HIV 101


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Red Cross Bahamas implemented this tool as a means of education towards the HIV/AIDS Awareness Initiative

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HIV 101

  1. 1. BAHAMAS RED CROSS SOCIETY Celebrating over 15 years of contributions to the National HIV and AIDS Programme in The Commonwealth of The Bahamas WELCOME TO OUR ONLINE LEARNING CENTRE
  2. 2. HIV & AIDS 101 This training segment was adapted from the technical tools of the International Federation of the Red Cross’ Together We Can Peer Education Project and The American Red Cross’ Caribbean HIV and AIDS Project. © 2014 Funded by PEPFAR and USAID via World Learning and the American Red Cross. This project is managed by BRCS Caribbean HIV AIDS Project (CHAP)
  3. 3. WHAT IS HIV? HIV is the virus that causes AIDS. The acronym HIV stands for: H - Human I - Immuno- deficiency V - Virus
  4. 4. WHAT IS AIDS? The acronym AIDS stands for: A - Acquired I - Immune D - Deficiency S - Syndrome
  5. 5. How can a person become infected with HIV? • By having unprotected sexual intercourse with an infected person • Through the transfusion of blood produced from an infected source (e.g. by sharing drug needles with an infected person) • Through mother to child transmission, where an infected mother can pass the virus to her child during pregnancy, at birth or through breast feeding
  6. 6. Three (3) Things for HIV Transmission 1. There must a person with HIV involved (the virus needs to leave the HIV positive person) 2. There must be enough active amount of the virus present. 3. The virus must enter the other person’s body and get into their blood stream
  7. 7. Ways HIV is not Spread… • HIV is not transmitted by: – kissing, – ‘casual’ or everyday contact between people – coughing, sneezing, touching or hugging someone who has the virus – biting insects such as mosquitos
  8. 8. ORAL SEX AND HIV • The risk of HIV infection from oral sex (giving or receiving) is very small BUT it’s still not considered a safe sex activity • It is a low risk activity – meaning that chances are low but using some form of protection is still strongly advised
  9. 9. UNBORN BABIES AND HIV • An HIV positive woman can give birth to a child who does not have HIV, if the HIV positive mother takes special drugs (ART) which will prevent the baby from becoming infected • Also strongly recommended that HIV positive mothers do not breastfeed their baby • Transmission of HIV can occur in the womb, during birth, or during breastfeeding
  10. 10. SIGNS OF HIV • Can you tell if someone has HIV just by looking at them? • NO! A person with HIV can live for many years with no signs or symptoms of illness • If symptoms do develop in early infection, they are usually similar at first to those of a common minor illness such as the flu
  11. 11. HIV TESTING • The only way you can tell if you have HIV for certain is to take an HIV test • VCT – Voluntary Counseling and Testing • Locations in the Bahamas – HIV AIDS Centre, Local Government Clinics, Adolescent Health Centre, Bahamas Family Planning Association, any Private Doctor
  12. 12. WINDOW PERIOD • The “window period” is the time it takes for a person who has been infected with HIV to react to the virus by creating HIV antibodies (seroconversion) • In the window period, people infected with HIV have no antibodies in their blood that can be detected by an HIV test, but the person may already have high levels of HIV in their blood, sexual fluids or breast milk
  13. 13. WINDOW PERIOD Condt. • Although HIV may not be detected by a test during the window period, HIV can be transmitted during that time • If you think you have been exposed to HIV, you must wait another 3 months to get tested again – the antibody will not show up in the test until then
  14. 14. WHO IS AT RISK FOR HIV? • PEOPLE WHO HAVE/ARE: – unprotected sex (sex without a condom) – many sexual partners who do not use a condom 100% of the time – had repeated Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) – Sexually active homosexual and bisexual males who do not use a condom 100% of the time
  15. 15. WHO IS AT RISK condt… • Male and female sex workers (prostitutes) who do not use a condom 100% of the time • Persons who have sex with someone who is HIV positive who do not use a condom 100% of the time • Past or present users of needles which are used to inject illicit drugs e.g. heroin
  16. 16. IS THERE A CURE FOR HIV & AIDS? • Currently there is no cure for HIV or AIDS. • There are medications available which help to manage HIV infection and which can help the person live a relatively healthily and productive life.
  17. 17. HOW CAN YOU PROTECT YOURSELF? • Abstain or delay sex • Be faithful to one uninfected partner • Use a latex condom every time you have sex with a partner • Do not use drugs or share injection needles • Seek early and complete treatment for STIs • Get the facts on STIs and AIDS • Know your Status and your partner’s Status- get tested for HIV
  19. 19. For additional information on this training segment,For additional information on this training segment, contact the Bahamas Red Cross Societycontact the Bahamas Red Cross Society at 242-322-9451 or 2, or locate aat 242-322-9451 or 2, or locate a Bahamas Red Cross Peer Educator in your community.Bahamas Red Cross Peer Educator in your community. Funded by PEPFAR and USAID via World Learning and the American Red Cross. This project is managed by BRCS Caribbean HIV AIDS Project (CHAP)