In the 8 th Century BC the Greeks started to travel and set new colonies. They grew rich because of their trade and success at war.
What do we know about them?
We know quite a lot about them because they left a lot of statues, pottery and writing about the things they did.
Growing up in Ancient Greece Sons and daughters
Many Greeks would prefer a boy.
Unwanted or weak babies were left outdoors in the winter and they were left there to die.
Daughters were more expensive when there is an engagement .
Most girls were 13-16 years old when they got married. often their fathers chose their husbands for them. A girl’s husband was often older than in his 30’s.
Going to school
Most Greeks schools had fewer than 20 boys and often classes were outside.
Girls learned house work everyday and cooking and skills such as weaving at home.
Children played with small pottery figures and dolls made out of rags wood wax clay- some dolls have moveable arms and legs.
Children played with balls made out of tied up rags or blown up pigs bladder. The anklebones of sheep and goats made knucklebones or five stones.
Most boys had to work hard. They worked as farmers, sailors, fisherman and craft workers such as potters, builders, metalworkers and stone carvers.
Boys at school learned reading writing arithmetic music and poetry. They wrote on wooden tablets covered with soft wax using a pointed stick called stylus .They used an abacus with beads to help with them with their maths.
ATHENS The capital of Greece took its name from the goddess Athena, the goddess of wisdom and knowledge.
Wherever you stand, the city's history is in front of you.
In the centre of town are two hills, the Acropolis with the monuments from the Age of Pericles, and Lycabettus with the chapel of Ai Giorgis.
Ancient ruins show the glory of Athens, said by many people to be the cradle of western civilization.
Greek home life Greek women were only allowed to leave the house for a short periods of time. Greek cooking equipment was small and light and could easily be set up
One favourite family activity was to gather in the courtyard to hear stories of the Greek gods and goddesses adventures. The Greek houses in the 6 th and 5 th century BC were made up of two or three rooms. Many Greek heroes were posted on the walls .
The king of the gods, the ruler of Mount Olympus and the god of the sky, weather, thunder, law, order and fate. He is the son of Kronos and Rhea.
God of the sea, rivers, floods, droughts, earthquakes and horses. He is a son of Kronos and Rhea and brother to Zeus and Hades.
Thank you for watching Room 10’s power-point on Ancient Greece