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Reinforcement and punishment
Reinforcement and punishment
Reinforcement and punishment
Reinforcement and punishment
Reinforcement and punishment
Reinforcement and punishment
Reinforcement and punishment
Reinforcement and punishment
Reinforcement and punishment
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Reinforcement and punishment

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  • 1. REINFORCEMENT• Anything that increases the likelihood that a certain response will occur.
  • 2. NEGATIVE REINFORCEMENT• Negative reinforcement serves to encourage a certain positive behavior by taking away a negative stimulus.• Example: If someone does something wrong, they get a thumbs down. Then they know they did something wrong.
  • 3. POSITIVE REINFORCEMENT• Positive reinforcement involves anything that follows a behavior that makes it more likely that the behavior will occur again in the future.• Example: If someone does something right, they get thumbs up. Then they know that they did something right and they will continue to do so.
  • 4. PUNISHMENT• Any change that occurs after a behavior that reduces the likelihood of that behavior occurring again in the future.
  • 5. NEGATIVE PUNISHMENT• Negative punishment occurs when something desired is taken away as a consequence of a certain behavior.• Example: A dog uses the bathroom on the carpet. To punish the dog, the owner takes away the dog’s toys. .Hopefully the dog will learn his lesson
  • 6. POSITIVE PUNISHMENT• Presenting an unfavorable outcome or event following an undesirable behavior.• Example: A mother tell her daughter that if she gets in trouble again, then she will get a spanking.
  • 7. THE END
  • 8. SITE PAGE!• Reinforcement-http://psychology.about.com/od/operantconditioning/f/reinforcement.htm• Negative Reinforcement-http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-negative-reinforcement.htm• Positive Reinforcement-http://psychology.about.com/od/operantconditioning/f/positive- reinforcement.htm• Punishment-http://psychology.about.com/od/operantconditioning/f/punishment.htm• Negative punishment-http://phobias.about.com/od/glossary/g/negpunish.htm• Positive punishment-http://psychology.about.com/od/operantconditioning/f/positive- punishment.htm

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