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Organic Vegetable Gardening
 

Organic Vegetable Gardening

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Organic concepts, organic gardening, vegetable gardening, composting

Organic concepts, organic gardening, vegetable gardening, composting

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    Organic Vegetable Gardening Organic Vegetable Gardening Presentation Transcript

    • 1 WHAT IS ORGANIC GARDENING? A Common Sense Approach December 2013 Mary Lou Roberts, Master Gardener
    • 2 WHAT WE’RE GOING TO COVER • What is the meaning of “Organic?” – How do we identify it? • • • • How about “Natural? Fresh? Local?” Organic Vegetable Gardening Flowers? The Wonders of Compost December 2013 Mary Lou Roberts, Master Gardener
    • 3 SHOULD YOU TAKE NOTES? Please do if you want to remember any of my ‘words of wisdom.’ However, I’ve posted these slides on the Internet. I’ll give you that link and links to Other important resources At the end. December 2013 Mary Lou Roberts, Master Gardener Mary Lou Roberts
    • 4 How Many of You Are Organic Gardeners? Entirely? Partly? Not Sure? December 2013 Mary Lou Roberts, Master Gardener
    • 5 ORGANIC AND RELATED CONCEPTS December 2013 Mary Lou Roberts, Master Gardener
    • 6 THE DEFINITION OF ORGANIC Organic is a labeling term that indicates that the food or other agricultural product has been produced through approved methods. These methods integrate cultural, biological, and mechanical practices that foster cycling of resources, promote ecological balance, and conserve biodiversity. Synthetic fertilizers, sewage sludge, irradiation, and genetic engineering may not be used. From the USDA National Organic Program website http://www.ams.usda.gov/ December 2013 Mary Lou Roberts, Master Gardener
    • 7 WHAT ORGANIC IS NOT • Not Just the Avoidance of Conventional Chemicals • More Than Just Substituting Organic Inputs for Inorganic Ones Mary Lou Roberts, Master Gardener
    • 8 PROVIDING THE LIGHT, WATER, NUTRIENTS, AIR THAT PLANTS REQUIRE Courtesy Russell Norton Cape Cod Cooperative Extension Education Officer December 2013 Mary Lou Roberts, Master Gardener
    • 9 HOW DO WE IDENTIFY ORGANIC PRODUCTS? There are other symbols. This is the official USDA symbol. December 2013 Mary Lou Roberts, Master Gardener
    • 10 http://theorganicfoodguide.com/location/102/ December 2013 Mary Lou Roberts, Master Gardener
    • 11 RELATED SYMBOL Certifies products for use on operations that are certified organic under the USDA National Organic Program. https://www.omri.org/ December 2013 Mary Lou Roberts, Master Gardener
    • 12 ADDITIONAL SYMBOL The definition of organic specifically excludes genetically engineered products (GMOs). Council for Responsible Genetics a non-profit organization http://www.councilforresponsiblegenetics. org/ December 2013 Mary Lou Roberts, Master Gardener
    • 13 December 2013 Mary Lou Roberts, Master Gardener
    • 14 December 2013 Mary Lou Roberts, Master Gardener
    • 15 There is no official definition of Natural. ‘Natural’ Can Mean Anything a Marketer Wishes! December 2013 Mary Lou Roberts, Master Gardener
    • 16 DO YOU VISIT THE FM? December 2013 Mary Lou Roberts, Master Gardener
    • 17 THE KEYS TO ORGANIC • • • • December 2013 The Soil Fertilizers, Herbicides and Pesticides Maintenance, including Watering Seeds and Plants Mary Lou Roberts, Master Gardener
    • 18 ORGANIC SOIL As Defined by the NOP • MAINTAIN or IMPROVE the Organic Content of Soil – By Using Compost, for Example • WITHOUT – Contaminating CROPS, the SOIL itself, or WATER • Possible Contaminants – Fertilizers with Non-Approved Additives (e.g. Vermiculite with Asbestos Content) – Disease-Causing Organisms (e.g., Salmonella, E coli) – Heavy Metals (e.g. Lead from paint disposal, Arsenic from Old Orchard Insecticides and many others) – “Residues of Prohibited Substances” • http://www.ams.usda.gov/AMSv1.0/getfile?dDocName=STELPRDC5087122 December 2013 Mary Lou Roberts, Master Gardener
    • 19 USE ORGANIC FERTILIZERS, HERBICIDES, PESTICIDES • First, Look for ‘Organic’ and Possibly one of the Symbols • Then Read the Label – Fertilizers Need Appropriate Balance of NPK and other Desirable Elements – Herbicides and Pesticides • • December 2013 Are they Appropriate for Your Issue? At What Time of Year/State of Pest Development Are They Effective? Mary Lou Roberts, Master Gardener
    • 20 ORGANIC AMENDMENTS Courtesy Russell Norton Cape Cod Cooperative Extension Education Officer December 2013 Mary Lou Roberts, Master Gardener
    • 21 MINERALS FOR FERTILIZER USE Courtesy Russell Norton Cape Cod Cooperative Extension Education Officer December 2013 Mary Lou Roberts, Master Gardener
    • 22 CONSIDER ALTERNATIVES TO PEST/HERBICIDES Sticky Yellow Paper Beneficial Insects Ladybugs for mail order GardensAlive.com Praying Mantis Egg Case ces.ncsu.edu December 2013 Mary Lou Roberts, Master Gardener
    • 23 PHYSICAL BARRIERS CAN BE HELPFUL Photo Courtesy Russ Norton, CCCE December 2013 Mary Lou Roberts, Master Gardener
    • 24 PLANT AN INSECTARY GARDEN http://www.pallensmith.com/articles/marge-says-plant-an-insectary December 2013 Mary Lou Roberts, Master Gardener
    • 25 MAINTAIN THOUGHTFULLY • Water As Needed – Morning; Keep Water off Foliage • Intensive Planting and Weed Barriers • Weed ‘Mechanically’ As Much as Possible December 2013 Mary Lou Roberts, Master Gardener
    • 26 THE DEMO GARDEN APPROACH At the Fairgrounds Planting Through Black Plastic Both Photos Courtesy Susan Sweeney, Master Gardener December 2013 Mary Lou Roberts, Master Gardener
    • 27 PLANTING THE RAISED BEDS Soaker Hose, Hay Everywhere Black Plastic for Heat Loving Both Photos Courtesy Susan Sweeney, Master Gardener Mary Lou Roberts, Master Gardener
    • 28 CHOOSING SEEDS AND PLANTS • To Be Entirely Organic – Use Organic Seeds – Organically-Grown Plants • How Far You Choose to Go is a Personal Decision December 2013 Mary Lou Roberts, Master Gardener
    • 29 ORGANIC VEGETABLE GARDENING START EARLY! December 2013 Mary Lou Roberts, Master Gardener
    • 30 One Raised Bed Two Crops Peas Mid-May December 2013 Mary Lou Roberts, Master Gardener
    • 31 Peas Early June December 2013
    • 32 Peas in Mid-July When Other Vegs are Established December 2013 Mary Lou Roberts, Master Gardener
    • 33 Kale, Broccoli Raab and Chard early August Intensive Planting Chokes out Weeds December 2013 Mary Lou Roberts, Master Gardener
    • 34 Thin by Eating! Mary Lou Roberts, Master Gardener
    • 35 BUT THIN ADEQUATELY Raab Smothering Kale December 2013 Mary Lou Roberts, Master Gardener Raab Gone
    • 36 October 1 – Chard Providing Bountiful Harvest December 2013 Mary Lou Roberts, Master Gardener
    • 37 Single Plant With Adequate Room Much Larger December 2013 Mary Lou Roberts, Master Gardener
    • 38 Planting Tomatoes—Getting Manure and Compost Down to Roots December 2013 Mary Lou Roberts, Master Gardener
    • 39 Seems to Work Cukes and Beans on Same Trellis Didn’t December 2013 Mary Lou Roberts, Master Gardener
    • 40 HAVE SOME FUN! December 2013 Mary Lou Roberts, Master Gardener
    • 41 Purple Beans Get Attention December 2013 Mary Lou Roberts, Master Gardener
    • 42 Profusion of Sunflowers—Also Edible December 2013 Mary Lou Roberts, Master Gardener
    • 43 Beans Use Sunflowers for Supports December 2013 Mary Lou Roberts, Master Gardener
    • 44 Flowers Like Asters Attract Polinators Mary Lou Roberts, Master Gardener
    • 45 MAINTAIN WEED AND WATER FAITHFULLY December 2013 Mary Lou Roberts, Master Gardener
    • 46 PLASTIC, CAGES KEEP PRODUCE OFF GROUND Zucchini Directly on Plastic ‘Home Made’ Tomato Cages Both Photos Courtesy of Bob Brancale, Master Gardener December 2013 Mary Lou Roberts, Master Gardener
    • INTENSIVE, SUCCESSION PLANTING OF VEG WITH DIFFERENT REQUIREMENTS Courtesy of Bob Brancale, Master Gardener December 2013 Mary Lou Roberts, Master Gardener 47
    • 48 Carefully Maintained Blackberries with Bird Deterrent Photo Courtesy Al Saperstein, Master Gardener December 2013 Mary Lou Roberts, Master Gardener
    • 49 Blueberries in the Demo Garden Photo Courtesy Bob Brancale, Master Gardener December 2013 Mary Lou Roberts, Master Gardener
    • 50 ADD EDIBLES December 2013 Mary Lou Roberts, Master Gardener
    • 51 Calendula, Fennel in mid September Fall Peas in Background December 2013
    • 52 Nasturtiums December 2013 Mary Lou Roberts, Master Gardener
    • 53 Basil Flowers, Other Herbs, are Excellent December 2013 Mary Lou Roberts, Master Gardener
    • 54 OTHER EDIBLE FLOWERS • Bachelor’s Buttons • Dianthus • Some Marigolds in Addition to Calendula – Signet Paprika, Mexican Marigold Mint One Theory is That If the Leaves are Edible, Flowers are Also (Borage, for example) December 2013 Mary Lou Roberts, Master Gardener
    • 55 THE WONDERFUL WORLD OF COMPOST December 2013 Mary Lou Roberts, Master Gardener
    • 56 How Many of You Make Compost? December 2013 Mary Lou Roberts, Master Gardener
    • COMPOSTING Composting is a process by which organic wastes are broken down by microorganisms, generally bacteria and fungi, into simpler forms. From UMass Extension Fact Sheet “Waste Management and Composting” December 2013 Mary Lou Roberts, Master Gardener 57
    • 58 BASIC COMPOSTING ISSUES • Materials – 30 Carbon: 1 Nitrogen • Temperature = 160° – 3’ x 3’ • Environment – Warm, Damp Well Aerated • Container December 2013 Mary Lou Roberts, Master Gardener
    • 59 Note Soil from Non-Organic Flower Containers I Use Both a Plastic Composter and Wire Bins December 2013 Mary Lou Roberts, Master Gardener
    • 60 SOME DESIRABLE MATERIALS http://extension.umass.edu/cdle/fact-sheets/waste-management-and-composting December 2013 Mary Lou Roberts, Master Gardener
    • 61 UNDESIRABLE MATERIALS • • • • Too Much Nitrogen, Water, Large Items Cooked Material, Especially Meat Inorganic Materials DISEASED PLANT MATERIAL December 2013 Mary Lou Roberts, Master Gardener
    • 62 THE ULTIMATE GOALS • Abundant, Healthful Food for Our Families and Communities • Sustainable Practices for the Environment December 2013 Mary Lou Roberts, Master Gardener
    • 63 MASTER GARDENERS OF CAPE COD THANK YOU! Questions/Discussion? December 2013 Mary Lou Roberts, Master Gardener
    • 64 A FEW RESOURCES • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • UMass Cooperative Extension many good fact sheets written for the MA farmer or gardener http://ag.umass.edu/ Maine Organic Farmers & Growers Association fact sheet http://www.mofga.org/Portals/2/Fact%20Sheets/TB%201%20Organic%20Gardening%20Basics.pdf Composting Website http://howtocompost.org/ Waste Management and Composting fact sheet http://extension.umass.edu/cdle/fact-sheets/waste-management-and-composting Edible Flowers http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/hil/hil-8513.html Organic Gardening Soil Amendments http://www.your-vegetable-gardening-helper.com/organic-gardening-soil-amendments.html Videos How to Grow an Organic Garden http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lFsSlS7IHBg Composting http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IKG8xRTFktg Newsletters, etc. (there are many, but 2 I especially like are) Mother Earth newsletters http://www.motherearthnews.com/ Renee’s Garden http://www.reneesgarden.com/