Youth under 18 years of age are not allowed to own guns unless possessing a special minor permit.
All gun owners must apply for a gun license renewable every 5 years that includes a questionnaire on possible risk factors for violence and suicide.
Spouses of the past 2 years are notified of the owner’s application and a toll-free line is available for them would they have concerns.
A witness must sign the questionnaire and picture of the license applicant to confirm the information provided on the questionnaire is correct and indicate they know of no reason why the individual could be considered a threat to themselves or others.
There is a 28 days waiting period.
Guns must be registered once to their legal owners, ensuring that gun owners are held accountable for their guns and encouraging compliance with safe storage regulations.
Gun retailers are only selling guns and ammunition to people who are licensed to purchase it.
17 years of evidence proves stronger gun laws help reduce gun related death, injury, violence and suicide.
- Since the passage of controls on rifles and shotguns in 1991 and in 1995, gun violence has declined.
The rate of firearm deaths is the lowest in 30 years: 500 fewer people are killed per year than in 1991!
While the rate of homicide with handguns has remained constant over the past decade (many of the guns used are smuggled) rates of murders with rifles and shotguns have dropped by more than 78% since 1991. The rate of firearm robberies has declined dramatically (68%) since controls on rifles and shotguns were first introduced.
The program is also assisting police in tracing illegal firearms and handguns, including those smuggled into Canada from the United States.
Women and children are safer. The rate of domestic homicides with firearms has fallen by 67%.
Although the majority of homicides committed in the Toronto involve handguns, the "crime guns" seized by the gangs and guns unit actually include more rifles and shotguns than handguns. Most of these originate from Canada. As of December 2006, the unit seized 389 rifles or shotguns (including both unrestricted and restricted) and 337 handguns.
Handgun violence includes guns smuggled from the United States as well as guns diverted from legal owners through illegal sales or thefts.
Keeping guns out of the hands of dangerous and unbalanced people is a priority. While most of the handguns used in homicides are smuggled in from the US, there are too many cases where legal guns are misused by their owners -- John O’Keefe was shot on Toronto’s Yonge St. by a gun club member with a legally registered handgun in January, 2008. In 2005 it was a handgun stolen from a gun collector that killed Jane Creba on Boxing Day.