Context: Maine - 2008/2009 Brooks, ME New Forest Institute Summer Volunteer Permaculture Certification
OverviewLesotho – Bethel Business and Community Development Centre (BBCDC)
The Bethel Region Heavily eroded Minimal Vegetation Mountainous Note the Plateau
BBCDC and Village of BethelEucalyptus GroveScorched earthAspen GroveDongas (Gullies)
Brooks, MEYoung forestsMany fieldsNear the coastClear CutsGravel pits
Connecting the Dots with PermaculturePermaculture is an ecological design system for sustainability in all aspects of human endeavor www.permaculture.orgPermacultural systems tend toward creation of forest ecosystems that sustain humans in a multiplicity of ways
Principles to look at1) Design elements are put in the right place2) Each element serves many functions3) Each function is served by many elements4) Put often-managed elements near the house5) Put rarely-managed elements farther away6) Pay attention to sun, wind, and fire directions7) Stack plants vertically8) Use time stacking
Primary Tenets1)Earth Care – Earth as home – its the only one we have2)People Care – Helping each other in a way that develops healthy societies3)Fair Share – Limit consumption so that others have their share
Resources: Lesotho Water Stone South Africa Sunshine
Home away from Home The Rondavel Northern Exposure Plenty of Daylighting Batch Water Heater Photovoltaics Solar Oven and...
...from the SouthMetal Roof vs. ThatchQuite the ViewMy own Peach Tree (2)Stone Masonry and...
To build the round walls...• A BBCDC-designed andbuilt form• Lay the stone andconcrete inside• Similar to CobConstruction
A closeup of the peach tree ...And to provide it water...
A Swaling System With other water systems such as... (3)
Spring-Fed Cisterns using... Photovoltaic Systems and A Hydraulic Ram Pump Supplying Water to...
Ivans House with Integrated Cistern Solar Oven Private Garden Mechanics Shop Guest Quarters and...
The Campus Center withStone workSolar TechnologyLandscapingFood Production (7)
The Restaurant and Office Complex withDiscrete CisternsPV DC systemThermo-siphoning waterheaterSolar exhaust ventAnd seating for 24
The Machining and Carpentry Workshop with2003 – PV array addedArc welding powered bygeneratorsFurniture buildingand School kitchen on therightAnd all these buildingsinclude...
A Commercial Food Dryer Used for drying fruits and vegetables Solar powered using flat- plate technology Air exhausted through the Turbine Ventilator
A Bread Oven PrototypeUsing an anodizedaluminum shell andhaving parabolic frameDual Orientation and10-loaf capacity
Commercial Solar OvensAble to cook enough foodfor school populationFormed with square tube,sheet metal, andanodized aluminum
Batch Solar Water Heaters Storage and heating integrated in one unit Will only heat up limited amount of water is simple to construct Not usable in freezing conditions Allowing humans the time to...