Session 4 Youth Unemployment China PresentationPresentation Transcript
Unemployment in China
By Mr.Du Dong
All-China Youth Federation
20 June, 2008
C hall enges
Best educated generation in history — <WRD 2007>.
youth unemployment is waste of human resources.
social, economic, political problem
283 million young people aged 14 to 29 in China. (2005)
Supply and demand comparison in the labor market
China Employment Statistics 1 Supply of working population 24 million Job positions 10million Growth trend in the coming years gap 14 million
China Employment Statistics 2
Registered unemployment rate in cities :
485 million labors in rural are not counted, majority of the abundant rural labor (totaling 150 million) is youth
China Employment Trend
Since 1990, the employment content of growth is going down rapidly.
The employment in formal sector is going rapidly down, while the employment in informal sector is growing.
Big challenges for youth employment in cities and rural areas
New entrants to labor market annually: 10 million
Among which, Colleague graduates reach 4.95 million in 2007, an increase of 0.82 million than 2006
(from 2003 to 2007, the graduates are increasing by
46%, 32%,21%, 30%,20% than previous year)
70% of the registered unemployed in cities are under 35 years old (5.6 million in 2004)
70% of the migrant workers are young people aging between 16-35.
1. Employment Creation for Youth
Chinese government adheres to employment-improving macroeconomic policies
Through active financial policies and moderate monetary policies, expend the domestic demand, promote employment through sustained economic growth.
Traditional notion: employment will increase naturally following the sustained economic growth.
continuous economic growth is essential, but not sufficient.
growth in quality and quantity.
Review economic policies from the perspective of promoting employment.
Central goal —— byproduct
2. Creating Youth Employment through Entrepreneurship
Implement a development strategy that promotes job creation and encourage entrepreneurship to create more employment opportunities .
—— government work report 2007
Foster entrepreneurial culture.
historical entrepreneurial culture;
Entrepreneurship development chart Government,college inputs Intelligence （ KAB ,SYB ＋ local brand ） Training Angel fund Intelligence （ mentors’ guide ） Start up Development SME loans Venture capital Private fund intelligence （ mentor ＋ management courses ） Listed in stock market Cumulate credits Generate credit Security fund practice: Mobile class, concomitant teacher, Experience sharing academic ： MBA ， EMBA Expansion
China Youth Entrepreneurship Campaign
optimize the environment for entrepreneurship and promote training for entrepreneurship
helped 86,000 young people start their businesses;
Mid-term Objective (2007-2010)
help 500,000 young people learn business start-up skills;
help 200,000 young people start their businesses
Awareness Raising Event
publicity and awareness-raising activities
China Youth Entrepreneurship Award -- jointly launched by ACYF and the Ministry
of Labor from 2004;
-- 10 award winners annually
KAB project (ILO-Know About Business)
-- successful pilot operation in 81 universities;
-- plans to expand to 2000 universities in 2010
Seminars and Workshops
-- train over 950,000 young people
Professional consultancy on one-to-one basis
Youth business incubator
Provide Business Start-up Service
Provide financial support
China Youth Entrepreneurship Small-loan Program
Launched in 20 provinces in 2007
Current Development in 7 provinces:
-- total amount of 159 million RMB yuan;
-- support 38 enterprises and over 130 young start-ups.
3. Improve employability of the youth
Core function of educainal system
Better connection with schools and enterprises.
Provide intermediary service
Set up 483 youth employment service centers/job centers and 770 youth re-employment markets, which in total organized 6800 workshops/seminars, provide employment consultancy for 4.72 million youth and help over 1.2 million youth employed.
Chine Youth Entrepreneurship Website and its 15 online job markets.
Provide job opportunities to 834,000 in 107 key cities.
Conduct skill/vocational training
provide skills training for 2.8 million laid-off or unemployed youth
provide employment consultancy and employability training for 650,000 university students
provide 28 million migrant young workers in 6830 training centers in cities
help 1.54 million rural youth improve employability in rural youth centers
Provide employment assistance for disadvantaged groups
4. Equal opportunity
Against prejudice, discrimination, obstacles toward youth employment.
CSO engaged in consultation process of Employment Promotion Law which was released in August 2007,China.
Employment Promotion Law
Policy support and legal obligations
Youth employment priority
targeted groups and main
characteristics in China
Youth employment priority targeted groups
Expansion of higher education;
China is in an age of substantial social transition and young people’s failure to start their career development will not only lead to waste of human resources, but also possibly trigger serious social problems.
Rural migrant youth
Urbanization of the country; balance the development between the urban and rural areas.
Pooling Resources Together
build up networks of relevant partners;
act as focal point for inter-governmental or cross-sector theme groups
Institutionalizing Youth Initiatives
500 youth employment service center/job center were established in cities;
1100 youth centers were set up in rural areas
Delivering Services through ACYF’s Broad Network
12 national-level member organizations
36 federations in provinces, autonomous regions (including municipalities at provincial level)
3 million youth league branches
183,000 full-time youth workers
70 million communist youth league members (aging between 14-28);
1717 ACYF individual members at national level and 60476 individual members at provincial and local level (aging under 40)
13.5 million registered young volunteers
Advocate for a national policy and action plan on youth employment
Expand the scale and improve quality for youth employment
Cultivate a popular youth entrepreneurship culture
Further promote international cooperation on youth employment