Child Dev - Chapter 1 Notes PPPresentation Transcript
Growing with Children Child Development Chapter 1
Children in your life Journal #1 What people in your childhood do you remember b/c they had an impact on you or were important to you? Why do you remember them? How did they impact you?
Journal #2 What is your relationship/experience with children? Do you interact with them often? Do you feel comfortable around children or do they make you nervous?
A. Why study children? Study of children began in 1920’s – a. basically, prior to that, unconcerned with childhood as a particular study b. saw them as miniature adults
REASONS WE STUDY CHILDREN
1. Understand them better
why they do, feel, think the way they do
2. Gives you guidelines for future as a parent
Know what kids are capable of so you have realistic expectations as a parent
3. Appreciation of God’s creatures
Realize that we are each miracles and they way we develop from conception to death is amazing!
4. Discover that kids are fun!
5. Be able to apply learning to everyday life Put what you learn into action each day You may react differently to children because of what you now know 6. Help with a career choice Can I work with kids everyday? Am I truly interested in them and who they are? 7. Understand yourself better Better understand why you did and still do the things you do 8. Powers of observation grow With knowledge, you can observe children and learn from it each day 9. Learn practical techniques of caring for children What are children’s needs at different ages How to care for a newborn – 5 years
B. What is Child Development? Def: a. Study of how children grow in different ways - physically, mentally, emotionally, socially, & spiritually b. we will be studying how a child develops in each of these areas from conception until the age of 5
D. Childhood 1. Started studying children in the 1920’s 2. Prior to this, children were thought of as miniature adults, only differing in size, experience, & abilities 3. We now consider childhood a distinct period of life 4. We have studied how children develop in each dimension, what their special needs are, and how these needs can be met 5. In the present – changing attitudes & advanced in technology
E. Past & present 1. Work Past – had to work hard, farming, household etc Present – job is learning how to grow, learn, & play
2. Nutrition & health Past – many diseases, deaths small pox either were breastfed or they were very ill Present - we have formula to feed infants if not able to breastfeed Have vaccines to eliminate diseases also better health care & can determine b4 birth if there are problems
3. Dress Past – dress as small adults, dresses, overalls, boots, bonnets, etc Present – very stylish, more colorful, fun clothing
4. Parental love Same today as always in the sense of parents loving their children Today perhaps more knowledgeable about special needs of children
F. Growth of child study 1. Alfred Binet French Psychologist Developed a series of tests to measure intellectual processes & growth
2. Jean Piaget Swiss Psychologist Theorized that intellectual development in stages related to age Limits to what a child can learn during that period of development
3. Sigmund Freud Austrian Physician Developed theory that the emotional experiences of childhood have a lasting effect on the personality of an adult
4. Arnold Gesell & Erik Erikson U.S. Studied CD in terms of social & emotional growth Although must still must be learned, certain characteristics seem to be true in mostly all children
C. Characteristics of Dev These are the 5 basic facts that are true for human development: 1. Development is similar for everyone 2. Development builds on earlier learning 3. Development proceeds at an individual rate 4. Different areas of development are interrelated 5. Development is continuous throughout life
1. Development is similar for everyone: Children all over the world go through the same stages of development in approximately the same order Children usually stand before they can walk, babble before they can talk
2. Development builds on earlier learning: Skills a child learns at age 2 build directly on those learned at age one Says single words, combines those words to make sentences Development follows a sequence: A step-by-step pattern
3. Development proceeds at an individual rate: Follow similar pattern, but each child develops at his/her individual rate Style and rate of growth differ from child to child Each learn how to crawl, stand, then walk, but one may walk by the age of 9 months and the other 15 months Go through same steps, but at different rates
4. Different areas of development are interrelated: Child does not develop physically one week and emotionally the next All areas of development interact and develop continually
5. Development is continuous throughout life: Development does not stop at a certain age Some periods are rapid and others are slow Continue to develop from conception until death
Journal #3 Do you value play for yourself? Did you in your childhood? Do you for children today?
G. Importance of Play: 1.DEVELOPS ALL AREAS a. Physical Running, climbing, large motor movements Strength & balance Puzzles, finger painting Develops control of small motor movements & muscles
b. Intellectually singing nursery rhymes, stacking blocks, Gather, organizing, & using info about world Solving problems – puzzles, what fits Stimulating creativity & imagination
c. Emotionally Helping children work through life’s problems & challenges Acting out roles Sense of control & power Learn to deal with sharing
d. Socially Parallel play Playing beside each other, then playing together, sharing, taking turns, teaching Cooperating Leadership, friendly competition
e. Spiritually This is difficult to measure You can teach morals, fairness, sharing etc Read Bible stories and implement them throughout play by role play and by moral lessons learned
H. Benefits of Play In A Nutshell 1. helps children explore the world 2. interacts with other socially Getting along with others, sharing 3. solves problems in play setting Intellectual dev 4. discover what they can do Builds on earlier learning, self-esteem 5. stimulates creativity & imagination 6. feel a sense of control & power Self-esteem, daring to try new things
I. Guidelines for observing children 1.One of the most effective ways to learn about children & their development is by watching them a. choose time & place b. interact with them c. record what you observe – facts, not opinion d. watch how children react with other children & adults e. keep observation info confidential Remember each child is a unique gift from God, each made in His image – each is different, but special
J. Influences on Dev
Physical traits inherited
Could affect natural abilities
People, places, things that surround them
Would you be different than you are now if you had the same parents but grew up in a different household?
Which do you think influences development more, heredity or environment?