First 10 Amendments to the United States Constitution. Finalized on December 15, 1791. First introduced by James Madison.
Protect the natural rights of a person’s liberty and property. Guarantee a certain amount of freedoms. Limits the governments power.
Congress can’t make laws from keep you from practicing your choice of religon. Congress can’t restrict what you want to write/publish in a book or newspaper. Congress can’t stop you from holding a peaceful protest against something.
Congress can’t keep people from having weapons in order to defend themselves.
You have the choice to not let soldiers live in your home, except in a time of war.
No one can search you, house, or any of your property unless the courts have a reason to think that you have committed a crime.
You can’t be tried for any type of serious crime without a Grand Jury whether or not there is enough evidence. If you are found not guilty then you can’t be tried for the same crime even with a different jury. You have to be convicted by a jury in order to receive any type of punishment.
If arrested you have the right to a speedy trial. You can’t be kept in jail without being tried for a crime.
You have the right to a jury if you are involved with a civil case. ◦ A civil case is between two people rather than between you and the government.
The government can’t set an unreasonable bail or fine amounts. The government can’t order cruel and unusual punishment.
These rights are listed in the Constitution, but are not your only rights.
Anything that the Constitution doesn’t say should be left up to the states and people.