HISTORY OF SUGAR CONSUMPTION IN USA•In 1689 the first sugar refinery was built in New York City.•In 1699 individual consumption had reached 4 pounds a year.•In 2011 the average American consumes more than 100 pounds of sugar and sweeteners per year.
Like heroin, cocaine and caffeine, sugar is anhaddictive, destructive drug, yet we consume itdaily in everything from cigarettes to bread.-William Dufty, author of Sugar Blues.
Sugar qualifies as an addictive substance for two reasons:•Eating even a small amount creates a desire for more.•Suddenly quitting causes withdrawal symptoms such as headaches, mood swings, cravings and fatigue.
What is Sugar?•Sugar is a carbohydrate that occurs naturally in foods such grains, beans, vegetables, and fruit.•When Sugar is digested, it becomes glucose. Glucose is the fuel for all body cells.•There are 2 types of carbohydrates : Simple and Complex
COMPLEX CARBS•Whole grains and vegetables•Complex carbohydrates are composed of long chains of sugars.
COMPLEX CARBSThe body processes the complexcarbohydrates by breaking the longchains of sugars into smaller chains ofsugars, slowly releasing the sugar intothe bloodstream.
COMPLEX CARBSThis process is relatively slow; therefore,the sugars are absorbed into thebloodstream at a steady rate for manyhours providing long- lasting energy.
SIMPLE CARBS•Most simple carbohydrates are highly processed•Food that contains refined sugar
SIMPLE CARBS•Have very few minerals and vitamins•Tend to be less satisfying and more fattening.
SIMPLE CARBS•Contain short chains of sugar, which enter the bloodstream immediately after they are ingested causing a rapid rush•This reflects in instability, nervous tension, and hyperactivity.•Followed by a crash causing fatigue, depression, weariness, and exhaustion.
SIMPLE CARBS•Fruits are simple carbs•They are high in fiber which helps slow digestion and also limits the amount of sugar that flows into the cells.
EXAMPLES OF SIMPLE CARBS•Fruit juice•Candy•Cake•Bread made with white flour
EXAMPLES OF SIMPLE CARBS•Pasta made with white flour•Soda•All baked goods made with white flour•Most packaged cereals
Sugar is also found in:•Canned vegetables•Baby food•Peanut butter•Bread•Tomato sauce
20 Reasons Why Sugar Ruins Your Health•Sugar can suppress the immune system.•Sugar interferes with absorption of calcium and magnesium.•Sugar can weaken eyesight.•Sugar can cause hypoglycemia.•Sugar in children.a rapid rise of adrenaline levels can cause
20 Reasons Why Sugar Ruins Your Health•Sugar contributes to obesity.•Sugar can cause arthritis.•Sugar can cause heart disease emphysema. and•Sugar can contribute to osteoporosis.•Sugar can increase cholesterol.
20 Reasons Why Sugar Ruins Your Health•Sugar can lead to both prostate cancer and ovarian cancer.•Sugar can contribute to diabetes.•Sugar can cause cardiovascular disease.•Sugar can makecollagen. age by changing the structure of our skin•Sugar can produce triglycerides. a significant rise in
20 Reasons Why Sugar Ruins Your Health•Sugar can retention. increase the bodys fluid•Sugar can migraines. cause headaches, including•Sugar can cause depression.•Sugar can contribute to disease. Alzheimer’s•In intensive saves lives. care units, limiting sugar