s to the 21st century. Itprovides photos, stories of innovators, & more.http://pbs.org/amex/lincolns/“The Time of the Lincolns,” a companion website to the film"Abraham & Mary Lincoln: A House Divided," examines the context &conflicts surrounding the Civil War. Topics include the partisanpolitics of the time, the battle for abolition, the UndergroundRailroad, African American troops, & womens rights. The siteoffers soldiers letters, newspaper articles, & other primarysources, along with a teachers guide.http://www.nwrel.org/teachlewisandclark/home.html"Updating the Lewis & Clark Journals" represents an effort todocument todays views of selected Lewis & Clark journal entriesusing the methods & standards of 21st century scientists &scholars. Among topics examined by students: the Teton Incident(a meeting between Lewis & Clark & Teton Sioux), mappinginstruments of the expedition, & Nez Perce Appaloosa horses.http://www.hammondmuseumofradio.org/marconi.htmlRadio Museumhttp://www.civiced.org/wethepeople.html"We the People... The Citizen & the Constitution" helps elementary& secondary school students understand the history & principles ofour constitutional government. The program focuses on the U.S.Constitution & Bill of Rights & fosters civic competence &
responsibility. Upon completion of program, classes are encouragedto participate in simulated congressional hearings that allowstudents to demonstrate their knowledge of the Constitution & theBill of Rights.http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/vvhtml/vvhome.htmlCreative Americans - Carl Van Vechtenhttp://lcweb.loc.gov/exhibits/treasures/tri012.htmlWest Side Story and My Fair Ladyhttp://lcweb2.loc.gov/ammem/today/jan15.htmlMartin Luther Kinghttp://lcweb2.loc.gov/ammem/today/jan14.htmlThe Treaty of Paris Ratifiedhttp://lcweb2.loc.gov/ammem/wpaintro/wpahome.htmlAmerican Life Histories (from American Memory of the Library of Congress)http://lcweb2.loc.gov/ammem/wpaintro/exinterv.htmlExcerpts from Federal Writing Project – Interviews of 10,000 Peoplehttp://memory.loc.gov/ammem/ndlpedu/lessons/98/local/intro.html"All History is Local: Students as Archivists" tells how studentsat the Arkansas School for Mathematics & Sciences analyzed archivalmaterials, developed digital collections, & made their projectsavailable online in the Arkansas Memory Project. This learningactivity, modeled after the Library of Congresss American Memoryproject, is designed so that teachers & students from other states& communities may adapt it to create their own local history MemoryProjects.http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/ndlpedu/lessons/97/world/home.html"Around the World in 1896" is a lesson in which students take atrip around the world in 1896 using an online collection of 900images. The collection includes photos of railroads, elephants,camels, horses, sleds & sleighs, sedan chairs, rickshaws, & othertypes of transportation, as well as city views, street & harborscenes, landscapes, & people in North Africa, Asia, Australia, &Oceania.http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/award98/ichihtml/hayhome.html"Chicago Anarchists on Trial: Evidence from the Haymarket Affair,1886-1887," showcases more than 3,800 images of originalmanuscripts, broadsides, photographs, prints, & artifacts relating
to the violent 1886 confrontation between Chicago police & laborprotesters that was a pivotal setback in the struggle for Americanworkers rights.http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/award99/ncuhtml/csbchome.html"The Church in the Southern Black Community, 1780-1925," traces howAfrican-Americans in the South experienced Protestant Christianity& transformed it into the central institution of community life.Coverage begins with white churches conversion efforts & depictsthe contradictions between the egalitarian potential of evangelicalChristianity & the realities of slavery. It focuses, through slavenarratives & observations by African American authors, on how theblack community adapted evangelical Christianity, making it ametaphor for freedom, community, & personal survival.http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/ndlpcoop/nhihtml/cwnyhshome.html"Civil War Treasures from the New-York Historical Society" offersimages of recruiting posters for New York City regiments ofvolunteers, stereographic views documenting the mustering ofsoldiers & of popular support for the Union in New York City,photography showing the wars impact, & drawings & writings bysoldiers on both sides.http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/ndlpedu/lessons/broad/intro.html"The Constitution: Counter Revolution or National Salvation?" castsstudents in the role of politically active citizens in 1787, whenthe Federal Convention in Philadelphia presented the nation with anew model of government. Students, using primary documents fromAmerican Memory, produce a broadside in which they argue for oragainst replacing the Articles of Confederation with the new model-- the Constitution.http://www.cendi.gov/publications/04-8copyright.htmlFrequently Asked Questions about copyright lawhttp://memory.loc.gov/ammem/ndlpedu/lessons/99/links/intro.html"Creating Hypertext Dialogues Drawn from Narrative HistoryCollections" invites students to use documents from "California AsI Saw It: First Person Narratives, 1849-1900," to createhyperscripts depicting the motivations, expectations, fears, &realizations of immigrants who settled California between 1849 &1900. Students hyperscripts are online written dialogues thatinclude links to illustrative written materials, images, & soundfiles from American Memory collections. (Library of Congress)http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/ndlpedu/lessons/99/migrant/intro.html
"Figuring Somepin Bout the Great Depression" is a lesson in whichstudents examine songs, interviews, & photos of migrant farmworkers in California during the Great Depression & then create ascrapbook from the point of view of a migrant worker. Students usephotos & recordings of migrant workers to create captions, letters,& songs. This lesson may be particularly useful when students arelearning about the Great Depression or reading "The Grapes ofWrath."http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/doughtml/doughome.html"The Frederick Douglass Papers" presents the papers of the 19th-century African-American abolitionist who escaped from slavery &then risked his own freedom by becoming an outspoken antislaverylecturer, writer, & publisher. The first release of the DouglassPapers contains 2,000 items (16,000 images) that span the years1841 to 1964 & relate to Douglasss life as an escaped slave,abolitionist, editor, orator, & public servant.http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/sfbmhtml/sfbmhome.html"Samuel F. B. Morse Papers at the Library of Congress, 1793-1919,"presents 6,500 items that document Morses invention of theelectromagnetic telegraph, his participation in the development oftelegraph systems in the U.S. & abroad, his career as a painter,his family life, his travels, & more. Included in this collectionare correspondence, letterbooks, diaries, scrapbooks, printedmatter, maps, & drawings.http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/award99/miemhtml/svyhome.html"Sunday School Books: Shaping the Values of Youth in Nineteenth-Century America" presents 170 Sunday school books published inAmerica between 1815 & 1865. They document the culture ofreligious instruction of youth during the Antebellum era &illustrate thematic divisions that preoccupied 19th-centuryAmerica, including sacred & secular, natural & divine, civilized &savage, rural & industrial, adult & child. Among the topicsfeatured are history, holidays, slavery, African Americans, NativeAmericans, travel & missionary accounts, death & dying, poverty,temperance, immigrants, & advice.http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/wwghtml/wwghome.html"Woody Guthrie & the Archive of American Folk Song: Correspondence,1940-1950," highlights letters Guthrie wrote in the early 1940safter moving to New York City, where he pursued broadcasting &recording careers, met artists & social activists, & gained areputation as a songwriter & performer. The site includes abiographical essay, a timeline of Guthries life, & an encoded
finding aid of Guthrie materials at the Library of Congress.http://regentsprep.org/Regents/global/themes/science/index.cfmHistory of Science and Technologyhttp://www.texasbeyondhistory.net/Texas Beyond History. Learn archeology within the context of one state. Texas Beyond Historystarts with a site map to archeological sites around Texas. The Kidsarea has activities and even a link to an expert, Dr. Dirt. Forteachers, there are lesson ideas in the arts, mathematics, literature,and history & social studies.http://www.smithsonianjazz.org/"Smithsonian Jazz" celebrates Jazz Appreciation Month, April, byoffering sound clips, information about jazz events, a directory ofjazz societies (by state & country), links to other jazz websites,& four online "classes" featuring Duke Ellington, Ella Fitzgerald,Louis Armstrong, & Benny Carter.http://www.nga.gov/feature/thenandnow/thenandnow.htm"West Building: Then & Now" celebrates the 60th anniversary (March2001) of the opening of the National Gallery of Art. An onlinephoto essay shows how the West Building & its environs have changedover the years. (NGA)http://americanhistory.si.edu/kids/santos/"You Be the Conservator" invites students to play the role of amuseum conservator, discovering clues about an historical objectin order to preserve or restore it. In the featured activity, theobject is a "santo," a painted woodcarving of a saint in theCatholic Church.http://www.cr.nps.gov/NR/travel/amana/index.htm"The Amana Colonies" looks at the historic utopian societyestablished in the 1850s along the Iowa River by German-speakingsettlers from a religious group known as the Community of TrueInspiration. The group, which originated in Himbach, Germany, in1714, created a communal system of seven villages, each with mills,shops, homes, communal kitchens, schools, & churches. This websitelooks at the groups history, beliefs, buildings, & more.http://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/travel/ashland/"Ashland, Oregon: From Stage Coach to Center Stage" highlights 32historic places in this community located 14 miles north ofCalifornia at the foot of Mt. Ashland. These places together
illustrate the development of Ashland from a small transportation &farming center founded in 1852 into a community with a strongcultural identity.http://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/feature/asia/"Asian-Pacific Heritage Month" provides information about thehistorical contributions of Asian & Pacific peoples in the U.S. &territories. It includes links to Pacific Islander heritage &Asian American heritage websites.http://www.cr.nps.gov/NR/twhp/wwwlps/lessons/70prairie/70prairie.htm"The Battle of Prairie Grove: Civilian Recollections of the CivilWar" helps students place the Battle of Prairie Grove in thecontext of Arkansas role in the Civil War. Photos & readings fromeye witness accounts of the battle depict the harsh realities ofCivil War & its effects on both soldiers & civilians.http://www.cr.nps.gov/NR/twhp/wwwlps/lessons/40stones/40stones.htm"The Battle at Stones River: The Soldiers Story" providesreadings, maps, & visual representations of this battle nearMurfreesboro, Tennessee, which was the second bloodiest battlefought west of the Appalachians during the Civil War.http://historywired.si.edu/index.html"HistoryWired: A Few of Our Favorite Things" offers a virtual tourof selected objects not on display in the National Museum ofAmerican History. Artifacts are presented in a dozen categories,including the arts, commerce, home, leisure, medicine, military,people, politics, science, & technology. Among the artifacts: theportable lap desk on which Thomas Jefferson wrote the Declarationof Independence, George Washingtons camp chest & military uniform,the Star-Spangled Banner, an African American tenant farm house,the first commercially available personal computer, & ThomasEdisons electric pen.http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/ndlpedu/lessons/99/edison/intro.html"Thank You, Mr. Edison: Electricity, Innovation, & Social Change"is a lesson in which students learn about the invention of thephonograph, the impact of electricity on Americans, & ThomasEdisons role in the electrification of America.http://americanhistory.si.edu/kids/buffalo/"Tracking the Buffalo: Stories From a Buffalo Hide Painting" putsstudents in the role of historians as they examine a buffalo hidepainting & click on areas that reveal clues to the paintingsstory. The story helps students understand the role of the buffalo
in the lives of the northern plains American Indians.http://memory.loc.gov:8081/ammem/award99/mymhihtml/mymhihome.html"Westward by Sea: A Maritime Perspective on American Expansion,1820-1890" presents letters, business papers, photos, maps, shiplogbooks, & narratives that can help students understand the storyof Americans travel by sea to settle California, Alaska, Hawaii,Texas, & the Pacific Northwest. Themes illustrated by thesematerials, selected from Mystic Seaports collection, includewhaling, life at sea, the California Gold Rush, & nativepopulations.http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/ndlpedu/lessons/00/lincolnm/intro.html"What Are We Fighting for Over There? Perspectives on the GreatWar" is a unit in which students use primary documents to developan understanding of the World War I era, including how the U.S.prepared for & participated in the war & how the war foreshadowedthe role of the U.S. as a world power of the 20th century.http://americanhistory.si.edu/kids/springer/"You Be the Historian" invites students to examine clues &determine what life was like for a family that lived in New Castle,Delaware, during the 1700s. Students also discover what historiansin the next century might learn about us if they found our homesthe way they are today.http://www.nps.gov/history/NR/twhp/wwwlps/lessons/56arnold/56arnold.htm"Bostons Arnold Arboretum: A Place for Study & Recreation"provides readings, maps, & lesson ideas about the first arboretumin the U.S., which opened to the public in the 1880s. This site,though focused on a place devoted to the study of trees, can helpstudents learn how 19th-century urban conditions influenced thedevelopment of parks & how to research the history of parks intheir own communities.http://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/twhp/wwwlps/lessons/64Bryce/64Bryce.htm"Bryce Canyon National Park: Hoodoos Cast Their Spell" looks atthe history of this area in Utah known for its hoodoos --limestones, sandstones, & mudstones that have been carved byerosion into spectacular spires, fins, & pinnacles.http://www.cr.nps.gov/NR/twhp/wwwlps/lessons/50carnegie/50carnegie.htm"Carnegie Libraries: The Future Made Bright" tells the story of howAndrew Carnegie donated over $40 million from his fortune made inthe railroad & steel industries to build more than 1,600 libraries
across America. Photos, maps, tables, & drawings of "Carnegielibraries" help tell the story.http://www.cr.nps.gov/NR/twhp/wwwlps/lessons/45chatham/45chatham.htm"ChathamPlantation: Witness to the Civil War" recounts whathappened at this plantation overlooking Fredericksburg, Virginia.The house served as a headquarters & communications center forgenerals & commanders. When General Irvin McDowell was housedthere, President Lincoln visited to confer with about strategy.Later in the war, the house served as a hospital where Clara Barton& Walt Whitman tended to wounded soldiers. Four major battles werefought in the countryside surrounding Chatham.http://www.cr.nps.gov/NR/travel/delaware/index.htm"Delaware & Lehigh National Heritage Corridor" features 46 historicplaces along a 150-mile stretch from Bristol to Wilkes-Barre,Pennsylvania, the birthplace of the anthracite coal industry. ThisNational Register of Historic Places Travel Itinerary illustratesthe history of an extraordinary 19th-century transportation system-- mountain railroads, rivers, dams & canals -- devised to moveanthracite from mine to market.http://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/twhp/wwwlps/lessons/37hancock/37hancock.htm"Fort Hancock: A Bastion of Americas Eastern Seaboard" is a lessonthat uses this fort, built in the late 1800s to defend New YorkHarbor, as a base for examining issues in U.S. defense policy &military preparedness in the late 1800s.http://www.free.ed.gov/displaydate.cfmThe Department of Education maintains a list of educational resources!http://www.carnegie.org/sub/kids/carnegie.htmlBiography of Andrew Carnegiehttp://www.carnegie.org/sub/kids/legacy.htmlCarnegie’s Philanthropyhttp://www.museum.upenn.edu/new/research/research_projects.shtml#americanNorth American Historical Archaeology from the University of Pennsylvaniahttp://home.att.net/~mforder/Ephemeria from the 1800s, including primary sources such as train schedules, photographs, andbaseball results from 18th centuryhttp://www.ellisislandrecords.org/Search Ellis Island immigration records
http://projects.edtech.sandi.net/langacad/compdemo/index.htmA WebQuest about democracy in Americahttp://www.whitehouse.gov/kids/connection/The White House kids’ pagehttp://www.memorialhall.mass.edu/"American Centuries: Views from New England" features 1,800 objects& documents from Memorial Hall Museum & Library, located in OldDeerfield, MA. The site includes instructional units (everydaylife in a New England town & graveyard-centered research); a mini-encyclopedia of important people, places, & events in New England;& interactive web activities (scavenger hunt). One exhibit looksat family life, land, Native Americans, African Americans, &newcomers at 3 turns of the century: 1700, 1800, & 1900.http://www.pbs.org/americanrootsmusic/"American Roots Music" is the website for the PBS series by thesame name. It includes summaries of episodes, oral histories,information about songs & artists, & more.http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/civil-rights-act/"The Civil Rights Act of 1964 & the Equal Employment OpportunityCommission" provides a summary, history, & teaching activitiesrelated to the EEOC & this historic law, which forbadediscrimination on the basis of sex & race in hiring, promoting,& firing.http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/day-of-infamy/A Date Which Will Live in Infamy" shows the typewritten draft ofthe December 8, 1941, speech in which Franklin Roosevelt askedCongress to declare war on Japan. The draft shows Rooseveltshand-written edits, including his change of the phrase "a datewhich will live in world history" to "a date which will live ininfamy." Students can also listen to the beginning of the speech.http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/fdr-fireside/"FDRs Fireside Chat on the Purposes & Foundations of the RecoveryProgram" displays the text of one of Franklin Roosevelts firesidechats with the American people. In this July 24, 1933, radiobroadcast, he addressed issues of the Great Depression & describedwhat industry, employers, & workers could do to bring abouteconomic recovery.http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/fdr-inaugural/
"FDRs First Inaugural Address: Declaring War on the GreatDepression" shows photos from that time. It includes FranklinRoosevelts first inaugural address, in which he said, "I shall askthe Congress for the one remaining instrument to meet the crisis[the Depression] -- broad Executive power to wage a war against theemergency, as great as the power that would be given to me if wewere in fact invaded by a foreign foe."http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/barbed-wire/"Gliddens Patent Application for Barbed Wire" presents the drawing& description that helped Joseph Glidden, a farmer from De Kalb,Illinois, win a patent for barbed wire in 1874. Gliddens designremains today the most familiar style of barbed wire. This sitealso examines the considerable impact of barbed wire on theeconomy, society, & politics in the West.http://docsouth.unc.edu/neh/"North American Slave Narratives" is a collection of more than 250memoirs, autobiographies, & narratives from individuals who wereslaves. An African king who was sold into slavery, the dress makerfor Mary Todd Lincoln, the servant of Robert E. Lee during theCivil War, & the nurse of George Washington are included, as arestories of Sojourner Truth, George Washington Carver, Booker T.Washington, & others. These firsthand accounts describe theconditions of slavery & a number of slave escapes to freedom.http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/369th-infantry/"Photographs of the 369th Infantry & African Americans During WorldWar I" highlights an all-black regiment that rose to fame at a timewhen the Army, federal workers, & other parts of society weresegregated. The 369th Infantry, also known as the "HarlemHellfighters," was among the first regiments to arrive in France in1917 after the U.S. declared war on Germany. The regiment spent191 days in combat, longer than any other American unit, & emergedas one of the most decorated regiments during the Great War.http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/election-cartoons/"Political Cartoons Illustrating Progressivism & the Election of1912" offers teaching activities, four political cartoons, & anarrative about reforms proposed by three major presidentialcandidates in 1912: Theodore Roosevelt, William Howard Taft, &Woodrow Wilson. (NARA)http://library.uncg.edu/slavery_petitions/"Race & Slavery Petitions" is a collection of more than two dozenlegislative & county court petitions that were filed in southern
states between the American Revolution & the Civil War. Tens ofthousands of southerners petitioned their legislatures for redressof grievances during this time. These petitions show the complexnature of race & slavery.http://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/twhp/wwwlps/lessons/5johnstown/5johnstown.htm"Run for Your Lives! The Johnstown Flood of 1889" commemorates themost devastating flood in the U.S. in the 19th century & thegreatest national catastrophe in the post-Civil War era. At 4:07on the chilly, wet afternoon of May 31, 1889, the inhabitantsJohnstown, Pennsylvania, heard a low rumble that grew to a "roarlike thunder." Some knew immediately what had happened: the SouthFork Dam, after a night of heavy rain, had broken. The break senta 36-foot wall of water rolling at 40 miles per hour towardJohnstown, a town of 30,000 people. More than 2,200 people werekilled.http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/sow-seeds/"Sow the Seeds of Victory! Posters from the Food AdministrationDuring World War I" tells how Herbert Hoover, as head of the newU.S. Food Administration, convinced Americans to conserve foodduring the Great War. Homeowners were urged to sign pledge cardsto conserve food. Many observed wheatless Mondays, meatlessTuesdays, & porkless Saturdays. This website includes posters thathelped carry one of the messages of Hoover & the Wilsonadministration: that "Food will win the war."http://www.cr.nps.gov/museum/exhibits/revwar/vafo/vafooverview.html"Valley Forge" looks at this famous campsite that marked a turningpoint in the American Revolution. By the fall of 1777, GeneralWashington had suffered more defeats than victories. He sought awinter campsite that would allow observation of the British armywithout exposure to surprise attack. In December, he led 12,000men into Valley Forge, Pennsylvania, for a 6-month encampment whilethe British camped 20 miles away in Philadelphia. The winter wassevere. Nearly 2,000 American soldiers died of disease. But theContinental Army learned discipline & organization here that,coupled with French assistance on land & sea, helped turn the tideof the war.http://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/feature/wom/"Womens History Month" showcases historic properties listed in theNational Register, National Register publications, & National Parkunits commemorating the events & people, the designs & achievementsthat help illustrate the contribution of women to our nations
history.http://www.yiddishradioproject.org/"Yiddish Radio Project" preserves recordings from the golden age ofYiddish radio (1930s-50s). Online exhibits include "Yiddishmelodies in Swing," the history of Yiddish radio, "Rabbi RubinsCourt of the Air," radio dramas of Nahum Stutchkoff, "Levine & HisFlying Machine," & commercials on Yiddish radio. Audio clipsaccompany each exhibit.http://www2.cr.nps.gov/tps/walkthrough/index.htmWalk Through" is designed for learning about the preservation ofhistoric buildings. Examples show how to evaluate historicbuildings from a distance, up close, & inside. The aim is toinform decisions about where buildings can be altered & whichvisual elements need to be preserved.http://www.nps.gov/history/hps/tps/walkthrough/"Working on the Past in Local Historic Districts" tells about"local preservation ordinances" -- what they are, how they work, &how they are making a difference for some of the 2,300 localhistoric districts.http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/fdr-churchill/"Documents Related to Churchill & FDR" examines the friendship &working relations that developed between U.S. President FranklinRoosevelt & British Prime Minister Winston Churchill beginning in1940. Their relationship was crucial in the establishment of aunified effort to deal with the Axis powers.http://www.duke.edu/~ldbaker/classes/AAIH/caaih/ibwells/ibwbkgrd.htmlIda B. Wells, muckraker, anti-lynching advocatehttp://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/presidents/indexjs.htmlThe Presidents – American Experience. The companion web site for the PBS program.http://thefilmvault.com/directory.htmlFashions – circa 1900. The International Ladies’ Garment Workers Union was formed in 1900 inthe heart of New York City’s garment district. The “international” came from the manyimmigrants that flooded the U.S. during the end of the 1800’s and the beginning of this century.Sewing skills learned at the knee of a grandmother were now bringing in money to help keepfamilies alive.http://www.thefilmvault.com/fashions/index.htmlFashions from 1900 to 1928.
http://www.teachingamericanhistory.org/library/index.asp?document=278Letter from Abigail Adams to John Adams 1776.http://www.teachingamericanhistory.org/institutes/2002/founding_readings.html#2Lecture on the Declaration of Independence.http://www.ed.gov/programs/teachinghistory/resources.htmlResources for the Teaching American History Grant program, as compiled by the Department ofEducation.http://www.wmol.com/whalive/workshop.htmActivities – writing skits, other history activities.http://www.wmol.com/whalive/cww.htmPlay – Civil War women.http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/mussmhtml/"Music for the Nation: American Sheet Music" contains more than 15,000 pieces of historicalsheet music registered for copyright during 1820-1860 & more than 47,000 pieces registeredduring 1870-1885. It includes popular songs, operatic arias, piano music, sacred & secularchoral music, solo instrumental music, method books & instructional materials, & music forband & orchestra. The collection is searchable by author, subject, & song title.http://www.lewisandclark200.org/This is a web portal to information about the famous expedition that set out nearly 200 years agoto find & map a transcontinental water route to the Pacific Ocean. The journey of Lewis & Clark& their 33-member party across the continent is shown on a current U.S. map (alongside todayscities & highways) with descriptions of historical places along the trail. The site provides maps,timelines, & classroom activities, as well as the letter of instruction from Thomas Jefferson &biographical information about Corps of Discovery members & American Indian tribes theyencountered. This website is the result of a partnership among 32 federal agencies &organizations.http://www.whitehouse.gov/history/life/"Life in the White House" presents a history of the White House in celebration of the100th anniversary of the West Wing. Video tours of the Oval Office, Cabinet Room, DiplomaticRoom, & other rooms are narrated by the First Lady, the Presidents Chief of Staff, the VicePresident, & others, including the President himself.http://www.ourdocuments.gov/"Our Documents" features 100 milestone documents in U.S. history. Each week, the websitehighlights 3 documents, beginning with the Lee Resolution of June 7, 1776, & ending with theCivil Rights Act of 1964. Speeches, treaties, Supreme Court cases, patent designs, &Constitutional amendments are among the 100 documents that changed the course of history &helped shape our national character. Images of documents are accompanied by transcriptions &
historical interpretations. The website, part of a history & civics initiative announced byPresident Bush on September 17, 2002, includes information about competitions for students &workshops for teachers. Teachers are invited to develop & test a classroom lesson on one orseveral milestone documents.http://www.lewis-clark.org/A very thorough guide to the Lewis and Clark Expedition.http://www.monticello.org/The main website for Monticellohttp://www.kn.pacbell.com/wired/bluewebn/The Blue Web’n Project, one of the largest educational resources on the internet.http://historymatters.gmu.edu/History Matters – survey course for US History on the webhttp://www.ala.org/parentspage/greatsites/people.html#dhttp://www.ala.org/parentspage/greatsites/people2.htmlRecommended websites compiled by the American Library Association.http://www.glencoe.com/sec/socialstudies/index.htmlSocial Studies onlinehttp://www.worldwar1.com/rep.htmlWar posters from the Great Warhttp://www.mcps.k12.md.us/schools/leems/histfic.htmlWebQuest of the Civil War in Historical Fictionhttp://edsitement.neh.gov/EDSITEMENT – “The best of” humanities web siteshttp://www.nps.gov/malu/"Martin Luther King Jr., National Historic Site" features Atlantas Auburn Avenue, theneighborhood where the civil rights leader was born & raised. "Sweet Auburn," as it came to becalled, became the center of African American life in Atlanta between 1910 & 1930. Photos &maps of the neighborhood are provided. Kings role in the civil rights movement is alsoexamined.http://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/travel/shaker/"Shaker Historic Trails" presents 15 places that together reveal the legacy of one of the mostcompelling religious & social movements in American life. Three essays trace the growth of theUnited Society of Believers, or Shakers, from its founding by a group of dissenting Quakers in1747 to its membership of 6,000 people just before the Civil War. The Shakers established 19official communities from Maine to Kentucky based on the principle of establishing "heaven on
earth" through the practice of communitarian social organizations, pacifism, celibacy, genderequality, & the public confession of sin. Photos, maps, and itineraries are provided.http://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/travel/santaclara/"Santa Clara County: Californias Historic Silicon Valley" features 28 historic places thatillustrate how this fertile valley blossomed from small agricultural towns linked by railroad into acenter of technological innovation. Located south of San Francisco, the history of Santa ClaraCounty is rich with stories of Spanish & Mexican settlement, the Gold-Rush era, post-warsuburbanization, the race to the moon, & the invention of the silicon chip. The website includesessays, photos, maps, and itineraries.http://www.gilderlehrman.org/The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History, including good resources on the “Age ofLincoln”http://www.gilderlehrman.org/institute/public_virtual.htmlGilder-Lehrman Virtual Museumshttp://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/twhp/wwwlps/lessons/7attu/7attu.htm"Attu: North American Battleground of World War II" is the site of the only land battle on theNorth American continent during World War II. In June 1942, Japanese forces invaded Attu &other Aleutian islands. Americans feared the islands would be used as a staging area to attackthe mainland. The U.S. had to regain the Aleutians at all costs.http://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/twhp/wwwlps/lessons/79oriskany/79oriskany.htm"The Battle of Oriskany: Blood Shed a Stream Running Down" tells how long-standingprejudices & the Revolutionary War unleashed massive bloodshed among inhabitants of NewYorks Mohawk Valley. Located in rich farmland & at a strategic point in a fur trade route, thevalley had been settled by Dutch, German, Irish, Scotch, & British immigrants who hadprospered from productive farms & lucrative trade. As war broke out, everyone had to choosesides: Rebel or Tory. It was not easy for many, including the Iroquois Confederacy, which couldnot agree. Five hundred years of unity among the Six Nations was broken. On August 6, 1777,as Rebels crossed a ravine preparing to attack a British camp, they were ambushed by SenecaTories. Thus began the battle where neighbor fought neighbor & a quiet ravine became a bloodyslaughterhouse.http://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/twhp/wwwlps/lessons/81columbus/81columbus.htm"Chicagos Columbus Park: The Prairie Idealized" presents the story of Jens Jensen, whoimmigrated from Denmark to the U.S. in the 1880s, took a job as a Chicago street sweeper, waspromoted to gardener, & rose to renown as a landscape architect. Jensen aimed to portray "thesoul of the landscape" & developed the "Prairie style," incorporating regional trees & flowers inidealized settings of groves, streams, limestone outcroppings, & flat fields. His crowningachievement was Columbus Park, a 150-acre park of wildflowers, waterfalls, stepping stonepaths, & a river 7 miles from downtown Chicago.
http://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/twhp/wwwlps/lessons/99condon/99condon.htm"Coffeyville, Kansas: The Town That Stopped the Dalton Gang" recounts the bank robberyattempt that made Coffeyville famous in 1892. Bob Daltons gang had been robbing trains,stealing horses, & looting gambling houses in the Midwest. But Dalton wanted more. Heclaimed he would "beat anything Jesse James ever did -- rob two banks at once, in broaddaylight." This is the story of his attempt to do so & the response he met from the citizens of thissmall southeastern Kansas town. When the dust had settled, more than half a dozen citizens& four of the five outlaws lay dead. http://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/twhp/wwwlps/lessons/80homestead/80homestead.htm"The Freeman School: Building Prairie Communities" examines a once common feature on theAmerican West landscape: the one-room schoolhouse. This particular one-room school,originally known as the Red-Brick School House, served the community of Blakely Township,Nebraska, from 1872 to 1967. When closed, it was the oldest continuously used one-room schoolin Nebraska. It served not only as a school, but also as a church, meeting hall, polling place, &social & political center of the community.http://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/travel/hardin/"Hardin County, Iowa" presents 26 historic places -- barns, civic buildings, churches, railroaddepots, schools, & libraries -- that depict the history of this county, known as the "Heart of theHeartland."http://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/twhp/wwwlps/lessons/96ranchos/96ranchos.htm"Hispano Ranchos of Northern New Mexico: Continuity & Change" features the smallsubsistence farms, or ranchos, created by "Hispanos," early Spanish settlers of New Mexico,during the 1800s in the mountain valleys of the Pecos & Mora rivers. Houses were built from thesame adobe used to construct Indian pueblos & Spanish missions, with decorative details addedbased on architectural fashions brought to New Mexico after it became a U.S. territory in1851. Irrigation ditches were dug & regulated by rules dating back centuries. The websiteprovides an historical view of this region during the 19th century & of the Hispanos culturalheritage & how they adapted to change.http://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/twhp/wwwlps/lessons/97hopewell/97hopewell.htm"Hopewell Furnace: A Pennsylvania Iron-making Plantation" focuses on one of the 65 smallironworks operating in southeast Pennsylvania during the American Revolution. The HopewellFurnace, located in forested hills & valleys along French Creek in Berks County, operated from1771 to 1883. The furnace was the center of a self-contained hierarchical community of 200-300people, all of whose work was related to the production of iron. Hopewell produced shot &cannon for Continental forces during the Revolution; between 1825 & 1844, it supplied variousiron products to eastern cities, including the popular "Hopewell Stove." This website offers aglimpse into the early days of the iron & steel industry, which played a central role in the growthof America as an industrial nation.http://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/twhp/wwwlps/lessons/85bellamy/85bellamy.htm"Joseph Bellamy House: The Great Awakening in Puritan New England" examines the life × of the Reverend Joseph Bellamy (1719-1790), a leading preacher, author, & educator in
New England. At the age of 20, Bellamy became the minister in Bethlehem, Connecticut, in1740. He & other ministers, including Jonathan Edwards, spent most of 1741-1742 riding aboutNew England delivering impassioned sermons to bring sinners back to the fold of the church.The movement, known as the Great Awakening, appealed particularly to working class people &spread throughout the northern & central colonies. Through his sermons & writings, Bellamylinked traditional Calvinist doctrine with reformers belief that the "call of the gospel was toeveryone without exception." He molded religion to fit people instead of vice versa -- anapproach many of his colleagues opposed vehemently.http://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/travel/lexington/"Lexington, Kentucky: The Athens of the West" highlights 29 places that illustrate thetransformation of the city from a small frontier post during the Revolutionary War into a centerof economic, intellectual, & political activity. Photos, maps, & essays are included.http://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/twhp/wwwlps/lessons/46montpelier/46montpelier.htm"Memories of Montpelier: Home of James & Dolley Madison" describes the setting, main house,& grounds of the home of our fourth President & "father" of our Constitution. It also looks atdaily life in this 19th century home on a 5,000-acre plantation in the Piedmont of Virginia. TheMadisons received many visitors. In fact, it was not uncommon for them to have as many as 25guests requiring both room & board. http://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/twhp/wwwlps/lessons/82springwood/82springwood.htm"Springwood: Birthplace & Home to Franklin D. Roosevelt" is the only place in the U.S. where aPresident was born, maintained a lifelong connection, & lies buried. The estate, located in HydePark on the Hudson River (New York), is where Roosevelt was raised & where he & his wife,Eleanor, raised their five children. From the time of his first political election, he delivered hisacceptance speeches from the portico of this house. Cabinet members, heads of state, royalty,congressmen, senators, & Secret Service stayed at the house during his presidency. http://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/twhp/wwwlps/lessons/77troosevelt/77troosevelt.htm"Theodore Roosevelt Inaugural Site: Birthplace of the ModernPresidency" examines the career of our 26th President -- the conditions under which he became avice presidential candidate, the assassination of President McKinley, the home where TR washastily inaugurated in 1901, & the influence he exerted on the nation & the presidency. Hisinauguration marked a turning point in the role of the presidency, launching a change in nationalpolicy & propelling the U.S. into world affairs.http://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/twhp/wwwlps/lessons/94rivers/94rivers.htm"These Honored Dead: The Battle of Rivers Bridge & Civil War Combat Casualties" recounts abattle in a cold, rainy swamp in South Carolina during the last year of the war. In contrast tomajor campaigns & battles, this small battle presents the war on a human scale. Through maps,illustrations, photos, & descriptions, one can comprehend the entire battlefield & tactics usedthere. Excerpts from letters help students see the war & its effects from the perspective ofindividual commanders & soldiers.http://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/twhp/wwwlps/lessons/89manzanar/89manzanar.htm
"The War Relocation Camps of World War II: When Fear Was Stronger Than Justice" looks atthe causes & consequences of President Franklin Roosevelts executive order, signed two monthsafter the attack on Pearl Harbor, that moved nearly 120,000 Japanese & Japanese Americans into10 isolated relocation centers. The website provides an excerpt from the executive order as wellas headlines from newspapers, a 1942 notice of "instructions to all persons of Japanese ancestry,"a description of life in the relocation centers, maps, photos of a typical barracks room & messhall, & more.http://www.cr.nps.gov/museum/exhibits/revwar/morr/morroverview.html"American Revolutionary War: Morristown National Historic Park" describes the mansion andenvirons where General Washington & his aides were headquartered for 200 days. It was here inthe Ford Mansion that he met with officers, scouts, spies, statesmen, and foreign diplomats. Histroops -- the Continental Army of over 10,000 soldiers -- were encamped on the windswept hills& farmland nearby, where they built a "log-house city" of more than 1,000structures. Washington had selected this site in Morristown, NJ, for strategic reasons. Fromhere, he could keep an eye on the British wintering in & around Manhattan Island. He couldguard roads that connected New England with Philadelphia (the Revolutionary capital) & movetroops swiftly to any threatened point. Also, Morristowns rugged hills & mountains & broadswamps provided a defensive advantage.http://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/twhp/wwwlps/lessons/90midway/90midway.htm"The Battle of Midway: Turning the Tide in the Pacific" examines a pivotal World War IIbattle. In the spring of 1942, after victories in the Pacific & southeast Asia, Japan was preparingto establish a toehold in the Aleutian Islands, occupy & convert Midway into an air base forinvading Hawaii, & lure the U.S. Pacific Fleet into a final battle & finish it off. The Japanesefleet depended on radio codes that codebreakers in Hawaii & Washington, D.C., worked aroundthe clock to interpret. This website tells how they broke the code & how the U.S. Pacific Fleetended Japans seemingly unstoppable advance across the Pacific. http://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/twhp/wwwlps/lessons/91glorieta/91glorieta.htm"The Battle of Glorieta Pass: A Shattered Dream" examines the Civil War battle known as the"Gettysburg of the West." Texans invaded this mountain valley, intent on conquering NewMexico. Victory here would be a necessary prelude to detaching the western states from theUnion & expanding the Confederacy to the Pacific Ocean. They were met along the canyon &ridge on March 26, 1862, by volunteers from Colorado. A three-day battle ensued, culminatingwith the Confederates retreating to Texas & Confederacy hopes of expanding west shattered. http://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/twhp/wwwlps/lessons/86bostonparks/86bostonparks.htm"The Emerald Necklace: Bostons Green Connection" recounts the creation of a series of parks inBoston in the 1880s. At that time, Boston was crammed with buildings & people. It wasovercrowded, noisy, & dirty. City officials, concerned about the health & well-being ofBostonians, hired Frederick Law Olmsted, who had designed Central Park in New York, tocreate a park system. He developed & wove together a series of small parks -- gardens,waterways, meadows, tree museums, & others -- into what became known as Boston’s EmeraldNecklace.
http://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/twhp/wwwlps/lessons/84mountauburn/84mountauburn.htm"Mount Auburn Cemetery: A New American Landscape" describes the countrys first large-scaledesigned landscape open to the public. The cemetery, established four miles outside Boston in1831, stood in stark contrast to the barren, crowded burial grounds in the city. Providing amplespace in a tranquil, natural setting, Mount Auburn attracted not only mourners, but city dwellerswanting to experience nature, as well as tourists & students. It inspired many offspring -- otherrural cemeteries, the first public parks, & the first designed suburbs in the 19th century. Itmarked a major shift in the way we bury our dead.http://jeffersondavis.rice.edu/"Papers of Jefferson Davis" features more than 40 letters & speeches written by the man bestknown as president of the Confederacy during the American Civil War. Davis was also aMexican War hero, member of the Senate & House of Representatives, & secretary of war underFranklin Pierce. After the Civil War he became a symbol of the Lost Cause. The websiteprovides extensive information on Davis & his family & numerous images. http://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/twhp/wwwlps/lessons/93saratoga/93saratoga.htm"Saratoga: The Tide Turns on the Frontier" examines the turning point in the AmericanRevolution: two battles that demonstrated to France that the ragtag Continental Army could winagainst Britains better trained, disciplined troops. Within months of the Battles of Saratoga,France signed accords with Ben Franklin & other American envoys in Paris recognizingAmericas Declaration of Independence & pledging full military & financial support. Francesallies, Spain & Holland, also entered the conflict in support of the U.S. The victory at Saratogaturned the American Revolution into a global war that Britain could not win.http://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/twhp/wwwlps/lessons/83savannah/83savannah.htm"Savannah, Georgia: The Lasting Legacy of Colonial City Planning" describes the establishingof Georgia as a colony in America & the design of the settlement. When a friend in jail for debtdied there, General James Oglethorpe, a member of the House of Commons, asked Parliamentfor an investigation into the suffering of debtors in London jails. A committee concluded that acolony should be established in America for the poor. Oglethorpe led a sea voyage of 114 men,women, & children who hoped for a better opportunity in America. He also designed thesettlement layout to reflect both egalitarian principles & classical standards of fortressconstruction. Savannah remains one of the few surviving colonial city plans in the U.S.http://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/twhp/wwwlps/lessons/92uva/92uva.htm"Thomas Jeffersons Plan for the University of Virginia: Lessons from the Lawn" tells the storyof the creation of the University of Virginia. After serving as President, Jefferson continuedadvocating for a statewide system of education in Virginia, hoping to extend education beyondthe elite to the common man. Although the Virginia legislature refused to fund a plan forprimary & secondary education, when it approved funding in 1818 to establish a state university,Jefferson immediately drew architectural plans for his ideal university. It would be "anacademical village" where professors would have their own separate houses ("pavilions"). Thecurriculum would focus on scientific knowledge, unlike at other universities, where preparationof clergy for the church was the focus. The library would be located at the center of theuniversity -- a revolutionary concept because libraries were not important features of other
institutions where learning was based on students recitation of facts memorized from professorslectures. When construction at the site in the countryside west of Charlottesville began,Jefferson made the four-mile trip on horseback from his home, Monticello, almost every day tooversee the work. The importance Jefferson attached to this work was reflected in the epitaph hewrote for his grave marker. He omitted the fact that hed served as President of the U.S., notinginstead that he was author of the Declaration of Independence, author of the Statute of Virginiafor Religious Freedom, & father of the University of Virginia.http://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/twhp/wwwlps/lessons/28thurmond/28thurmond.htm"Thurmond: A Town Born from Coal Mines & Railroads" recounts the story of the New RiverGorge area in West Virginia. It is mountainous & remained sparsely populated & largelyinaccessible until 1873, when the Chesapeake & Ohio Railway Company laid track through thegorge. Coal mining companies, towns, & camps appeared almost overnight to mine the coaldeposits. One of these towns, the railroading town of Thurmond, reached its peak as the majorrevenue producer for the C&O Railroad during the early 1900s -- a time when coal was king.http://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/twhp/wwwlps/lessons/78vanderbilt/78vanderbilt.htm"Vanderbilt Mansion National Historic Site: Monument to the Gilded Age" describes this HydePark estate that includes a palatial Beaux-Arts mansion, stunning views of the Hudson River &Catskill Mountains, & over 600 acres of landscaped property. The mansion was built in 1895-8by Frederick Vanderbilt, an heir of the fortune created by Cornelius "Commodore"Vanderbilt. Cornelius, at the age of 16, borrowed $100 from his parents, purchased a periauger(a flat-bottomed sailing barge), & began a ferry service now known as the Staten IslandFerry. Cornelius built a shipping empire, bought up small railroads, & at his death in 1877, wasworth $105 million, a larger sum than in the U.S. Treasury at the time. Heirs to his fortune,including grandson Frederick, lived like European royalty, redefining what it meant to be rich inAmerica. The Hyde Park estate came to symbolize the enormous wealth accumulated by aprivileged few during the Gilded Age.http://library.thinkquest.org/27411/letter.htmLetters from the Civil War (ThinkQuest)http://library.thinkquest.org/27411/Civil War Resources (ThinkQuest)http://www.nps.gov/vick/vcmpgn/vcmpgn.htm"The Campaign for Vicksburg, 1863" describes the effort by Major General Grant & his UnionArmy of Tennessee to capture Vicksburg, Mississippi. Taking Vicksburg, President Lincolnsaid, was the key to ending the Civil War. It was the key to his administrations regainingcontrol of the lower Mississippi River, which had been lost when southern states seceded &Confederate forces closed the river. Regaining control of this area & the river, the mostimportant economic feature of the continent, would allow the rich agricultural produce of theNorthwest to reach world markets. It would also split the South in two.
http://www.nps.gov/ncro/educ/park/nama.htm"Creation of the National Mall" looks at the grounds that serve as the setting for the WashingtonMonument, Lincoln Memorial, Jefferson Memorial, & Franklin Roosevelt Memorial, as well asthe Vietnam Veterans Memorial, D.C. War Memorial, & Korean War Veterans Memorial. TheMall, known as "Americas Common," is a place where Americans gather to exercise ourdemocratic rights, reflect on our great leaders & pivotal events, & celebrate the birth of ournation. This website includes a history of the Mall & a timeline of key dates in its evolution.http://www.ourdocuments.gov/content.php?page=sourcebook3"Our Documents: Teacher Sourcebook" is designed to help teachers use in the classroom 100 ofthe most important documents in our nations history. The 100 milestone documents appear on atimeline, along with descriptions telling why theyre important. Key themes are discussed --rights & responsibilities, individuals & society, state & federal power, & commerce ®ulation. Guidelines suggest ways to use primary sources as teaching tools. An essay recountswhat happened at the Constitutional Convention. Three indepth lesson plans are provided onThomas Jefferson & the Louisiana Purchase, Alexander Graham Bell & Thomas Edison, &Brown v Board of Education. The 80-page sourcebook accompanies the National Initiative onAmerican History, Civics, & Service announced by President Bush in September 2002.http://www.nps.gov/stli/teachercorner/index.html"Statue of Liberty: Teachers Corner" features the 305-foot monument that stands in New YorkHarbor as a symbol of political freedom & democracy. The copper statue, a gift from the peopleof France, was built by Frederic-August Bartholdi in Paris & was dedicated in the U.S. in1886. This website identifies 11 symbolic elements in the monument & describes sevenindividuals responsible for its construction.http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/tguide/1index.htmlSlavery web site (history of slavery)http://www.balboapark.org/History of 1915 and 1935 expositions in Balboa Parkhttp://www.antislavery.org/homepage/antislavery/history.htmSlavery International – including slavery todayhttp://www.history.rochester.edu/class/douglass/part3.htmlFrederick Douglass – The Rochester Yearshttp://www.future.state.gov/"Future State" is the U.S. State Departments website for youth. It offers lesson plans onterrorism, Vietnam, & the Cuban Missile Crisis & information about more than 50 internationalissues. "Careers Representing America," games, & "Meet the Secretary of State" are among thefeatures. Links are provided for learning about current events, geography, & the environment.
http://www.loc.gov/folklife/vets/ "Veterans History Project" is collecting oral histories, letters, diaries, & photos of Americas warveterans & those who supported them. The project includes participants in World War I, WorldWar II, & the Korean, Vietnam, & Persian Gulf wars. Students, citizens, & organizations areinvited to contribute using the Project Kit, which provides all information & forms needed tointerview a veteran. Libraries, museums, & civic groups can read about model veterans projects& start a project in their community.http://www.neh.gov/wtp/bookshelf/index.html"We the People Bookshelf" invites schools & libraries to apply to receive 15 thematically relatedbooks that depict universal themes & key moments in American history. The 2003-4 theme iscourage. The deadline is October 22, 2003.http://www.plimoth.org/Plymouth Villagehttp://memory.loc.gov/ammem/lhtnhtml/lhtnhome.html"American Notes: Travels in America, 1750-1920" provides 253 narratives describing travels inthe colonies & the U.S. The collection includes works by authors not widely known as well asby Matthew Arnold, James Fenimore Cooper, Dickens, Washington Irving, Sir Charles Lyell,Robert Louis Stevenson, & other major figures. The collection is searchable & can be browsedby not only by author & title, but also by subject.http://www.pbs.org/benfranklin/"Benjamin Franklin" explores Franklins life as a writer, inventor, diplomat, businessman,musician, scientist, humorist, civic leader, international celebrity, abolitionist, & genius. Thiscompanion website to the PBS documentary includes information on his experiments, role as afounding father, his diplomatic work, & his community work. Lesson plans, a timeline,interactive science experiments, a kite building exercise, & other resources are also available.http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/ndlpcoop/moahtml/ncphome.html"The Nineteenth Century in Print: the Making of America in Books &Periodicals" presents digitized books & periodicals published in the U.S. during the 19thcentury. The collection includes 23 popular magazines & more than 1,500 books that illuminatethemes central to American life in the mid- to late 19th century, including the Civil War, slavery& abolition, religion, education, self-help & self-improvement, travel & westward expansion, &poetry.http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/wrighthtml/wrighthome.html"The Wilbur & Orville Wright Papers" documents the Wright brothers lives & their work thatled to the worlds first powered, controlled, & sustained flight. Nearly 50,000 digital images areprovided -- diaries, scrapbooks, drawings, photos, & more. Learn about the Wright brothersboyhoods & early business ventures. See the famous glass-plate negative of the "First Flight" atKitty Hawk on December 17, 1903. Read letters & diaries in which they recount the workleading up to that day.