Summary of Chapter 15


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Summary of Chapter 15

  1. 1. Part II: Master Among Men Chapter 15: “My Boy Is Gone” Team of Rivals Doris Kearns Goodwin Winter 1862
  2. 2. Celebrate Good Times <ul><li>Advent 1862-New Years Day Reception </li></ul><ul><li>White House catered parties </li></ul><ul><li>Mingling with Supreme Court Justices, Senators, Foreign Ministers, and Congressmen </li></ul><ul><li>Under tremendous pressure, Lincoln greeted and interact with guest. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Corruption & Mismanagement <ul><li>Occurred in the War Department under the direction of Cameron, Secretary of War. </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of progress on the battlefield for nine months. </li></ul><ul><li>Disgruntled public with the outcome of the war efforts. </li></ul><ul><li>Lincoln knew he would be held responsible for the choices of his administration. </li></ul>
  4. 4. “ If the New Year shall be only the continuation of faults, the mistakes and incapacities prevailing during 1861, then the worst is to be expected” <ul><li>President Lincoln was sufficiently at tentative in unsavory situations. </li></ul><ul><li>Chose the best candidate to relieve Cameron of his responsibilities. </li></ul><ul><li>Lincoln selected Edwin Stanton, who was a lawyer who humiliated Lincoln in Cincinnati six years prior. </li></ul><ul><li>The intelligence provided by Stanton helped eliminate traitors and kept Washington safe from capture. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Apprehension <ul><li>Chase believed that Stanton would be a steadfast ally in the struggle against slavery. </li></ul><ul><li>Stanton impressed the cabinet by the powerful reasoning of his arguments, passion of his delivery, and unparallel energy he devoted to his cases. </li></ul><ul><li>Energy and Force was desperately needed by the Lincoln Administration. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Change of Events <ul><li>Lincoln uncharacteristically send Cameron a letter tastefully recommending a change of position. </li></ul><ul><li>This new position consist of being in the Senate and Minister to Russia. </li></ul><ul><li>Cameron wept after receiving the letter and consulted Seward and Chase. </li></ul><ul><li>Lincoln withdrew the letter and substituted with a warm note indicating that Cameron had initiated the departure to St. Petersburg asked Cameron to recommend a successor. </li></ul><ul><li>Cameron stated Stanton was the best man for the job after Lincoln already made his decision. </li></ul><ul><li>Seward, Chase, and Cameron felt they were responsible for Stanton’s selection . </li></ul>
  7. 7. White Noise <ul><li>President Lincoln made the decision and allowed Cameron believe that he was responsible for Stanton’s selection. </li></ul><ul><li>Stanton’s nomination dismayed radical Republicans on Capital Hill due to his Democratic heritage which was believed to soften policy on slavery. </li></ul><ul><li>Delayed the Senate confirmation. </li></ul><ul><li>Stanton replacing Cameron was met with widespread approval. </li></ul><ul><li>Cameron’s reputation was preserved until the House Committee on contracts published its 1,100 page report in February 1862 </li></ul>
  8. 8. Accepted Responsibility <ul><li>The House voted to censure Cameron for conduct, “highly injurious to public service”. </li></ul><ul><li>Cameron knew he would never recover from scandal. </li></ul><ul><li>Lincoln wrote a long, public letter to Congress explaining that unfortunate contracts were spawned by emergency situations facing the government in the immediate aftermath of Fort Sumter. </li></ul><ul><li>Lincoln declared that his entire cabinet “were equally responsible with Cameron for whatever error, wrong, or fault committed. </li></ul><ul><li>Cameron never forget Lincoln’s generous act, he appreciate the courage it took Lincoln to share the blame. </li></ul>
  9. 9. New Regime <ul><li>Stanton answer letters and file telegraphs they received (requests for military supplies, which were delayed for weeks). </li></ul><ul><li>All business was closed Tuesday through Fridays to unrelated military matters. </li></ul><ul><li>Stanton surrounded himself with people like him, full of passion, devotion, and drive. </li></ul><ul><li>He did not tolerant unmerited requests even from Mary Lincoln (1 st Lady). </li></ul>
  10. 10. “ In the midst of a great war, for national existence ” <ul><li>First Duty is to the people. </li></ul><ul><li>Second Duty is to protect your president’s honor and your own. </li></ul><ul><li>Lincoln found Stanton was the leader the War Department needed. </li></ul><ul><li>Rise of Ulysses Grant who experienced major victories in Tennessee and capture Fort Henry and Fort Donelson. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Outbreak <ul><li>Small Pox was prevalent. </li></ul><ul><li>Willie, son of Lincoln was ill with typhoid fever from unsanitary conditions in Washington. </li></ul><ul><li>Feburary 5 th , Willie died from an bacterial infection with the aid of D. Dix Superintendent of Nurses. </li></ul><ul><li>Lincoln was filled with sad emotions and Mary was withdrawn and depressed. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Remorse & Solace <ul><li>Lincoln coped better with the death of his son than Mary. </li></ul><ul><li>Mary cannot see physical reminders of Willie. She sent toys, pictures, and clothes away. The luxury and vanity she indulged in seemed to taunt her. Willie’s death was punishment for this lifestyle. </li></ul><ul><li>Lincoln cherished mementos of his son. He painted him on his mantelpiece to tell visitors about his beloved child. </li></ul><ul><li>Now Lincoln was able to identify in a profound and personal way, families who lost loved ones. </li></ul>