Understanding learning styles of student for effective teachingPresentation Transcript
UNDERSTANDING LEARNING STYLES FOR EFFECTIVE TEACHING
Targeting an Intelligence When writing a lesson plan, most teachers teach to the majority of their students. The downside to this that not everyone learns in the same way.
Teachers must know When teachingthat it is imperative they know who their students really are.
Also When giving an assignment it is important they know how to address as many intelligences as possible.
Different learning Styles• In 1983 Dr. Howard Gardner, of Harvard University, developed his theory of multiple intelligences. • He believed that no two people learned the same way. • He proposed the following eight different intelligences.
However, his hypothesis has beenreviewed over time and scholars arrived at 3 basic learning styles which are: Visual Auditory Kinesthetic/ Manipulative
Learning style is defined as the wayinformation is processed. It focuses on strengths, not weaknesses.There is no right or wrong learning style
BASIC LEARNING STYLESVisual learners learn by watching (they think in pictures). They call up images from the past when trying to remember. They picture the way things look in their heads. Forty percent of secondary students fall into this category.
VISUAL SUMMARY Score mostly A’sVISUAL SUMMARY
Take numerous detailed notes
Are usually neat and clean
Often close their eyes to visualize or remember something
Tend to sit in the front
Like to see what they are learning
Benefit from illustrations and presentations that use color
Are attracted to written or spoken language rich in imagery
Find something to watch when bored
Find passive surroundings idea
BASIC LEARNING STYLES AUDITORY Auditory learners students learn by listening (lectures, discussions, tapes etc) and remember facts when they are presented in the form of a poem, song or melody.. They can sometimes have trouble reading, because they dont visualize well.
AUDITORY SUMMARY B B Score mostly B’s
Sit where they can hear but needn’t pay attention to what is happening in front
May not coordinate colors or clothes, but can explainwhy they are wearing what they are wearing and why
Hum or talk to themselves or others when bored
Acquire knowledge by reading aloud
Remember by verbalizing lessons to themselves( if they don’t have difficulty reading maps or diagrams or handling conceptual assignments like mathematics)
They can sometimes have trouble reading, because they dont visualize well
KINESTHETIC/ TACTILE Kinesthetic learners learn best through movement and manipulation (viaexperience – moving, touching and doing). They like to find out how things work and are often successful in the practical in the arts, such as carpentry or design. These students make up 50 percent of secondary students and have difficulty learning in a traditional setting.
KINESTHETIC/ TACTILE SUMMARY.Score mostly C’s
2.Need to be active and take frequent breaks
3Speak with their hands and with gestures
4 REMEMBER WHAT WAS DONE, BUT HAVEDIFFICULTY RECALLING WHAT WAS SAID OR SEEN
5FIND REASON TO TINKER OR MOVE WHEN BORED
6RELY ON WHAT THEY CAN DIRECTLY EXPERIENCE OR PERFORM
7 Activities such as cooking, construction,engineering and art help them perceive and learn
8Enjoy field trips and tasks that involve manipulating materials
9Sit near the door or someplace else where they can easily get up and move around
10Are uncomfortable in classrooms where they lack opportunities for hands-on experience
11 Communicate by touching and appreciate physically expressed encouragement, such as a pat on the back
PATHETIC STORY ONLY 10 PERCENTOF SECONDARY STUDENTS LEARN BEST AUDITORILY, BUT, 80% OF INSTRUCTIONAL DELIVERY IS AUDITORY
exerciseWhat comes to your mind when you hear the word DOG ?
Some people see a picture of the animal
HEAR A BARK
while others visualize the animal dog
CONCLUSION Since not everyone remembers things the same way, it isimperative for a teacher to come up with as many “tricks” as they can to help their students. Songs, mnemonic devices, songs, diagrams, games, acronyms and analogies are some examples.
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ANDlife IS short…
it’s YOUR LIFE that’sat stake Make it worth YOUR WHILE.
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