WD-NACE approaches to meaningful inclusion. By Ms. Nilufar Matin from SEI…
Understanding decision networks in coastal resource management Approaches to meaningful inclusion WD-NACE An ESPA Programme Framework project 2010-2012 Nilufar Matin & WD-NACE Team
The Purpose The WD-NACE team is working with partners in Kenya and in Bangladesh to develop a conceptual framework that links ecosystems and livelihood domains in coastal resource management, and the implications of these linkages for human well-being and poverty alleviation. How ecosystems respond to changes in global drivers and more importantly to human pressure; How human actors generate, share and select knowledge for managing natural resources; How social-ecological interactions across multiple scales produce non-linear feedbacks that pose a challenge to sustainability.
Conceptualising social–ecological linkages and feedbacks
Conceptual framework – ReAL-D Resources in question - coastal resources and ecosystem services, and Actors, along with perceived actor-attributes,* and theirInter-Linkages and feedbacks, that are nested within global, national and macro contexts,determinechoice, Decision, and action that leads toecological and social dynamics -> processes leading to wellbeing or poverty or both among resource users.
WD-NACE Approach• Mapping decision space• Ecosystem based poverty analyses• Sustainability analysis• Ecosystem modelling• Agent based social simulation
Mapping decision space: using ReAL-D frameworkActivity 1 Resources (Re)What are the main resources, ecological dynamics, information and knowledge is available and required for sustainable useActivity 2 Actors, attributes, inter-Linkages (AL)Who are the main actors and how are they linked, their influence, attributes etc. Activity 3 Decision processes (D)What are the key decisions in relation to the management and use of resources - why, who and how?
Ecosystem based poverty analysesA 3 –way approach: Environmental poverty –spatial dimension Dynamic poverty – ecosystem and livelihood changes over time Ecosystem based poverty indicators – multi-dimensional assessment
Sustainability analysisUsing Q-sort - A way of structuring subjective opinions of respondents• Collect a variety of statements• Ask a variety of stakeholders to sort these• Use factor analysis programme to identify factors• Do qualitative interpretation of the statistics• Use results to set beliefs of agent sub-groups Emergent groups and beliefs
ReAL-D: A conceptual frameworkModel of coastalecosystems and theirinter-relationshipsalongside their interactions with human actors and feedbacks. Model of decision- making by human actors focusing on their attributes and inter- relationships alongside their interactions with the ecosystems.
WD-NACE study areas in Bangladesh and KenyaBangladesh Kenya