Fertilizer Plants Defined 101

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Following the West Fertilizer catastrophic explosion in West, Texas a need arises in untangling the confusion between fertilizer plants and businesses primarily engaged in the merchant wholesale distribution of farm supplies, such as: animal feeds, fertilizers, agricultural chemicals, pesticides, plant seeds and plant bulbs. Thank you. Support your Local Emergency Planning Committee (LEPC).

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Fertilizer Plants Defined 101

  1. 1. Combustible Dust Policy Institute 1Fertilizer Plants101So What Does a FertilizerPlant Look Like?
  2. 2. Combustible Dust Policy Institute 2ExamplesFertilizer Plants• NAICS 325311 Nitrogenous Fertilizer Mfg.• NAICS 325312 Phosphatic Fertilizer Mfg.• NAICS 325314 Fertilizer (Mixing Only) Mfg.North American Industry Classification System (NAICS)
  3. 3. Combustible Dust Policy Institute 3Fertilizer Plant
  4. 4. Combustible Dust Policy Institute 4Fertilizer Plant
  5. 5. Combustible Dust Policy Institute 5Fertilizer Plant
  6. 6. Combustible Dust Policy Institute 6OSHAProcess Safety Management (PSM)Violations-07/28/2011(Fertilizer Plant)• 1910.119(d) Process safety information.• 1910.119(e) Process hazard analysis.• 1910.119(f) Operating procedures• 1910.119(j) Mechanical integrity• 1910.119(k) Hot work permit.• 1910.119(l) Management of change.• 1910.119(o) Compliance Audits
  7. 7. Combustible Dust Policy Institute 7Grain and Field BeanMerchant WholesalersAdair Grain Inc.AKA, West FertilizerWest, TexasEPARisk Management Plan (RMP)
  8. 8. Combustible Dust Policy Institute 8Anhydrous AmmoniaDOT-NonflammableEPA Toxic Inhalation HazardAnhydrous Ammonia On-Site Process SafetyControls:•Pressure Relief Valves•Excess Flow Valves•Check Valves•Manual Shutoff Source:West FertilizerEPA Risk Management Plan
  9. 9. Combustible Dust Policy Institute 9DOT NonflammableAnhydrous Ammonia• Sprinklers -No• Water Deluge Systems-No• Blast Walls-No• Fire Walls-NoThese engineering control measuresnot required for nonflammablesSource:West FertilizerEPA Risk Management Plan
  10. 10. Combustible Dust Policy Institute 10Ammonium Nitrate• Hazard Class Division 5.1: Oxidizers• Not an EPA-RMP Highly Hazardous Chemical• Not an OSHA-PSM Highly Hazardous Chemical• As a result not listed in EPA Risk Management Plan
  11. 11. Combustible Dust Policy Institute 11Merchant WholesalersProcess Safety Management (PSM)ExemptPSM does not apply to a retail facility when morethan half (>50%) of the income is from sales of aPSM-covered chemical to end users (farmers)such as anhydrous ammonia.
  12. 12. Combustible Dust Policy Institute 12PSM ExemptionExampleBusinesses primarily engaged in the merchantwholesale distribution of farm supplies, such as:• Animal feeds,• Fertilizers• Agricultural chemicals• Pesticides• Plant seeds and plant bulbs
  13. 13. Combustible Dust Policy Institute 13The ProblemReferring to agricultural wholesale/retailestablishments as fertilizer plants
  14. 14. Combustible Dust Policy Institute 14ResultStakeholders not believing they have anything inthe magnitude of the West, Texas facility, sincethey’re not a fertilizer manufacturer, yet havebusinesses supplying fertilizer in bulk foragricultural entities.
  15. 15. Combustible Dust Policy Institute 15Farm Supplies Merchant WholesalersEPA Risk Management Plan• 3,645 facilities• 138 five-year accidents• 3 deaths from 5-year accidents• 191 injuries from 5-year accidents• $209, 774 property damage from 5-yearaccidentsSource: EPA Risk Management Plans
  16. 16. Combustible Dust Policy Institute 16Alternative Solution
  17. 17. Combustible Dust Policy Institute 17Offsite Consequence Analysis&Worst-Case Release Scenario AnalysisFlammables. Endpoints for flammables (Scenarios)(i) Explosion. Overpressure of 1 psi.(ii) Radiant heat/exposure time.(iii) Lower flammability limit.Source:CFR Title 40: Protection of EnvironmentPART 68—CHEMICAL ACCIDENT PREVENTION PROVISIONSSubpart B—Hazard Assessment
  18. 18. Combustible Dust Policy Institute 18So What Do You Think?Thank YouSupport your Local Emergency PlanningCommittee (LEPC)

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