Introduction<br /><ul><li>Workplace stress has a negative impact on the business as well as on the individual employee. The increase in job stress creates emotional, financial, and safety concerns for employers and managers.
Stress is a normal occurrence. However, with increasing demands of work and home life, stress on the job is a problem causing physical, mental, and financial consequences for employers as well as employees. Studies show that stressful working conditions are associated with increased absenteeism, tardiness, and intentions by workers to quit their jobs—all of which have a negative effect on a company’s success. Employers, managers, supervisors, and business owners have many reasons to consider the stress level of their workers.</li></li></ul><li>Cause & Affect<br /><ul><li>The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) states that job stress results from both the characteristics of a worker and the working conditions, but that there are differing views as to which set of circumstances is the primary cause of job stress.
Individual Characteristics – According to one school of thought, differences in personality and coping style of the worker are most important in predicting job stress. Thus, what is stressful for one person may not be a problem for someone else. This viewpoint leads to prevention strategies that focus on workers and ways to help them cope with demanding job conditions.</li></li></ul><li>Cause & Affect<br />Stressed employees take more sick days and file more disability claims than do contented employees.<br />Financial<br />Stressed workers may become depressed or angry, which could lead to alcohol or drug use as self-medication for distress.<br />Emotional<br />People who are overly stressed are less attentive and can accidentally damage equipment or injure themselves or others.<br />Safety<br />
Leads to<br />That<br />This<br />The Negative Linear Theory <br />The negative linear theory is based on the concept that stress at any level can constitute from a productive standpoint a reduction in employee performance. When an employee’s stress level is high that individual’s perception becomes narrow and he/she can ignore important information and events that result in reduction of performance<br />
Conclusion<br /><ul><li>Organizations that bring in a consultant to recommend ways to improve working conditions take the most direct approach in reducing stress at work. According to NIOSH, programs that identify the stressful aspects of a working environment deal with the root causes of stress at work. Such programs result in the design of strategies that target the identified stressors. However, such programs can involve changes in work routines, production schedules, or organizational structure. Often managers are uncomfortable with this approach.</li></ul> <br /><ul><li>As a general rule, actions to reduce job stress should give top priority to organizational change to improve working conditions but even the most conscientious efforts to improve working conditions are unlikely to eliminate stress completely for all workers. For this reason, a combination of organizational change and stress management is often the most useful approach for preventing stress at work.</li></li></ul><li>Thank You!<br />QUESTIONS <br />