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GOOGLINGACADEMICRESEARCHC H R IS W O O D L E YPROGRAM LIAISON, LRCCWOODLEY@CONESTOGAC.ON.CAX2330FIND THIS PRESENTATION AT:T I N Y U R L . C O M / C WG S C H O L A R
GOOGLING TIPS & TRICKSFOR ANY PURPOSETry using Google’s Advanced Search features:• Quotation marks keep two or more words together as a phrase (e.g. “face mask”) or stop Google from searching for related words (e.g. “yogurt” searches only for that word. Without the quotes, it retrieves sites with the word dairy, too.)• A minus sign (-) removes webpages with a specified search term (e.g. – frozen gets rid of websites about Frozen Yogurt)• Writing site: and then writing a website, or a type of site, limits the search to just that website or type of site (e.g. .org for organizations, .gc.ca for Canadian government sites, .on.ca for Ontario government sites, etc).• Using intext: intitle: and inanchor: to search for a word in just those areas (or to exclude them using - ). E.g. intitle:yogurt;• NOTE: never add a space between the colon and your search terms. E.g. intitle:yogurt not intitle: yogurt
WHAT IS GOOGLESCHOLAR?A search interface for locating citations to academicresearch—and accessing the full-text online (sometimes).Really, this is the definition of any research database.Google Scholar is just one more in a host of research toolssimilar to those offered by the library (but using it is free toall).Reading articles found in it is not free (not always, anyway).
WHAT CAN YOU SEARCHUSING GOOGLE SCHOLAR?“…articles, theses, books, abstracts and court opinions, fromacademic publishers, professional societies, onlinerepositories, universities and other web sites.”• Some resources are “open access,” i.e. free• Many have a cost-per-article• The LRC can help improve access to the costly articles (but more on that later)Google. (2011). About Google Scholar. Retrieved from http://scholar.google.ca/intl/en/scholar/about.html
WHAT CAN’T YOU FINDUSING GOOGLE SCHOLAR?• Google doesn’t search everything, and neither does Google Scholar• Only searches “scholarly” sources• So it does not search the following resources: • Newspapers • Trade Magazines • Professional Magazines • General Interest Magazines
GOOGLE ≠ EVILGoogle Scholar:• Attempts to filter the internet to just scholarly publications• Searches across many disciplines • Good for multidisciplinary topics• Easy to use and familiar!• Connects to full-text where available (for free, or through a library to which you have access)
GOOGLESCHOLARHELPSTRANSITIONING TO ACADEMIC RESEARCH
GOOGLE ≠ GOOD• What exactly is included? We don’t know and Google won’t say. • Calls into question content providers, i.e. how does Google define “scholarly”?• Good for “casual” research, but not generally acceptable as a single source for coverage of the literature on a topic. • Coverage is unknown (gaps exist) • Relevancy Ranking of search results is questionable • Narrowing/sorting search results is very basic in functionality • No controlled vocabulary (e.g. is it ‘Green Business’ or ‘Sustainable Business’?) • Citations may be inaccurate due to reliance of web crawling extraction (e.g. Author Name: P Login) • Students are often unaware that GS’s preferences must be manually set to link to libraries’ resources Jacsó, P. Google Scholars ghost authors. Library Journal 134: 26-27.
DOES GOOGLE SEARCH ALLSCHOLARLY CONTENT?Google Scholar is not comprehensive for all topics• 2005: GS retrieved an avg. of 60% of the total content of 47 databases across a variety of subject areas. 95% coverage of Open-Access journals.• 2008: GS retrieves approx. 70% of open access articles• 2010: dramatic increase to 98 – 100% coverage of 8 databasesChen, X. (2010). Google Scholars dramatic coverage improvement five years after debut. Serials Review 36: 221 - 226.doi:10.1016/j.serrev.2010.08.002Norris, M., Oppenheim, C., & Rowland, F. (2008). Finding open access articles using google, google scholar, OAIster andOpenDOAR. Online Information Review, 32(6), 709-709-715. doi:10.1108/14684520810923881
DOES GOOGLE SEARCH ALLSCHOLARLY CONTENT?FOCUS ON MEDICAL LITERATURE:• Google Scholar is complimentary to other health research databases – not a replacement• 2007 study: • GS usually finds more citations than PubMed • 50% of the GS citations are not found in PubMed (mostly citations to non-journal resources, e.g. books, scholarly websites; also due to “false hits”) • 30% of PubMed citations were not found in GS.• GS does not contain many advanced search features (controlled vocabulary, few filters, few sorting options)Shultz, M. (2007). Comparing test searches in PubMed and Google Scholar. Journal of the Medical Library Association, 95(4), 442-445. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=27358731&site=ehost-live.
LINKING TO LRCRESOURCES• Go to Google Scholar (http://scholar.google.ca)• Click “Settings” in upper right hand of the search page.• On the Settings page, click “Library Links” on the left.• Enter “Conestoga” in the search box and click “Find Library”.• Checkboxes appear below the search box.• Checkmark the Conestoga links.• Scroll to the bottom of the page and click “Save Preferences.” • Your searches will now show links to Conestoga LRC resources that contain articles from your search results.