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Resource use and human actions: Knowledge and Networks. By Dr. Dwijen Mallick from BCAS and Tahia Devisscher from SEI Oxford, UK
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Resource use and human actions: Knowledge and Networks. By Dr. Dwijen Mallick from BCAS and Tahia Devisscher from SEI Oxford, UK






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Resource use and human actions: Knowledge and Networks. By Dr. Dwijen Mallick from BCAS and Tahia Devisscher from SEI Oxford, UK Resource use and human actions: Knowledge and Networks. By Dr. Dwijen Mallick from BCAS and Tahia Devisscher from SEI Oxford, UK Presentation Transcript

  • Resources Use and Human Actions in Coastal Bangladesh:Knowledge and Network for Sustainable Natural Resources Management End Project Workshop of WD-NACE Date: 27 September 2012Venue: Welcome Collection Conference Centre, London Dwijen Mallick, Fellow of BCAS and Tahia Devisscher, Research Fellow of SEI, Oxford
  • Outline of the Presentation Poverty Situation in the Coastal Bangladesh Participatory Research and Consultations at 3 Levels  Resources Mapping, FGDs, KIIs and Knowledge and Network Analysis Resources Endowment in the Coastal Areas  Dynamics and Problems in Resources Use and Management Key Actors and Human Actions Network Architecture:  Horizontal and Vertical Linkages Decision Process and Impacts  Examples of Decisions Urgent Needs for Actions and Research  Functional Knowledge Network
  • Poverty Situation in Coastal Bangladesh Bangladesh is a small country with high population and wide spread poverty  BD made progress in poverty reduction in the recent years  Percentage of people living in poverty has come down to 32% in 2011 from 56.6% in 1990s (BBS)  But independent sources say, still over 40% people live in poverty  Of them 18% live in extreme poverty PRSP and FAO have shown the regional divide Large number of poor people live in environmentally degraded ecosystems  Riverine Charland (51%) and  Coastal districts (46%)
  • WD-NACE Research Framework WD-NACE looks at knowledge structure, network and power relation and how do they influence the behavior of actors and stakeholders for sustainable management of coastal resources and ecosystems The project tries to understand:  Resources endowment as well as the ecological and social dynamics  Actors, attributes and linkages; and  Decision process at local, regional and national levels  Knowledge and network for fair decision and sustainable management of NRs for poverty alleviation
  • Participatory Research and Consultations at Different Levels Participatory Research 3 Levels  Resources Mapping  FGDs with Resources Users and Actors Participatory Network Mapping/Analysis  Network density and Nature of Function  How do they influence and bridge among the actors and network members
  • Key Resources in the Coastal Ecosystems Key Resources in the Coastal Ecosystems  Land, Water and Wetlands, Forest (Sundarbans), Fisheries, Shrimp Farming, Agriculture, Embankments and Rural Infrastructure Social and Ecological Dynamics and Problems  Population, Poverty, over exploitation of forest and fisheries resources  Shrimp Farming and market forces  Salinity intrusion, high tide and coastal inundation, climate change and disasters Loss of agricultural productivity, food insecurity and malnutrition Scarcity of fresh water for drinking and domestic uses, health risks Loss of employment, economic activities and livelihoods
  • Current Trends of Resources Uses in Coastal Ecosystems Resources being used Sustainably Nepa Leaf (Gol Pata) and Crab cultivation Threshold level  Agriculture, Mangrove Forests (Sundarbans), Homestead Forests (Trees and Plants), portable water for drinking; polder and embankments Over Exploited  Rivers and fisheries, Shrimp farming, honey and forest products; wild lives
  • Types of Actors and Human Actions There are Multiple actors in relation to Coastal Resources Uses and Management  Community (farmers, Fishers, Forest Collectors, women) and Community Organizations Local Government Institutes and Govt. Departments  Union Parishad, Upazila Administration and line Departments: (Agriculture, Forest, Fisheries, DoE, Water Board, LGED, LGRD) Private Sectors: Trade and Business Banks and Financial Institutes NGOs and Development Agencies (BRAC, Grameen Bank, RDRS, Shushilan, Uttaran, World Vision, Caritas etc.) International Donors: AAB, Oxfam, WFP, FAO, UNDP, DFID, USAID, IPAC- Project Professional Group: Media and Human Right Groups
  • Types of Actors and Actions …Con. Broad Categories of Human Actions are:  Collection, Uses and Management  Implementation work for Conservation and Resource Management  Social Protection, Safety-net and DRR  HRD, Capacity Building and Training for Resources Conservation and Livelihood Promotion  Awareness and Information Dissemination  Legal Support and Human Right Protection  Financial Support and Micro-Credit Influential Actors  Government (high): Water Board, Department of Forest and Environment, LGRD, LGED, Upazila Parishad and Union Parishad  NGOs (medium) Like Shushilan, Caritas, Oxfam  Media and Human Right Groups have some level of influence
  • Network Architecture: Nature and Key Functions Information and Knowledge Network  Sharing knowledge and information  Advocacy and guidance between and across Capacity Network  Supporting each other for implementation of project and activities  Enforcement of regulation and laws for conservation and management of resources Information and Knowledge Network (mainly NGOs) are generally dense and have proximity with the actors Cohesion of capacity networks (of Govt. and NGOs) is lower and the capacity support flows tend to be top-down and uni- directional There are clusters and sub-groups of actors who have bridging ties between and across the actors and stakeholders
  • Local Level Actors and Stakeholder: Horizontal and Vertical Linkages Local and Regional Linkages  Horizontal and Vertical Linkages
  • Regional Level Actors and Stakeholder Linkages
  • Regional Level Actors and Stakeholder Linkages
  • National Level Actors and Stakeholder Linkages
  • National Level Actors and Stakeholder Linkages
  • National and Local Actors and Stakeholder Linkages
  • Examples of few Decisions and theirImpacts on People and Ecosystems
  • Key Elements for Pro-poor Decision Decisions at local, regional and national levels are to be taken considering the stakes and interests of all stakeholders and actors  Both ecological (conservation and regeneration) and social benefits (Employment, income, livelihood and poverty alleviation) must the considered Decisions making is very often influenced power-elites Making decisions that benefit the poor and marginal communities is difficult  Strong Linkage (vertical and horizontal) and networks of actors and stakeholders can help taking fair and just decision  Institutional integration is very crucial for fair decision  Participation of the Poor and Marginal Groups Knowledge and information are key input for Whole Decision process  Both socio-economic, ecological as well as qualitative and quantitative information are required for good decisions
  • Key Areas for Urgent Actions, Research and Knowledge Sharing/Network Mangrove Forests (Sundarbans)  Resources Conservation  Co-Management  Ecological Adaptation  Alternative Livelihoods Wetlands and Fisheries  Understanding impacts of CC on fish and wetland bio-resources  Conservation of fishes and aquatic resources  Alterative livelihood for the fishers and fry collectors Addressing salinity, drinking water and health risk management Agriculture and Food security (R&D; new varieties of crops and better farm management) Social Protection, DRR and CCA  Capacity building, Knowledge and network, technology and institutional support
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