VSO Bangladesh: Climate Change Community Adaptation                                                                       ...
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Vso poster presentation climate change new version

  1. 1. VSO Bangladesh: Climate Change Community Adaptation Securing livelihoods through Model Village ApproachI. Challenge Rangpur: 1. Chicken & goat rearing, fruit trees, compost IV. DiscussionThe rural communities in Bangladesh mainly rely on agriculture and livestock fertilizer Using simple methods to multiply the (financial or natural) sources of for their livelihoods, supplemented with other sources of income. The 2. Dairy cooperative, Napier income turned out to be successful and sustainable forms of grass, compost fertilizer food that is produced offers the basic nutritional needs and income for development in rural communities. These interventions means a the family. However, due to climate change people’s livelihoods are Dinajpur: 1. drought tolerant second or even third source of income for the households. They rice 2. goat and chicken threatened. In the North people are confronted with severe droughts, strengthen the sources for food, economic capabilities as well as rearing while in the South people are facing salinity, causing in both areas crop adapt to challenges of climate change. This also corresponds with the Bogra: Biogas plant failures. In order to survive, Volunteer Service Overseas (VSO) first pillar of the Bangladesh Climate Change Strategy and Action Plan Bangladesh supported the most poor and vulnerable people with the Rampal: 1. Saline tolerant rice 2008. Most often, local knowledge and local materials were shared development of alternative livelihoods. International volunteers 2. Goat and crab rearing among poor and vulnerable people, therefore consistent with the together with the national volunteers and people’s organizations, play a Chitalmari: integrated fish local needs and opportunities. International and national volunteers key role in sharing knowledge and skills from which local communities farming, goat rearing, dairy played a key role to share knowledge and support people to develop benefit. cooperative their capacities. Specifically local youth volunteers got chances to Mongla: chicken& duck develop their talents. Not only the partner organizations and local rearing volunteers profit from the projects, but also their families and the Ramnagar: goat rearing, communities of which they are part of. VSO Bangladesh advocates to compost fertilizer use the good practices and other learning from local level up to Shamnagar: selective goat national level through the Ministry of Disaster Management and and duck rearing Climate Change and the Ministry of Agriculture. Figure 3. Map of Bangladesh showing where VSO Bangladesh and partner organizations work together with international and national volunteers on alternative livelihoods projects III. Methodology VSO Bangladesh included the following stakeholders in each of the activities: local partner organisations, local volunteers and people in theFigure 1. Cooking on biogas based on cow dung communities.  The sharing of technical skills of international volunteers, local II. Activities  volunteers and communities among each other The involvement of local service providers and government officers to In order to adapt to the challenges that are caused by climate change, the strengthen the governmental institutional linkages following activities were introduced:  Peer to peer learning  Using farm and animal waste to make compost fertilizer  Sharing good practices and learning from others through the Horizontal  Promoting dairy cooperatives  Integrating Napier grass (drought tolerant) and dairy Learning Platform (HLP) Figure 5. Supporting the establishment of dairy cooperatives  Action research  Promoting the use of biogas plants  Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA)  Combining goat rearing with fruit and vegetable cultivation in dry areas  Duck, goat and chicken rearing in saline areas for commercial aims  Integrating duck and crab rearing IV. Results IV. Recommendations  Adapting to drought tolerant rice and/or saline tolerant rice VSO Bangladesh has shared the following alternative income sources as a pilot  Ensure the usage of local materials  Shrimp farming in ponds affected with salinity project in different regions of Bangladesh. As the map above shows, 10  Adopting existing locally developed technologies  Adapting handicraft production using local materials partner organization were involved to implement small and bigger  Include CBO’s to reach many community people, like groups of income generating activities with help of international and national active citizens, youth and/or senior volunteers, farmer groups volunteers. The next figure shows the number of households reached  Collaborating with local government officials and other service with other interventions: providers (where possible) to strengthen the local institutional linkages Crab and duck rearing Adapting to saline tolerant rice Acknowledgments Producing compost fertilizers This results of VSO’s programs on this poster was made possible with help of VSO’s international volunteers: Evelyne Ekisa (Kenya), Ramon Martinez Promoting dairy cooperatives (Philippines), Elvira Maria Duka (Philippines), Collins Mugumya (Uganda), Adapting to drought tolerant Lule Peter Lajul (Uganda), Puff Ray Mukwaya (Uganda), Fyrn Sadava rice (Philippines), Carolien Pronk (The Netherlands). More information: Address: VSO Bangladesh, House 2/7, Block C, Lalmatia, Dhaka Fruit cultivation Phone: (0088) 0291185411 Duck, goat and chicken rearing Email: Mohammed Rashid (PD VSO) Mohammed.Rashid@vsoint.org Rumana Begum (PD VSO) Rumana.Begum@vsoin.org Number of HH 0 50 100 150 200 250 Lule Peter Lajul (Advisor on Climate Change and Alternative Figure 4. Number of households (HH) reached by Livelihood) LulePeter@ymail.comFigure 2. Organic compost from cow dung Carolien Pronk (Health Rights Advisor) ccpronk@outlook.com alternative livelihood interventions