LAKE CITY …….. situated in southern Rajasthan is one of theBeautiful place’s in India
UDAIPUR from years is known for its beautiful lake ,forts and hasbeen a major tourist spot …….
Lakes in Udaipur•Fateh Sagar•Pichola Lake•Rangsagar lake•Swaroopsagar Lake•Badi Lake
Our Main Concern :•Fate h Sag ar LakeThe Lake is situated in the north of Udaipur city, as apartof the western lake frontage. The lake was constructed inthe year 1678A.D. and then renovated in 1889A.D. byMaharana Fateh Singh. The dam of this reservoir is720m in length and about 100m in breadth. The lake hasa catchment area of 53.66km.The greatest depth of theLake lies near the middle of the dam i.e. 13.4 m. Thetotal spread is 4.0 sq. kms.
•Picho la LakeA Banjara chieftain initially constructed the lake in the14th century. Rana Udai Singh further raised itsembankment in 1560 A.D. The water spread of the lakeis 6.96 kms. And has a maximum depth of 10.5 mtowards the west where the Kotra River drains into thelake. The lake forms the main source of drinking waterfor the city. The river Sisarma, a tributary of the Kotra isthe chief source of water to the lake
But …………………… in recent years the pollution(majorly water pollution ) level has increased so much thatudaipur is loosing its scenic beauty …………..
SurveysWater quality of Fatehsagar lake: Pollutio Units 19/1/200 18/10/20 23/3/200 S.no n 7 07 8 Paramet ers 1. pH No unit 8.84 8.39 8.20 2. BOD Mg/L 1.05 2.68 5.7 3. Nitrate Mg/L 0.16 0.14 N.A. 4. Nitrite Mg/L 0.006 0.005 N.A. 5. Fecal MPN/100 11.00 11.00 4 Coliform 6. Total MPN/100 28 28.00 14 Coliform 7. Total Tonnes/d N/A N/A 4 Solid ay waste
Water quality of pichola lake: Pollution Units 19/1/2007 18/10/200 23/3/2008S.no Paramet 7 ers1. pH No unit 8.1 8.43 8.292. BOD Mg/L 2.48 2.2 3.33. Nitrate Mg/L 0.14 0.08 N.A.4. Nitrite Mg/L 0.004 0.005 N.A.5. Fecal MPN/100 28 11.00 9.00 Coliform6. Total MPN/100 210 28.00 93 Coliform7. Total Tonnes/d N/A N/A 4 Solid ay waste
• The aquatic species aresuffering the most. Fishes aredying because of non availabilityof Oxygen since the watersurface is covered withwatercress .• Also chemical water is directly dumped in the water bodies without anytreatment which is affecting aquatic life.•Accumulation of bioaccumulative and non-biodegradable pollutants in animalbodies which is leading to the death of aquatic animals and plants and this effectis than continued in the food chain
Effe ct o n HUM N : AS•Increased incidence of tumours, ulcers due to nitrate pollution.•Increased incidence of skin disorders due to contact withpollutants.•Increased incidence of constipation, diarrhea and infections tointestine.•Dangerous effects on growing foetus in pregnant women.•Concentration of pollutants due to bioaccumulative pesticides.through secondary and tertiary food chain in case of non -vegetarians.•Still births, abortions and birth of deformed children.•Blue baby disease caused by methane globinemia - whichresults in asphyxia (reduced O2 supply).•Reduced activity of immune system.•Loss of memory power and reduced mental sharpness.•Water borne diseases like jaundice, hepatitis, gasteroenteritiswill be more prevalent due to water pollution.•Reduced bone development and muscular development.•Reduced male fertility.•Shifts in physiological cycles of human body.
Udaipur Purification Plant: There are 3 main water purification plants in Udaipur : 1) Doodh Talai 2) Jaisamand 3) UdaisagarWe visited DoodhTalai plant
Pic-2 Pic-1In this step chlorine gas and alum areadded in certain amount of ppmdepending on tubidity of water.
Water flowing from inside to outside tank Pic-3 Pic-4After first step treatment water is collected in the centre tank andallow to stand. So that the flux formed is seperated. Then this wateris pumped from bottom to top in outer tank, known assedimentation tank. These tanks are 20 ft deep.
Measures going on in the city to control this• Rajasthan Patrika is running “AMRATAM JALAM”program which is receiving great response from the public• Jheel Sanrakshan Society, Udaipur too is workingalong with the public cooperation and working at a greatpace.• Clubs of udaipur like .. Lions’ Club , Rotary Club , FieldClub and many Non Governmental Organisations too arerunning many programs for saving the beauty ofUDAIPUR.
SUGGESTIONS :• Bury or flush pet wastes down the drain.• Recycle as much plastic and other materials as possible.•Dispose of all unused household hazardous wastes atyour local disposal site.•Use NATURAL alternatives.• Put litter into garbage cans, never throw it into stormdrains or the street.